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Index1940s149, 152, 154, 157, 229, 230, 231, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 2442016 U.S. Presidential Election183Adorno, Theodorexii, 54, 57, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 114, 122, 144, 145, 160Advertisingx, 5, 9, 13, 15, 17, 18, 20, 22, 25, 28, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 39, 116, 117, 118, 144, 167, 191, 200, 235, 237, 240, 324Alienation36, 50, 55, 64, 66, 89, 117, 188, 191Alternative Media109, 236, 241, 272, 273Althusser, Louis2, 44, 57, 69, 70, 77, 79, 80, 85, 86, 97, 103, 200American Empire177, 180, 181Atrocity267, 271Authoritarian Populismxiii, 46, 184, 194, 196, 197Breen, Joseph257, 259, 262Capitalismv, viii, x, xiii, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20,21, 22, 25, 27, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43, 44, 47, 49, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 61, 63, 64, 65, 67, 71, 76, 79, 86, 88, 90, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 103, 104, 105, 107, 110, 113, 114, 116, 117, 119, 120, 121, 122, 143, 145, 146, 154, 155, 157, 162, 166, 171, 179, 180, 183, 187, 189, 190, 224, 225, 256, 257, 264, 265, 293, 327Capitalist Realism41, 43, 56, 57Censorship82, 256, 257, 260, 304, 306, 307, 308, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, 319, 321, 324Chinaviii, xv, 12, 13, 22, 23, 27, 29, 33, 38, 40, 124, 135, 136, 162, 165, 166, 167, 168,169, 178, 179, 180, 207, 209, 214, 217, 270, 271, 272, 299, 300, 302, 304, 305, 306, 308, 309, 310, 313, 315, 317, 318, 319, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328CIA163, 166, 178, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 214, 220, 221, 275, 279, 284Clinton, Hillary192, 195, 198, 204, 205, 217Coercionvii, 2, 7, 10, 17, 30, 97, 99, 107, 109, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 148, 162, 169, 170, 227Cold Warvi, 163, 171, 178, 194, 199, 201, 202, 203, 205, 207, 209, 210, 211, 213, 214, 215, 217, 218, 219, 221, 222, 223, 243, 270, 272, 273, 295Commercial Media4, 20, 28, 229, 231, 237, 240, 241, 242, 244, 312Commercialization12, 28, 300, 301, 302, 328Communicationviii, x, xi, xii, xiii, xiv, xv, 14, 20, 21, 23, 25, 27, 28, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 44, 45, 60, 63, 81, 85, 90, 98, 102, 104, 105, 109, 111, 112, 114, 115, 116, 119, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 132, 133, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 145, 164, 165, 171, 172, 173, 174, 177, 180, 181, 185, 230, 231, 233, 236, 237, 238, 242, 244, 247, 248, 253, 258, 261, 265, 299, 326, 327, 328Communism12, 47, 51, 209, 256, 263Conjunctural Moments232, 233Consentvii, 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 30, 33, 35, 36, 37, 46, 90, 93, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 102, 107, 109, 112, 113, 116, 118, 119, 120, 121, 161, 171, 173, 244Consumerismv, 5, 6, 11, 13, 15, 20, 31, 33, 36, 37, 40, 47, 68, 79, 84, 145Consumption4, 6, 9, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 57, 66, 98, 113, 220, 2276, 301, 327, 328Corporate Media236Counter-hegemonic51, 108, 109, 176, 177, 233, 250, 263Crimea202, 212, 214, 215, 216, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 294, 295, 296, 297Critical Junctures230, 231, 234, 235Critical Media Studies232Critical Theoryxii, 45, 74, 77, 85, 88Cultural Hegemonyv, x, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 39Cultural Industriesv, 19, 144, 162, 163, 164, 165, 167, 168, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 179Culturev, x, xi, xii, xiii, xiv, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 24, 25, 28, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43, 45, 51, 53, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 70, 74, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 92, 94, 95, 104, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113,114, 115, 121, 122, 123, 124, 127, 130, 136, 140, 144, 146, 150, 151, 152, 156, 157, 160, 163, 170, 174, 178, 179, 180, 181, 183, 186, 187, 189, 192, 196, 200, 201, 202, 204, 205, 210, 223, 228, 233, 234, 246, 247, 250, 305, 309, 310, 314, 325, 326, 327, 328Debord, Guy185, 187, 197Defense46, 49, 51, 66, 163, 166, 170, 171, 177, 179, 182, 205, 207, 212, 213, 217, 225, 272, 275, 282, 284, 287Democratic Theory324Deregulation9, 14, 18, 26, 28, 33, 302Digital Laborv, xi, 107, 108, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 120, 121Distorted Knowledgev125, 130, 131, 132, 135, 137, 138, 139Dominant Culture4, 15, 43, 45, 95Dominant Ideology93, 98, 223, 321Engels, Friedrich3, 57, 62, 63, 101Entertainmentx, xiv, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 28, 29, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 39, 122, 126, 136, 144, 157, 172, 173, 175, 178, 181, 182, 187, 194, 195, 213, 221, 299, 307, 308, 312, 313, 314, 318, 322Environmental Issues225, 227Existential Truths125, 126, 127, 128, 130, 131, 133, 134, 137, 138, 139, 141, 142Facebookvii, 107, 108, 114, 115, 116, 118, 119, 120, 121, 123, 124, 129, 136, 166, 167, 171, 173, 177, 184Fascism71, 76, 84, 89, 95, 112, 188, 191, 192, 262FCC (Federal Communications Commission)237, 238, 239, 240, 241,  242, 244Films9, 11, 13, 14, 29, 30, 31, 151, 156, 167, 172, 188, 213, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 263, 264Frankfurt School69, 74, 76, 83, 144, 145Freelance21Fromm, Erich188, 193, 197Gatekeeping30, 173, 243Global Mediav, xi, xv, 4, 5, 11, 12, 16, 19, 20, 25, 33, 37, 39, 40, 144, 236, 246Gramsci, Antonioxi, 1, 2, 7, 9, 10, 14, 39, 43, 49, 57, 69, 70, 80, 85, 87, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 100, 102, 103, 105, 106, 107, 111, 112, 113, 121, 123, 144, 154, 200, 232, 234, 246Greenwald, Glenn202, 203, 218, 221Hays, William249, 250, 251, 255, 256, 257, 260, 262, 264, 266Hegemonies127, 136Hegemonyv, vi, vii, viii, x, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 31, 34, 35, 36, 37, 43, 46, 48, 51, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 111, 112, 113, 115, 118, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 142, 143, 144, 146, 152, 156, 158, 159, 178, 200, 232, 233, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 265, 291Historical Materialism106, 111Historicizing113, 231Hitler75, 188, 189, 195, 208, 218, 221Hollywoodvi, xi, xii, xiii, 19, 23, 26, 27, 39, 167, 172, 173, 178, 186, 213, 248, 249, 253, 254, 256, 257, 259, 260, 262, 263, 266Hybrid experiences126, 130Ideological Hegemony97, 99, 103Ideology critiquev, 56, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 76, 79, 80, 81, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87ıMF (International Monetary Fund)155, 211, 270, 272Inflexibility26Intellectualxi, 1, 19, 28, 38, 42, 45, 46, 53, 56, 60, 67, 73, 78, 81, 84, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 103, 110, 136, 139, 154, 177, 220, 223, 225, 227, 232, 234, 244, 245, 250, 323Intelligencevii, viii, xi, 163, 166, 169, 170, 172, 180, 198, 199, 204, 207, 208, 209, 213, 219, 220, 274, 279, 280, 283, 285, 285, 286, 288, 294, 295Investigation22, 200, 207, 209, 214, 269, 275, 279, 280, 281, 282, 283, 285, 291, 293, 294, 297Knowledge Societies130, 131, 135, 138, 139, 141, 142Labor Movement43, 44, 234, 235, 245Lenin, V.I.iv, 1, 3, 91, 93, 94, 100, 101, 102, 112Long-termxiv, 5, 126, 127, 131, 134, 135, 138, 139, 141, 243, 245Mainstream Journalism225, 227Mainstream Media109, 123, 144, 156, 157, 158, 187, 198, 200, 201, 206, 208, 212, 213, 215, 220, 267, 268, 273, 284, 287, 291Marcuse, Herbertxiii, 43, 44, 45, 57, 76, 79, 83, 88, 144, 145, 146, 159, 160, 196, 197Marx, Karlxiv, 1, 3, 5, 39, 48, 49, 50, 57, 62, 63, 64, 66, 69, 70, 73, 75, 85, 88, 90, 100, 101, 102, 105, 106, 107, 117, 123, 144, 232, 246, 253Marxismv, xii, xiii, xv, 38, 41, 43, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55, 56, 57, 63, 65, 75, 88, 91, 100, 106, 110, 111, 115, 122, 160, 232, 246, 318, 319, 320Mao Zedong Thought318, 319, 320Mass Communication44, 45, 81, 123, 124, 145, 180, 181, 326Materialism40, 58, 106, 108, 109, 110, 111, 123Media Activismvi, xiv, 230, 237, 247Media Democracyxiv, 229, 236, 238, 242, 246Media Entertainment6, 10, 11, 16, 19, 36, 178Media History229Media Justice236Media Policyxv, 229, 231, 236, 238, 241, 243, 245, 246Media Reform20, 229, 230, 231, 232, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246Media Spectaclexiii, 176, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 195, 197MH17vi, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298Middle East11, 12, 210, 211Militainment172, 173, 174, 175, 177, 180, 181Militarismv, xiv, 84, 162, 163, 164, 168, 170, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 194Morals60, 128, 260NAFTA225NATO201, 205, 212, 215, 216, 217, 220, 222, 270, 271, 272, 274, 275, 280, 281, 291, 296Norbert, Eliasxiv, 130, 135, 140, 141Normalization41Normative140, 229, 230, 231, 235, 265, 309Obama, Barack169, 185, 187, 190, 191, 193, 197, 198, 201, 202, 203, 206, 211, 215, 218, 221Peace13, 131, 132, 141, 158, 169, 175, 176, 181, 189, 196, 207, 217, 220, 239, 260Political Economy4, 6, 7, 16, 18, 19, 39, 40, 96, 115, 123, 143, 164, 179, 180, 201, 256, 326, 328Political Control301, 318Popular Culturex, 13, 16, 18, 41, 43, 61, 90, 152, 160, 174, 178, 309Political Economy of Mediaxiv, 180Postwar100, 201, 203, 231, 237, 242, 244, 245, 246Post-WWıı225Privatization9, 12, 14, 19, 27, 300, 301, 302, 304Propagandavi, vii, x, xiv, 1, 2, 56, 86, 101, 102, 103, 158, 174, 176, 178, 181, 188, 192, 200, 208, 209, 213, 220, 222, 238, 262, 267, 268, 269, 271, 273, 277, 278, 281, 290, 291, 293, 294, 295, 297, 300, 301, 309, 312,313, 315, 316, 318, 319, 320, 321, 324, 325, 326Public Media4, 34, 242Putin, Vladimir201, 207, 208, 211, 218, 221, 268, 272, 276, 278, 279, 280, 284, 286, 291, 292, 296Reconfiguration226Regime Changexv, 199, 205, 210, 212, 218, 221, 222Repressive Powerv, viii, 125, 135, 137, 138, 139Revolutionary Songsv, 143, 157Riefenstahl, Leni188Russia1, 20, 33, 34, 91, 92, 101, 102, 112, 162, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 176, 180, 201, 205, 206, 207, 208, 210, 211, 212, 213, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 256, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 276, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 290, 292, 293, 294, 296, 297, 298Russophobia216, 217, 219Security17, 128, 132, 140, 157, 158, 162, 163, 166, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 199, 202, 203, 204, 206, 207, 212, 213, 214, 216, 270, 290, 294, 328Social Classes7, 8, 15, 18, 31, 34, 92, 98Social Democracy46, 49Social Movementsxi, 37, 42, 43, 45, 53, 56, 127, 139, 175, 209, 225, 235, 236, 243, 244Social Phenomena109, 231Socialism40, 42, 46, 49, 52, 55, 58, 87, 88, 93, 105, 188, 209, 307, 309Socialist Program48Soft Power162, 180State Legitimacyvi, 198, 200, 201Stratification61, 62Subcultural43Televisionvi, xiv, 3, 5, 6, 9, 11, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 79, 122, 127, 137, 143, 144, 151, 156, 157, 158, 159, 173, 175, 180, 182, 213, 220, 238, 240, 241, 247, 257, 282, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 326, 327, 328The Culture Industry67, 70, 74, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 160The Great Refusal145, 146, 156TNCC (Transnational Capitalist Class)9, 10, 12, 15, 16, 17, 30TNMC (Transnational Media Corporation)5, 6, 11, 12, 14, 16, 19, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31Totality of Society4Transnational System22, 26Transnationalizing22Trump, Donaldvi, vii, xiii, 163, 166, 169, 175, 179, 181, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 201, 203, 205, 206, 208, 217, 218, 221, 271Ukraineix, 169, 202, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 221, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 279, 280, 282, 283, 285, 286, 287, 288, 291, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298US Foreign Policy178, 268US Mediavi, 184, 198, 235, 273War Propagandaxiv, 174, 176, 208, 213, 220, 290, 292Westernxiii, 49, 57, 92, 97, 114, 120, 131, 132, 167, 212, 214, 215, 217, 219, 248, 249, 254, 267, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 276, 277, 279, 284, 288, 291, 298, 299, 317, 324WikiLeaks176, 203, 204, 206, 207, 209, 216, 217, 221Williams, Raymondviii, 35, 40, 43, 49, 58, 92, 96, 103, 106, 107, 110, 111, 113, 121Wolff, Kurt H.125, 126, 128, 130, 131, 134, 136, 137, 139, 141, 142Working-Class9, 35, 38, 46, 47, 49, 50, 53, 55, 94, 198, 203WTO (World Trade Organization)18, 300, 301, 302, 304, 317, 326, 328