Der präreflexive Grund des Bewusstseins: Eine transzendentalphilosophische Interpretation Nāgārjunas

in Das Nichts und das Sein
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Abstract

The article recapitulates the different phases of the western interpretation of Nāgārjuna (2nd–3rd century CE) and aims, proceeding from a foundation enriched by a critique of them, to obtain elements of a renewed transcendental-philosophical interpretation of the philosophy of emptiness (śūnyatā), such as was initiated by Fyodor Ippolitovich Stcherbatsky (1866–1942) in his approach inspired by Immanuel Kant (1724–1804). Based primarily on Johann Gottlieb Fichte’s (1762–1814) transcendental logic and Wissenschaftslehre a systematic reconstruction of Nāgārjuna’s thought is undertaken. Taking up an insight of Bhavya/Bhā(va)viveka (500–570 CE), we suggest that the absolute (tattva) known by Nāgārjuna as pre-reflexive being-conscious is the concept-bound appearance of the absolute in the medium of prapañca (saprapañca/paryāya-paramārtha) and not the absolute itself dispensed from prapañca (niṣprapañca/aparyāya-paramārtha), which as the unthinkable beyond of all thinking can be immediately realized in actuality only by the self-annihilation of thinking (prapañca-upaśama). This will bring to light the cognitive yield of Nāgārjuna’s effort, which is of a transcendental nature avant la lettre, and which makes him a witness for the claim to universality of transcendental-philosophical knowledge, beyond Europe.

Das Nichts und das Sein

Buddhistische Wissenstheorien und Transzendentalphilosophie

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