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In: An Azanian Trio
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Books Referred To in the Text of Kawkab al-durriya

  1. The Qurʾān is of course resorted to especially in connection with the late pre-Islamic and early Islamic periods. The references we have given are first those of the Egyptian edition and second those of Fluegel. If they are the same only one reference appears.
  2. Al-qāmūs al-muḥīṭ. The author is Abū Ṭāhir Muḥammad b.Yaʿqūb al-Fīrūzābādī (born 729/1329, died 817/3rd Jan 1415 in Zabid of the Yaman). This is an etymological dictionary in which the words are arranged in a manner that appears to us strange. On the basis of the consonantal roots, he has a faṣl, or chapter, in alphabetical order according to the last letter of the root; and within each faṣl he sets a bāb, or section, for each root in alphabetical order according to the first letter of the root. It will be seen from the text that Shaykh Fāḍil bin ʿUmar refers to it only when referring to the meanings of words that are Arabic—or which he takes as being Arabic.
  3. Nihāyat al-arab fī maʿrifat qabāʾil al-ʿArab (Brockelmann, Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur, Supplementary vol. 2, pp. 165, 785). The author is Shahāb al-Dīn Abū ʾl-ʿAbbās Aḥmad bin ʿAbdallah al-Qalqashandī ʾl-Miṣrī, who live between (A.D. 1355–1418). Sabāʾik al-dhahab, this work re-arranged with additions by Muḥammad Amīn al-Suwaydī (died 1246/1830 in Buraida). Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-Ilmīyah, 1423/2002.
  4. Kitāb fī akhbār al-adhkiyāʾ. (Brockelmann, Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur, Supplementary vol. 3, p. 748). A historical work by ? Ibn al-Faraj al-Jawzī. This is a treatise giving examples of intelligence of different kinds, partly based on traditions. Published by al-Maktab al-Tijārī, Beirut, c. 1965
  5. Ḥayāt al-ḥayawān. (In three sections—Al-kubrā, Al-wusṭā and Al-ṣughrā). (Brockelmann, Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur, Supplementary vol. 2, p. 170). The author is Kamāl al-Dīn Muḥammad bin Mūsa al-Damīrī who lived (A.D. 1344–1405). This work has been extensively studied and worked upon by J. de Somogyi in two articles:
    1. An account of the contents of Ḥayāt al-ḥayawān in the Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies 8 pt. 1 1935, pp. 143–155
    2. A detailed analysis of al-Damīrī’s sources for Ḥayāt al-ḥayawān in Journal Asiatique, Juillet-Septembre 1928, pp. 5–128.A copy of this work, published in Cairo in 1284/1867, is found in the Special Collections of the Library of the University of Edinburgh. The material section of the work for this MS is in the section entitled Al-Iwazz = The Goose, which contains an account of the Baghdad caliphate. It commences on p. 78 of Vol. 1 of the copy in question.
  6. A Book by ʿAbdullah bin Ḥumayd bin Ṣallūmi ʾl-Ṣālimi, possibly Jawhar al-niẓām fī ʿimay al-adyān wa-ʾl-aḥkām (Cairo, 1926), to which is prefixed a life of the author by Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm Aṭrash. There are other writers with the tribal name al-Ṣālimi but not, so far as we can see, authors of books relevant to the East African coast or ʿUmān.
  7. Kitab maʿalīm al-tanzīl. A commentary on the Qurʾān by Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥusayn b. Masʿūd al-Farrāʾī ʾl-Baghawī (d. Shawwāl 516/December 1122), based on al-Thaʿlabī’s Al-kashf wa-ʾl-bayān.
  8. Al-ʿIbar. From the one quotation given, this book seems to be Kitāb al-ʿibar fī akhbār al-bashar mimman ʿubar, the author of which is Abū ʿAlī Muḥammad b.ʿAbdallah b.ʿUthmān Qaymaz Shams al-Dīn al-Dhahab al-Turkumān al-Fāriq al-Shāfiʿī (b. 3 Rabiʿ II 673/7 October 1274; d. 3 Dhū ʾl-Qaʿda 748/5 February 1348).
  9. Sabāʾik al-dhahab fī maʿrifat qabāʾil al-ʿArab, by Muḥammad Amīn al-Baghdādī, known as al-Suwaydī. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1423/2002.