Pentecostalism Comes to China: Laying the Foundations for a Chinese Version of Christianity

In: Global Chinese Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity

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Pentecostalism experienced its beginning in China in 1907 with the arrival of early adherents T. J. McIntosh and Lillian and Alfred Garr. Although their initial attempt to align with the existing missionary community was rebuffed, the untrained and linguistically challenged pioneers quickly found local help from Chinese leaders attracted to their message, as well as several older missionaries who discovered the Pentecostal experience. As the movement grew, it spread to all parts of China and developed several social-service centers, but it also divided in concert with the emergence of denominational factions in North America. One of the missionaries, Brent Brentsen, became an exponent of Oneness Pentecostalism, whose ideas he passed on to Paul Wei, the founder of the True Jesus Church, which would become the largest Pentecostal movement in China.


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