The purpose of this chapter is to study the phenomena of violence among the Palestinian youth in the Occupied Palestinian Territories- OPT. The study will take Gaza Strip as a case to examine the violence among youth aged 15-30 years old. Youth are considered the major segment of the society. They are crucially influential in driving the society in peace or conflict. Youth are the backbone, and the engine for the society change. The chapter will examine also the efforts and activities delivered by a number of local organisations and international agency to educate youth on dialogue, tolerance and reconciliation at the social and the political levels. The chapter will examine the role of youth in disseminating culture of social change in rebuilding mutual trust, reconciliation, building capacities for conflict resistance, empowering marginalized parties and launching joint development policies and strategies. The chapter will consider a number of social, economic and political factors, circumstances and changes that have influenced the use of youth for violence in the OPT (2000-2012).