From Pure Reason to Vital Reason: A Few Remarks on Ratiovitalism by José Ortega y Gasset

In: Rationality and Decision Making
Author: Krzysztof Polit

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The original theory of the vital reason, often referred to as ratio-vitalism is of the authorship of the Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset. In the article, attempts have been made to present this conception as an example of application of classic principle of moderation in the philosophy of the twentieth century. On the one hand, Ortega criticises the modern rationalist outlook – unable to capture the changeable world of vital phenomena, on the other hand, he acknowledges its exceptional role in creating the Western civilization.