The Anabaptist, Mennonite and Spiritualist Reformation The radical reformation Part I also includes polemical writings for and against the Reformed and Catholic Churches. Titles in part II treat the period of Münster, Münsterite Anabaptism itself and the post-Münsterite period as separate subjects. The collection includes all the 16th century books in the Library of the United Mennonite Congregation in Amsterdam, now housed in the Amsterdam University Library.
The Catholic Reformation Including French Diocesan Catechisms 1615-1900
There is no longer any question today of reducing the Catholic Reformation of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries to just the Counter-Reformation. The latter unquestionable existed, but constituted only a chapter - and not the best one - in a very profound transformation of the Catholic Church. This explains the interest in making available at least some of the first-hand documents that allow us to appreciate the originality, richness, and vigour of Tridentine Catholicism.
The Catholic Renaissance The Catholic Renaissance is amenable to two historical readings that are in certain respects contradictory. According to one, it was a period of hardening of the structures, a regimentation of the masses, and an attempt at total catechizing, and all that thanks to the support of the state. But on the other hand it was sanctity, beauty, and piety. These two aspects, which might appear incompatible, cohabitated in reality in everyday life. And if an effective and quantitatively important Christianization resulted from the methodical and powerfully orchestrated action of the Church of Rome it was because this action was quantitatively doubled, supported, and vivified from within by the treasures of devotion, heroism, charity, spirituality, and creative imagination. Without these, the great clerical machine would not have accomplished any more than putting a ponderous bureaucracy in place.
The spirit of organization With the Catholic Renaissance appeared a new characteristic in Christian history: the spirit of organization. On the whole this constituted an enrichment of the mental equipment of Western man at the beginning of the early modern period. From that time on the churches, and especially the Church of Rome, both profited from this enrichment and gave it new impulses. Preaching, teaching, and devotion became more methodical and more efficient than in the past, making possible - among other results - a veritable planetary expansion of Catholicism. Never in the past had Christianity spread so rapidly over such vast territories.
A religious conquest A religious conquest comparable to that of apostolic times recommenced on the scale not of a Mediterranean empire but of the inhabited universe. From being on the defensive toward the Turks, the Roman church passed over to the spiritual offensive in the pagan world that was opening up to it. In many ways, therefore, the Catholic Reformation appears to us as a major phenomenon in the world history of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
This important volume presents the first comprehensive history of early modern La Rochelle, a port town whose fractious residents became embroiled in the French Reformations.
Opening chapters situate the Rochelais within the geopolitics of an oceanic frontier, where urbanites created a strong, heavily armed civic government, in part because they perceived themselves as isolated civilizing agents surrounded by the savage inhabitants of a lawless environment.
Analysis of the city's Reformation proceeds within this context of place and politics, showing how various ranks of the citizenry idiosyncratically adopted the tenets of Calvinism, amalgamating these salvific doctrines with traditional civic rites and values - to the consternation of more orthodox pastors.
Juxtaposing serial sources from multiple archives, Robbins shows with innovative detail how local political and religious struggles intermeshed, setting the city and its Reformed congregations on a fatal collision course with the Bourbon monarchy. Concluding chapters examine how great aristocratic families, churchmen, and Catholic magistrates joined in a local Counter-Reformation, remaking urban power politics from the ground up.