The Belt and Road Initiative is an important contribution to both the theory and the practice of the right to development. Since China’s reform and opening up, the Chinese government has put the right to life and the right to development as the priority of human rights over other rights, and this has greatly facilitated the rapid economic development in China. Nowadays, the Belt and Road Initiative has linked those countries along the road to “a Community of Shared Future”. Countries within this Community not only enjoy the right to development with relevant responsibilities, rights and benefits, but they also enjoy the win-win cooperation of the right to development as well. Therefore, the Belt and Road Initiative enriches the Declaration on the Right to Development adopted by the United Nations, meanwhile the “Community of Shared Future” consisting of related nations will become an entity with a high profile to boost the right to development.