Elitism and Poverty: Early Pentecostalism in Hong Kong (1907–1945)

in Global Chinese Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity
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This chapter examines how the distance between the elite and the poor was bridged through the missions of the early Pentecostals in Hong Kong. The movement was launched by a group of Chinese elites who left their wealthy church to start mission works for the poor. They provided education for women, fought for tenants who were oppressed by high rents, and launched missions in remote villages. They also published a Chinese Pentecostal newspaper, Pentecostal Truths 五旬節真理報, in simple Chinese language for the benefit of illiterates. Although the church was started by elites, it was for the poor and of the poor. The Pentecostal elites and Pentecostal poor were in communion, and they collaborated for the common good of underprivileged members of society.

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