According to the four GCs of 1949,1 States have to include the study of those texts within their programmes of military and civilian instruction. What role do universities play in that regard? How has the ICRC supported the teaching of IHL during the past decades? What are the results achieved and the challenges faced? Which recommendations and questions can be formulated for years ahead? This piece endeavours to provide an overview of the ICRC’s experience in promoting the teaching of IHL in academia worldwide.