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Index of Ancient SourcesHebrew BibleGenesis1:7882:2–3167–68n92:24167–68n93:191129:4167–68n915:10135n851720, 167–68n917:10–14167–68n922:11170n1728:13–1520n4135:1–320n4135:2289n380Exodus12167–68n9161651916719–2418, 27n5420–237, 1320:10167–68n924:1217024:12–18167, 16925–3019, 2125–3118-192919-2030–311931:13–17167–68n933:12–16170n173415, 18–22, 26, 27n5435–4018–19, 2135:19174019–20Leviticus3:10167–68n9111012:2–5167–68n916167–68n917–262120:2–5167–68n920:11167–68n920:12167–68n92310, 1923:6–8167–68n925:36–3740n42262226:4220n41Numbers15:25–26167–68n924:14–244925–36625:1628–2910–11, 19–203016n34Deuteronomy4:131704:44–4527n53715, 188:15190n369:26–291731216n3412:2616n341316n34141012–1516n33, 2112–162212:17–18167–68n914:22–23167–68n916–1716nn33–34, 2116:18–2016n3416:18–17:202216:21–17:1–316n3417:1617:1–316n3417:2617:2–416n3417:54n717:717n3417:8–1317n3417:12–1317n3417:14–206186, 16n34, 2218–2318, 2218:20–224n822:6–84n82316n3424:19–20167–68n927:24167–68n928–302232:334134:5–66Joshua2:163:161 Samuel11:172n662 Samuel3:27205n552 Kings18:26158Ruth1:14–1529444n57Psalms3710738–4410245109747710477Qoheleth7:1944n57Song of Songs1:2120–21n211:15120–21n212:7120–21n212:81302:9129–302:9–171292:9b–10a119n172:10b–14120n182:12135n842:12–13118n62:131362:141182:151302:15–161302:15–3:4a119n172:16120–21n21, 1362:17120–21n21, 1303:11313:1–51313:1–111313:2118n63:2–5120–21n213:41313:4b119, 1313:5119n17, 120–21n213:6130–313:6–81313:6–111313:7–81313:9–11119n173:11131, 138n944:1120–21n21, 129, 1324:1–3120n184:1–5:11324:1b–2.3b120–21n214:4–71324:5119, 120–21n21, 1324:6120–21n21, 1324:8129, 132, 133n764:8–11120n184:10120–21n214:11132n744:14–15120n184:15132n744:16119n17, 132–335:1132–33, 137, 1405:1a120n185:1b120n185:21195:2–41305:2–5119n135:6–8120–21n215:8120–21n216:3120–21n216:5b–7120–21n216:11120–21n217:1–101307:3–4119n137:4120–21n217:8–91307:8–10119n137:11120–21n217:12–13119n137:13120–21n218:1–2119n138:4120–21n218:14120–21n21Isaiah3:6205n555:619036:1115736:11–1215736:1215740:318740:1415040:14–2014940:15–1615040:2015040:2615741:6205n5551:615763:9170n1765:1515665:15–16156Jeremiah2:6190n373:15593:15–1953, 573:16593:1759, 60n26, 733:18593:19597:1–26:10697:1562n367:24737:28–9:1562n367:2962n36, 72n66, 747:29–3072n667:29–8:3717:29–9:10727:30–8:362n36, 69, 71–72, 758:3–472n668:463, 72n668:4–5628:762n368:962n368:10b–12629:562n369:662n369:11739:11–15739:1362n36, 73–749:1473–7410:106210:1162n3611:3–670n5811:87311:1070n5812:13–1670n5816:127317:1062n3617:1162n3617:1362n3617:1862n3617:18a62n3618:127318:1762n3618:2362n36227022:962n3622:112052470267026:1070n5826:18190n3734:18–19135n8548:29–3161n34Ezekiel13:1041Daniel11–124911:3934Hosea10:12112Joel2:23112Nahum2:12b49Habakkuk1:101123102Zephaniah2:9190Wisdom5:7190n3611:2190n36SeptuagintDeuteronomy6:427n53Jeremiah11:18–12:674n7115:10–2174n7117:14–1874n7118:18–2374n7120:7–1874n71Deuterocanonical Books1 Maccabees1:39190n367:3343n5212:64314:204314:2843n5214:4443n5214:4743n522 Maccabees3:4–4:1344:9344:1534Pseudepigrapha1 Enoch5:189n385:389n385:689n386–7786–1177–78, 84, 86n30, 88–916:1846:284, 876:5–6847867:1847:3–584, 867:4857:684, 86n32878, 84, 868:137, 858:1–386n328:284n26, 868:384n268:484n26, 869–11789:1879:118710:18710:1–1587–8810:178710:198728:1190n375488–8954:68854:7–55:28854:88877:4190n3781:217289:3–68894:8b8998:4a8998:4b8998:5892 Enoch18:4882 Baruch19072:1–73:265Jubilees1:1169–711:5171n211:5–71721:5–181701:7171n211:131741:181741:19–21170, 1731:19–221721:211741:221731:22–261701:231741:26171n211:26–291701:27171, 1731:29169–70, 1722–50172–732:1170, 171n18, 171n212:2170n172:17170n172:17–33167–68n93:8–14167–68nn9–103:30–31167–68n94:2–6167–68n94:1589–90n384:31–32167–68nn9–105:1–2886:15–22167–68n9, 168n116:19–22171n186:34–381126:35–38171n1812:22170n1712:25–2719713:25–27167–68n915:11–14167–68n915:23–34167–68n915:33171n1816:5171n1816:20–31167–68n918:10170n1718:17–19167–68n921:5–20167–68n923:32171n2128:6–7167–68n9, 168n1130167–68n930:12171n18, 171n2130:17171n1830:21171n18, 171n213120n4132:9–15167–68n933:9–20167–68n933:18171n2134:12–19167–68n941:16–28167–68n948:4–13171n1849167–68n950:1–2171n1850:4171n1850:6171n18, 171n2150:12167–68n950:13171n18Damascus DocumentCD1:10–11108n532–206n142:6–7204n523:12–4:126n144:4–6454:1942n485:11–121996:14–15396:17–18397:4–5187n297:6388:8–1242n488:9–11418:1342n4811:17–233912:6–1139n37, 4012:839n3712:8–93913:15–173914:124514:12–174015–166n1415:5–174415:13–153920:2187n2920:5187n2920:7187n2920:28107n5120:32107n51Qumran Dead Sea Scrolls1QHa9:301999:36187n2910:8–9192n441QIsaa121, 138n92, 139n95, 2051214217:3014129:15–181573315033:14–16, 1914942:19–2215752:22–241561QM149n771:1192n441:3190n366:15507:6–7183n147:9–103812:3204n5214:7187n2915–19491QpHab21102:1–21112:1–31132:1–5111n652:2110n592:5–101092:8–9110n604:3–91124:5–6474:11–12475:6204n525:11113n756:1–54771117:3–51117:4–5110n608:13–9:7489:6–74710:5–1311311:4–6192n441QS1421:4421:13187n292:2187n292:19–231793:10187n293:20187n293:21–22904:2187n294:14204n524:15187n294:17187n294:18–24914:22187n295:1–7a6n145:6435:7b6n145:8–10465:10425:131805:23–241806:3b–7436:4–91806:8436:8–9436:10–111806:13–23446:16–18446:23456:24–7:25183n137:13–1438, 1838:1438:5438:5–6428:9438:10–11187n298:121888:12–161878:22187n299:5–642–439:12–211889:19187n2913:1b–3431Q511 4204n522Q13 (2QJer)56–57, 61, 642Q16 (2QRutha)1214Q22 (4QpaleoExodm)155n4081424Q27 (4QNumb)2054Q41 (4QDeutn)1424Q51 (4QSama)142, 205n5510:6–972n664Q70 (4QJera)2 162n363 + 4 i 4–562n364 i 362n364 i 4624 i 862n364 i 1062n364 ii 162n364 ii + 8–10734 + 5 i 14–16628 462n3611 26211 4–562n361470n5817–2070n5826 ii 262n3626 ii 362n3626 ii 462n3626 ii 762n3628 262n3629 ii 362n3629 ii 1262n3633 + 34 962n363670n584Q71 (4QJerb)55, 60–614Q72 (4QJerc)55, 60, 2054Q72a (4QJerd)55, 60–614Q106 (4QCanta)1174Q107 (4QCantb)1121–22, 130, 1371:11301:1–131291:4135, 1391:71361:9134, 1391:111361:131351:14–2:131312119, 122, 1372–41372:81372:131392:14–4:141323121n233:5–9121n233:6–7132, 1373:81393:12139n953:14136, 1394121n22, 122, 1324Q108 (4QCantc)1174Q109 (4QQoha)1214Q111 (4QLam)1214Q162 (4QpIsab)2:1106n494Q163 (4QpIsac)23 ii 10106n494Q166 (4QpHosa)2:15–171124Q169 (4QpNah)3–4 i 1–3105n423–4 i 2–3493–4 i 7353–4 ii 21143–4 ii 8–91144Q171 (4QpPsa)1–10 i 25–ii 11141–10 iii 1–2192n441–10 iii 14–17108n53, 109n561–10 iv 26–27109n581–10 iv 27–v 11124Q177 (4QCatena A)1:8–9192n444Q1781 2204n524Q179 (4QapocrLam A)1 i 12190n364Q180 (4QAgesCreat A)1 1106n494Q202 (4QEnb ar)1 ii 28864Q204 (4QEnc ar)1 v 587n4Q216 (4QJuba)1424Q252 (4QcommGen A)2:1–6150–512:3–5150, 151n282:41514Q254a (4QcommGen D)3 1–2151n284Q257 (4QSc)204n524Q258 (4QSd)2044Q259 (4QSe)183n13, 204n524Q261 (4QSg)183n134Q265 (4QMiscellaneous Rules)1 1–2183n134Q266 (4QDa)10 ii 2–15183n134Q267 (4QDb)3 7107n514 9–1040n424Q270 (4QDe)2 i 2107n517 i 1–11183n134Q385a–4Q390 (Apocryphon of Jeremiah C)534Q391 (4QpsEzeke)12 1204n524Q394 (4QMMTa)3–7 ii 16–181898 iv 5–71898 iv 81898 iv 8–91898 vi1894Q397 (4QMMTd)6–131894Q400 (4QShirShabba)1 i 15204n524Q464 (4QExposition on the Patriarchs)1974Q511 (4QShirb)10 8187n2963 iii 3187n295Q6 (5QLama)1216Q6 (6QCant)117, 12111Q5 (11QPsa)20511Q19 (11QTa)1421–217218–24, 262–59222:1–15102:1–13:893–13203–2920–21, 243–39213–4715, 17, 18n36, 19–21, 243–47 + 48–51223–51223:1–13:810, 173:1–13:13173:1–30:2173:1–30:141713–2910–11, 2413:8–29:21013:9–29:3a1713:9–30:2913:14–29:151721–2424n452918–20, 22, 2329:2–30:21029:3b–30:215, 1729:15b–30:1415, 1730–4718n36, 20–21, 2430:3–31:9a1030:3–47:189, 1730:15–47:261731:9b1031:10–34:12a1034:12b–141034:15–35:9a1035:9b1035:10–39:5a10382439:5–11a1039:11b–40:51040:61040:7–43:12a1041–422443:12b–171044:1–45:7a1045–4715, 17, 18n36, 19–20, 2345:7b–181045:10–1417n3646:1–11a1046:3–1217n3646:11b–121046:13–16183n1446:13–47:21047:3–517n3647:3–181047:10–1117n3647:172047:17–1817n364810, 17, 20n4048–5115n31, 16, 19, 21, 2448–6615, 17, 2148:1–10a1048:1–51:109, 1848:1–51:171848:7–82148:10–112148:11–171048:16–172148:19–202149:1–51:5a105116n34, 18, 20n40, 21–2351–561651–56 + 59:1–13a2251–56 + 59:1–20a2251–571651–5916–17, 20–22, 24, 2651–6616n3351:5b–1015, 1851:5b–111051:6–72151:7–82151:82151:9–102151:11–1316n3451:11–181051:11–56:111851:11–56:211051:11–59:211851:12b–1715, 1851:13–142151:14–152151:152151:17–182151:18–2016n3451:18–56:181851:18–59:281851:19–21105216n3452–55652:1–121052:13b–211053:1–56:211055:20–214n75617n3456–581656–592456–60656:12–141856:19–211857–58 + 59:13b–212257–58 + 59:20b–282257–5910, 16–175917n34, 18, 21–2359:1–211859:2–211559:9–2815, 1859:132259:2022602260–6615–18, 22, 24, 2660:1–66:171060:2–111060:12–63:14a1061:1–54n863:14b–151064:1–6a1064:6b–13a1064:13b–66:9a1065:2–74n866:9b1066:10–12a1066:12b–1710The Schøyen CollectionMS 4612/9 (4Q[?]Jer)54, 57–61, 64, 74l. 159l. 259l. 359, 60n26l. 459l. 5–660n27ll. 559l. 659Ancient Jewish WorksJosephusAgainst Apion2.52–113160Jewish Antiquities11.329–33943n5214.2033618.18–2236n3018.1936Judaean War1.154362.123372.137372.141376.31647PhiloAllegorical Interpretation2.84190n36New TestamentMatthew23:2742n4724:15190n36Mark5:1–202913:14190n36Luke21:20190n361 Corinthians11:1089–90n38Hebrews10:10152Jude20–25159Rabbinic textsb. ʿAbod. Zar.15a39n37b. Sanh.101a128n56b. Taʿan.26b131n7131a138n94m. ʿAbod. Zar.1:639n37m. Pesaḥ4:339n37m. Taʿan.4:8138n94m. Tamid5:1118n11, 135n83Pirqe Rabbi Eliezer2289–90n38t. Sanh.12:10128n56y. Ber.9:288y. Pesaḥ439n3730d39n3731a39n37Other SourcesApollodorus3.4.180Aristotle, Poetics1449b–1450b125n381462a127n53Chester Beatty Papyus II (GA P46)Folio 31v line 5151–52GilgameshVIII Manuscript m1158Gula HymnManuscript a152–53Hymn to AphroditeManuscript M 4–5158–59P.Bodmer VII (GA P72)159Shabaka Stone(BM EA 498)148Strabo, Geography13.1.54153Sumerian King List146–47TertullianThe Apparel of Women1.2–389–90n382.1089–90n38The Veiling of Virgins7.289–90n38Testament of Abraham12190n36

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Study of the Humanities

Method, Theory, Meaning: Proceedings of the Eighth Meeting of the International Organization for Qumran Studies (Munich, 4–7 August, 2013)

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