Privileging the Local: Prints and the New World in Early Modern Lima

In: A Companion to Early Modern Lima
Author:
Emily C. Floyd
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Abstract

Early modern inhabitants of the Viceroyalty of Peru were caught between two worlds: they were simultaneously American and influenced by the unique geographic and cultural circumstances of their place of residence and part of the broader Spanish Empire. Furthermore, they faced negative characterizations of the New World by Europeans who dismissed it as a decadent, amoral place, where climatological and astrological conditions led to the degeneration of its residents. Elite inhabitants of the viceroyalty mobilized printed visual material in response to these critiques and as a means of expressing their dual allegiances, using prints made in Lima to perform both their loyalty to Spain and their pride in the intellectual, political, and religious achievements of the viceroyalty and its capital city. This chapter analyzes the role of prints made in early modern Lima in these debates, considering the diverse ways in which they challenged and affirmed identities of people living in the New World.

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