The Foundation for the Development of International Law in Asia (dila) was founded in 1989, in the words of its charter, for the:
promotion of the study and analysis of topics and issues in the field of international law, in particular from an Asian perspective;
promotion of the study of, and the dissemination of knowledge of, international law in Asia;
promotion of contacts and cooperation between persons and institutions actively dealing with questions of international law relating to Asia.
In pursuit of these purposes, dila has regularly organized international conferences bringing together international legal scholars from around the world to present on issues and topics pertinent to the Asian continent.
The 2015 dila International Conference was held on 16 October 2015 at the Faculty of Law, Hasanuddin University (unhas) in Makassar, Indonesia. The theme of the conference was “Asian Perspectives on the Role and Impact of Non-State Actors in International Law: From Westphalia to World Community?” While States are the principal actors in international relations and have international legal personality, non-State actors have taken on a more prominent role within the international system. The conference was intended to provide Asian perspectives on the impact of non-State actors, particularly within the Asian context.
The conference commenced with welcome addresses by Professor Seokwoo Lee as Chairman of dila, Professor of International Law, Inha University Law School in Korea and Dr. Dwia Ariestina Pulubuhu, Rector of Hasanuddin University.
Session 1 which focused on the impact of non-State actors in relation to Indonesia was chaired by Kevin Y.L. Tan, Professor (Adjunct), Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore and formerly Editor-in-Chief of the Asian Yearbook of International Law. In his remarks, Professor Tan mentioned that the international system has come a long way from Brierly’s description of international law being a law of nations. The presentations from session 1 and the other sessions that followed reflect the reality that international law does not only concern nation-States, but also the growing importance of non-State actors within the international system. Dr. Winner Sitorus, Senior Lecturer
Session 2 was moderated by Dr. Maskun Zulkifli of the Faculty of Law of Hasanuddin University which examined the role of non-State actors in the context of human rights on conflict resolution. Professor Buhm-Suk Baek who teaches in the College of International Studies of Kyung Hee University in Korea presented on “International Human Rights and Role of ngos: The Experience of Korea.” His presentation was followed by Dr. Dwia Ariestina Pulubuhu, the Rector of Hasanuddin University on “The Role of Non-State Actors in Conflict Resolution in the asean Countries.”
Session 3 was chaired by Hee Eun Lee who is Associate Dean and Professor of Law at Handong International Law School in Korea and was the Executive Editor of the Asian Yearbook of International Law. Following up on Professor Tan’s comments in session 1, Professor Lee observed that implicit in Brierly’s description is that legal personality is accorded only to nations or what we call States today. From this older perspective, States are the only object and subject of international law. He remarked that the object and subject of the international legal system are not only States, but also includes non-State actors. The focus of this session was examining the role of non-State actors in the context of human rights and also environmental protection. Kanami Ishibashi, associate professor at Tokyo University of Foreign Studies in Japan presented on “The Role of Non-State Actors in Human Rights and Environmental Protection” while Mr. Rafendi Djamin, Representative of Indonesia to the asean Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights looked at “The Role of csos in Mainstreaming Human Rights Values in asean Countries.”
The final session on the role of non-State actors in the territorial and boundary disputes was moderated by Hikmahanto Juwana who is Professor of International Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Indonesia. Professor Seokwoo Lee described “The Role of Non-State Actors in Territorial and Boundary Disputes.” His presentation was followed by I Made Andi Arsana of the Faculty of Geodesy, Gajah Mada University, Indonesia who presented on “The Role of Non-State Actors in the Settlement of Territorial Boundaries Disputes in Indonesia.” Professor Seokwoo Lee concluded the conference with his closing remarks.
The following day on 17 October dila opened the 2015 dila Academy and Workshop entitled “The Making Of International Law In Indonesia.” The purpose of the academy and workshop is to provide an opportunity for faculty and students at the host institution to learn about the important international
Session 1 of the dila Academy and Workshop was entitled “Indonesia’s Encounter with the Modern International Legal System” and was moderated by Kevin Y.L. Tan. Dr. R. Herlambang and P. Wiratraman of Airlangga University in Indonesia spoke on “Indonesia’s Encounter with ‘Modern’ International Legal System and its Impact toward the Indonesian Legal System.”
The focus of Session 2 was on the “The Legacy and Impact of Colonialism,” which was chaired by Professor Seokwoo Lee. Dr. Shidarta of Bina Nusantara University in Indonesia presented on “The Legacy of Colonialism in Shaping the Indonesian Legal System.”
Session 3 was entitled “Indonesia’s Contribution to the Development of International Law” and was moderated by Professor Hee Eun Lee. Professor Hikmahanto Juwana explained the “Making of Archipelagic State Concept in the unclos” while Dr. Andri G. Wibisana, Professor of International Law of the Faculty of Law, Universitas Indonesia, discussed “The Role of Indonesia in Shaping Legal Basis to Reduce Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation.”
The final session, “Other International Legal Issues Affecting Indonesia” was chaired by Professor Kevin Y.L. Tan. Mr. Anang Noegroho of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of Indonesia looked at “The Indonesian Government Efforts to Include iuu-Fishing as Trans-national Organized Crimes.” Afterwards, Professor Seokwoo Lee closed the 2015 dila Academy and Workshop with some concluding thoughts and final remarks.
Seokwoo Lee, Inha University Law School
Hee Eun Lee, Handong International Law School