Available in All Colors! Remarks on Some Masks from the Late Bronze Age Levant

in Overturning Certainties in Near Eastern Archaeology

In the late second millennium, a number of similar artifacts occurred over a large geographic area, from the Mediterranean to Mesopotamia and Elam, with a larbe base in the Levant. Footed ridged cups, lentoid pyxis, duck box, figural goblets, personal ornaments, and chariot fittings were artifacts displayed during ceremonial or social events, such as banquets. Often produced in different materials, local or imported clay wares, faïence and glass, alabaster, precious metal, or ivory, these artifacts composed “sets” of pleasantly contrasting colors and texture. This paper concentrates on a type of pendant in the shape of a human face, produced in faience and ivory. Craftsmen enlarged their range of commodities on offer by designing artifacts in several versions, using different materials and colors. As a production strategy, this may provide a better understanding of the sophisticated international culture at the end of the Late Bronze Age.

Overturning Certainties in Near Eastern Archaeology

A Festschrift in Honor of K. Aslıhan Yener

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