Late Roman or late antique archaeology in Hungary has a long history which starts in 1777, the time of the first recorded excavation in Óbuda (Budapest). The later evolution of late antique archaeology in Hungary is tied to two of its most characteristic sites: Keszthely-Fenékpuszta and Sopianae (Pécs). Archaeology developed in a similar way to that seen in western European countries, until the Soviet occupation of 1945. From this time, centralised research projects and development-led rescue excavations started to dominate. From the 1990s the new larger scale developer-led rescue excavations required different methodologies, but the profession failed to adequately respond to this change, at first. Currently, it is the heterogeneity of the methods used within the country that characterises Hungarian archaeology.

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