Public Consultations and Democracy: The Case of GMOs in the EU

In: Connected Accountabilities: Environmental Justice and Global Citizenship
Marko Ahteensuu
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The paper highlights a democracy deficit in public consultation practices on the deliberate release and placing on the market of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the European Union (EU) by focusing on the case of Finland. In particular, GMO consultation practices are assessed in regard to three prerequisites for a democratic decision-making procedure: availability of information, possibility to affect decisions, and transparency of the decision-making process. It is argued that, in its current form, GMO consultation fails to meet these basic requirements.

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