Kurdish bažn, Persian bašn and Other Iranian Cognates

In: Studies on Iran and The Caucasus
Author:
Ela Filippone
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Abstract

The paper deals with the lexical set of cognate words to which Kurdish bažn, Persian bašn (generally recorded as ‘stature’) belong. These words are attested in Middle and Modern Western Iranian and are dialectologically connoted, being nowadays mostly found in Central dialects, Kurdish, Gorani and Zazaki areas. By reviewing lexicographical and textual sources, the author picks out the semantic peculiarities of the bašn-forms. Starting from the notion of HEIGHT and through metaphorical associations and shift of reference, bašn-forms have acquired different senses mostly involving the book-body domain (‘body’, ‘waist’ etc.) but with extensions to other domains. They have also undergone grammaticalization processes. As far as Western Middle Iranian is concerned, all the occurrences of Pahlavi bašn, Manichaean Parthian bašnān and Middle Persian bašnāy have been listed and discussed.

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Studies on Iran and The Caucasus

In Honour of Garnik Asatrian

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