The development of contemporary Chinese religion has its own social background. A typical characteristic of it is co-existence with globalization. The present development and future possibilities of religious existence in China should be based on the corresponding relationship with Chinese society, specifically in the contextualization of global engagement. Many people hope and believe that religion can play a very positive role(s) in contemporary China, in line with its global connection. Alhough certain problems still remain, the theme of understanding religion has a very special role within the context of the Chinese effort of constructing a harmonious society.