Index

In: Martin Buber
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IndexAbsolute, the12, 15–17, 19, 21, 24–27, 30, 177, 182, 210, 273, 286–87abstraction24, 58, 146–47, 171, 178, 183, 207–208, 221, 274, 278, 281, 287, 300Abu-Odeh, Lama110, 111academia142–43, 202–203Hebrew University, University of Chicagoacknowledgement106–107, 129, 141action50, 64, 72, 101, 126, 160, 162, 177–79, 181, 187–88, 191, 213, 219, 223–24, 227, 230, 232n, 247, 256, 267, 276, 279–80, 282and community83, 96, 132, 134, 147actualization182n63, 184, 224, 232n25, 269n33self-actualizationaddress18, 48, 100, 114, 124, 129, 180, 224, 225, 244, 246–48, 266devotio, pronouns, I-Thou relationsAdorno, Theodor86–87, 95aesthetics87–89, 142, 151–52, 154–55, 158, 162–64, 166–68, 170, 224, 236–37agency21, 60, 180–81, 230, 268aggadah (narrative/legend)100, 100n45Ahaz70, 227, 228, 228n19Ahad Ha’am37, 115n5, 117, 118, 155, 210R. Akiva100alienation68, 174, 183, 241, 250allegory215, 260, 261–62, 267, 272Altmann, Alexander23, 31Americanization42, 64anarchism9, 101, 133n6, 153Buber’s38n17, 53n73, 66, 67, 69, 72, 96, 136, 137, 187German Revolution, the; Landauer, Gustavanarchist theopolitics66–69, 85–86, 98anarchist utopia133, 134anarchy83, 196–97religious35, 38–39, 42, 53, 53n73, 72, 76Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry145–46anthropology136, 167, 170, 172–74, 177–79, 182–89, 214anti-intellectualism300anti-Judaism66–67, 73–76anti-Semitismantimonarchism82, 180anti-Semitism119, 121–23anti-Judaismanti-Zionism42n34, 105, 118, 121–22, 125apocalyptic, the51, 73, 175, 262, 262n16, 263–64apophatic theology3, 9, 14–16, 18n73Arabic112Arabs85, 97–98, 105–107, 115, 117, 120, 126–27, 139n28, 144–46PalestiniansArendt, Hannah105, 106, 108, 116, 117, 118, 128, 170Aristotle81, 167, 173, 181, 297–99, 300n87art129, 154–58, 165–70, 178art history154, 170astonishment220–21, 252atheism5n11, 8, 9, 12, 14–15, 25, 29, 30, 176, 186attah (you)17–20, 18n72, 18n75Aufhebung (sublation/suspension)68, 68n9, 77, 272, 272n45Hegel, Georg Wilhelm FriedrichAuftrag (commission)94–95authenticity12, 47, 51–53, 115, 182, 194, 219, 223, 227, 246, 248–50, 252–53, 256–57authoritarianism66n1, 73, 84, 88, 138n23, 250autonomy110, 239axis mundi185Ba‘al Shem Tov, the35–39, 39n20, 42, 43, 43n36, 45–49, 51, 52–53, 282, 288, 289–93, 295, 296n76, 298n80Baeck, Leo40, 67, 75–76, 75n27, 76Balfour Declaration96, 144Balthasar, Han Urs von49Bar Kochba society, the (Zionist student organization)93, 95, 195Barth, Karl67, 74, 74n22Batnitzky, Leora33Baylor, Michael83BDS (Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions)124beauty156, 164, 298Becker, Adam34–35belonging18n73, 64, 109, 191Benardete, Seth203–204Ben-Gurion, David41n31, 69, 94, 105, 114–16, 120, 122, 146Benjamin, Walter91, 107, 119, 147, 184, 269n33Berdyczewski, Micah Josef40n29Bergson, Henri179Bernstein, Jeffrey205Berry, Donald42Besht, theBa‘al Shem Tov, thebetween, the129, 166–67, 170, 180–81, 241–42, 245, 256Bewährung (verification)190, 223–224, 225, 230n21, 231, 231n23, 270, 276, 276n14, 281–282Biale, David47, 259, 270n36, 285Bible, the36, 72, 86, 95, 178–81, 190–93, 219–20, 224–31, 235–57, 258–59, 267–68, 282–83, 299Biblical criticism242, 250Biltmore Program145–46binationalism42, 42n34, 85, 96, 103–108, 110–17, 122, 124, 126–30, 131, 145–46Blakney, Raymond4, 5n11Blau-Weiss (Zionist youth movement)195blood affinity133, 196Blumenberg, Hans171–72, 192body17, 58–59, 147, 182, 214, 275n8, 277n17, 278–79, 279n22, 280, 281n26, 282, 284, 286, 292n63, 293, 300n87embodimentBolshevism89–90, 93n32borders34, 104, 110–12, 116, 123, 129, 189boundariesboundaries8, 34, 89, 110, 189–90, 192, 193, 284bordersBoyarin, Daniel33–34, 35Braiterman, Zachary165–66Brenner Affair, the37Brit Shalom (“Covenant of Peace” Zionist group)95, 97, 105, 115, 131, 105, 115British Mandate in Palestine144, 145, 262Buber, Martin: Works (dates of original publication)“Abraham the Seer,”“Sheliḥut Avraham”“Address on Jewish Art,”“Referat über jüdische Kunst”“The Altar” (1914)48“Alte und neue Gemeinschaft” (1976)132–34Aus Tiefen rufe ich Dich (From the Depths I Call to You, 1936)231“Beginnings, The”“Reshit”Bein ‘Am le-Artso (1945)99–101, 178, 182, 185, 186, 188, 189, 191Bible, German translation of (1936–62)95, 191, 259, 299“Biblischer Humanismus” (“Biblical Humanism,” 1933)172, 190, 225n12Bilder von Gut und Böse (1952)177, 178, 179, 246“Bi-National Approach to Zionism, The” (1947)145Briefwechsel aus sieben Jahrzehnten (ed. Grete Schaeder, 1972-1975)87n16, 142, 142–143, 177n34, 188, 222n10, 261, 263n21, 279n20, 281n26“Büchern und Menschen” (“Books and Men,” 1951)300–301“Bücher, die jetzt und immer zu lessen sind” (1914)4“Chassidismus und der abendländische Mensch” (1956)282Cheruth: Eine Rede über Jugend und Religion (Cherut: On Youth and Religion, 1919)223–24“Christus, Chassidismus, Gnosis” (1954)46, 51–52, 278n18Daniel (1913)12–13“Demand of the Spirit and Historical Reality, The,”“Tevi‘at ha-Ruaḥ veha-Metsi’ut ha-Historit”“Dialogue,”Zwiesprache“Dialogue Between Heaven and Earth, The” (1952)244“Distance and Relation,”“Urdistanz und Beziehung”Drei Reden über das Judentum (1911)93, 95, 195(individual essay titles)Eclipse of God (1952)61, 195n4(individual essay titles)“Education,”Rede über das Erzieherische“Education of Character, The,” (1947)169, 246n35, 246, 250Ekstatische Konfessionen (Ecstatic Confessions, 1909)7–8, 9–11“Elemente des Zwischenmenschlichen” (“Elements of the Interhuman,” 1954)154“Elohim veha-Neshamah” (1945)13–14, 15–17, 21–22“Erneuerung des Judentums, Die” (1911)42n32, 175, 221n6Erzählungen der Chassidim, Die (1949)182, 275n10, 280, 282, 290–300“Even ha-Pinah” (1945)50n66First Buber, The: Youthful Zionist Writings of Martin Buber (ed. Gilya Schmidt)87n16, 156For the Sake of Heaven,Gog and Magog“Foundation Stone, The,”“Even ha-Pinah”“Frage an den Einzelnen, Die” (1936)14, 26, 26n98, 66n1, 73n21, 178, 184, 189“Fragments on Revelation” (1964)47n49“Freiheit und Aufgabe: Dem Gedächtnis Chajim Nachman Bialiks” (1936)188, 190Geist des Judentums, Vom (1916)222n10(individual essay titles)“Geist des Orients und das Judentum, Der” (1916)173, 173n11“Geleitwort” to Die Chassidischen Bücher (1927)27n102, 46–51, 179, 269“Geleitwort” to Der große Maggid und seine Nachfolge (1922)65, 280, 296n76“Gemeinschaft” (Community, 1919)134–135(community)“Gemeinschaftlichen folgen, Dem” (1956)184“Geschehende Geschichte” (1936)230“Geschichte des Individuationsproblems, Zur” (1904)3, 154, 155n15Geschichten des Rabbi Nachman, Die (The Tales of Rabbi Nachman, 1906)52n64, 278n18“Gespräch um Gott: Bericht über zwei Meinungskämpfe” (1933)148“Ge’ulah” (1945)45Glaube der Propheten, Der,Torat ha-Nevi’im“God and the Soul,”“Elohim veha-Neshamah”“God and the Spirit of Man” (1952)61Gog and Magog: A Chronicle (1943)39n23, 261–67, 270–72große Maggid und seine Nachfolge, Der (The Great Maggid and His Succession, 1922)147, 277n17, 280(“Geleitwort”)“Hasidism and Modern Man,”“Chassidismus und der abendländische Mensch”“Hebrew Humanism,”Humaniyut ‘Ivritheilige Weg, Der (The Holy Way, 1918)48n56, 93, 135, 175, 187“History of the Problem of Individuation: Nicholas of Cusa and Jacob Böhme, On the”“Geschichte des Individuationsproblems, Zur”“Hinweis für Bibelkurse” (1936)247Humaniyut ‘Ivrit” (1941)192, 193“I.L. Peretz” (1915)156Ich und Du (I and Thou, 1923)3, 12, 14, 22, 25–27, 40, 51, 54–55, 60, 63, 73n21, 86, 87, 89, 114, 153n5, 187, 187n88, 195, 208, 214, 245, 263n21, 266, 269–70, 271–72, 275n7, 275, 276, 277n16, 286n3, 292n63, 299n84“If Not Now, When? And” (1936)98Images of Good and Evil,Bilder von Gut und Böse“Imitatio Dei” (1926)46“In the Midst of History,”“Geschehende Geschichte”“Interpreting Hasidism,”“Replies to My Critics”“Interrogation of Martin Buber” (1964)158, 159, 275Judaism, On,Reden über das Judentum“Judentum und die Menschheit, Das” (“Judaism and Mankind,” 1911)48, 48n56, 49, 50, 200“Judentum und die neue Weltfrage, Das” (“Judaism and the New World Question,” 1930)172“jüdische Kulturproblem und der Zionismus, Das” (1905)201n27“Jüdische Religiosität” (“Jewish Religiosity,” 1916)222–23“Jüdische Renaissance” (“Jewish Renaissance,” 1916)154“Jüdisches Nationalheim und nationale Politik in Palästina” (1932)113“Kinder, Die” (1936)181Königtum Gottes (Kingship/Kingdom of God, 1932)29n107, 66n1, 69, 70, 94, 94n33, 101, 175, 179, 180, 182n63, 185, 186n85, 188, 190–91, 226, 262n18Land of Two Peoples: Martin Buber on Jews and Arabs (ed. Paul Mendes-Flohr, 1983)41n31, 42n34, 66n13, 85n10, 98, 126(individual essay titles)Legende des Baalschem, Die (Legend of the Baal-Shem, 1907)40n23, 278n17“Lehre und die Tat, Die” (1936)232n25Letters of Martin Buber, The (ed. Nahum Glatzer and Paul Mendes-Flohr, 1991)39n19, 40n23, 40n26, 87n16, 90, 140, 142, 198, 202(Briefwechsel aus sieben Jahrzehnten)“Love of God and the Idea of Deity, The” (1943)24, 186“Mächtigkeit des Geistes, Die” (1936)183, 189, 229n20“Meaning of Zionism, The” (1946)145, 146Mensch und sein Gebild, Der (“Man and His Image-Work,” 1955)153, 167, 174, 178, 181n58, 186, 277n16“Mensch von heute und die jüdische Bibel” (“People/Man Today and the Jewish Bible,” 1936)241, 251, 255n62, 257n66, 258, 267–68“Meqomah shel ha-Ḥasidut ba-Toledot ha-Dat” (1945)272, 280n23, 284“Mit einem Monisten” (1917)275n7“Moral Character of the State of Israel, The: A Debate with Ben-Gurion” (1949)146“Mose: Drei Zitate” (1916)220n2Moses (1945)29n107, 37, 220–21, 225, 226, 248–54, 255n62“Mythos der Juden, Der” (“Myth in Judaism,” 1913)46“National Home and Policy in Palestine,”“Jüdisches Nationalheim und nationale Politik in Palästina”“Nationalism” (1921)144Netivot be-Utopia (1947)86, 87, 135–39, 183, 184“Old and New Community,”“Alte und neue Gemeinschaft”Or ha-Ganuz,Erzählungen der ChassidimOrigin and Meaning of Hasidism, The (ed. Maurice Friedman, 1960)65(individual essay titles)“Ort des Chassidismus in der Religiongeschichte, Der” (“The Place of Hasidism in the History of Religion”),“Meqomah shel ha-Ḥasidut ba-Toledot ha-Dat”“Palestine, a Bi-National State” (1946)96Pfade/Paths in Utopia,Netivot be-Utopia“Philosophische und relgiöse Weltanschauung” (1928)275n7, 277n16“Plato and Isaiah,”“Tevi‘at ha-Ruaḥ veha-Metsi’ut ha-Historit”“Power of the Spirit,”“Mächtigkeit des Geistes”“Prelude: Report on Two Talks,”“Gespräch um Gott: Bericht über zwei Meinungskämpfe”Problem des Menschen, Das (The Problem of Man, 1943)12, 26, 161, 167, 168, 173, 173–74, 175, 176, 177n34, 177, 179, 181n53, 181, 182, 186, 188, 275n8“Prophecy, Apocalyptic, and the Historical Hour” (1954)101Prophetic Faith, The,Torat ha-Nevi’im“Question to the Single One, The,”“Frage an den Einzelnen”Rede über das Erzieherische (1926)157, 233, 246n35, 248, 250n48, 257“Redemption,”“Ge’ulah”Reden über das Judentum (1923)195, 198–200(individual essay titles)“Referat über jüdische Kunst” (1901)156“Religion als Gegenwart” (“Religion as Presence,” 1978)25n94, 275, 281n26“Religion und Philosophie” (1929)274“Religion and Philosophy” (1952)26, 29–30, 178, 186, 274n4, 274, 275, 275n8, 276, 276n13“Religion and Modern Thinking” (1952)144, 279n20“Renewal of Judaism, The,”“Erneuerung des Judentums”“Revolution und Wir, Die” (1918)95“Replies to My Critics” (1963)141, 159, 160, 261, 265–66, 273, 276, 283, 284, 286Reshit” (1945)272, 282Schrift und ihre Verdeutschung, Die (Scripture and Translation, 1936)258(individual essay titles)Sheliḥut Avraham” (1939)282“Sinnbildliche und sakramentale Existenz im Judentum” (“Symbolic and Sacramental Existence,” 1935)52n69, 52n70, 274n3, 275n7, 278n19, 278–79, 281n26, 283, 286“Socialism and Peace” (1956)96“Spinoza, Sabbatai Zvi, and the Baal Shem Tov,”“Geleitwort” to Die Chassidischen Bücher“Spirit and Body of the Hasidic Movement,”“Geleitwort” to Der große Maggid und seine Nachfolge“Spirit of the Orient and Judaism, The,”“Geist des Orients und das Judentum”“Suggestion for Bible Courses, A,”“Hinweis für Bibelkurse”Tales of the Hasidim,Erzählungen der ChassidimTales of Rabbi Nachman,Geschichten des Rabbi NachmanTevi‘at ha-Ruaḥ veha-Metsi’ut ha-Historit” (1942)228n19Te‘udah ve-Ye‘ud (1959)48n56(individual essay titles)Three Addresses,Drei Reden über das JudentumTorat ha-Nevi’im (1942)66n1, 70–71, 182n63, 227–28, 262n18Two Types of Faith,Zwei Glaubensweise“Wortwahl in einer Verdeutschung der Schrift, Über die” (“On Word Choice in Translating the Bible,” 1936)231, 247, 282n27“Unser Bildungsziel” (1936)188, 189“Urdistanz und Beziehung” (1950)165, 166, 167, 247n43“Weg des Menschen nach der chassidischen Lehre, Der” (“The Way of Man According to the Teachings of Hasidism,” 1948)52n70“What Is Man?”Problem des MenschenZion, On,Bein ‘Am le-Artso“Zionism and Nationalism” (1929)125–26“Zionism and ‘Zionism’” (1948)114–16,Zwei Glaubensweise (1950)27–29, 36, 38, 39, 39n21, 41, 43–44, 45–46, 48, 66, 69, 71–73, 76, 281n26Zwiesprache (1929)85–86, 159, 189“Bubertät”88Bubertum194, 197, 197n8, 198Bunem, Simḥa, of Pshiskhe265, 266Butler, Judith97calling167, 247–50, 253–55commandscanon, the37–38, 74–75, 77, 191, 197, 235–37, 239–43, 243n26, 256, 282n31capitalism86, 95, 110, 131, 132, 134, 135, 139, 196, 197causality21, 107, 249, 250, 253, 269n33centralism138change55, 83, 89, 106, 120–21, 124, 129, 155, 160, 161–62, 168, 176, 179, 241–42chaos56, 151, 178, 246, 250, 253, 265choice133, 178, 182, 255, 267, 268decisionChristJesusChristianity,12, 27–29, 33–46, 48, 50–54, 67, 74–77, 91Christianization33–35, 37, 83Christology44, 68, 69, 71, 72, 86Paulinism; Paul, Saintcitizenship104, 109, 110, 121, 124civilization56, 59, 113, 131, 134, 135, 210, 212coexistence97, 104, 106, 108, 111–13, 124cohabitationcognition141, 160–61, 165, 170, 173, 296n76, 300cohabitation106, 108, 111–13, 116, 118, 119–20, 123, 124, 129–30coexistenceCohen, Hermann23–24, 26, 183, 191n110, 205–206colonialism103–05, 106, 108, 109, 111–13, 119–24, 126, 127, 129, 139n28commands169, 188, 223, 225, 247, 250, 253–56callingcommunes134–35, 136–39kibbutzimcommunication64, 114, 124, 125, 159, 164–67, 169, 208, 212, 213, 285n43hearing; speechcommunion64, 157–58, 169, 222communism89, 95, 131, 138communists89, 94, 121–22, 122–23community6–7, 9, 42, 49, 57, 63, 66, 68, 71, 83, 95–96, 124, 131–36, 145, 151–52, 174, 179, 180, 184, 187, 190–92, 196, 226, 229, 233, 278“Gemeinschaft”companionable being55–56compassion23, 147concept acquisition164–65concrete, the58, 169, 175–77, 182, 184–85, 207–208, 274–76, 278n17, 279n20, 282n31, 287, 292, 299conscience63, 161–62, 164contradiction19, 27, 104, 179, 231, 246–50, 253, 255–57, 266, 285convergence (Judaism and Christianity)35–37cooperative associations111–13, 138counterhistory47, 52counter-nationalism117covenant70, 76, 95, 96, 98, 117, 179, 180, 187, 188, 226, 228, 239Creation4, 12, 16, 20–22, 27, 65, 178, 180, 184, 185, 189, 245–46, 248, 255, 256–57, 268–69creativity22, 115, 133, 154–58, 169, 199, 212, 219, 222, 251art; imaginationCross, the67, 71–72, 71n18, 76, 77culture6, 68, 94, 128, 142, 155, 172, 199, 210, 222, 234–35Jewish74, 91, 147, 209–211, 221n6, 220, 225, 258modern56–57, 61–62, 64, 132, 196, 209, 211religious58, 221transmission233–35, 249kultur; kulturpolitik; Zionism: culturalDarwish, Mahmood129Dasein24, 173, 174n15, 176–77, 184, 190, 268, 275n8existenceDecalogue225decision61–64, 71, 174–75, 179, 187n88, 189, 193, 219, 222–23, 226, 230, 246–47, 258, 267–68, 270, 272decolonization111–12, 118deixas141democracy57, 82, 90, 93–94, 104, 112–13, 119, 121, 123, 124, 127–28Democratic Fraction88, 154–55Derrida, Jacques15Descartes, René173, 207, 275n8destruction51, 56, 93, 119–21Deutero-Isaiah101devotio39, 44–45, 49–52Dewey, John62–63dialectic174, 184, 220, 260, 265–67, 272, 272n45-al theology67, 73–74dialogue22, 38, 53, 63–65, 85–86, 115, 126, 127–128, 129, 137, 141, 147–48, 166, 168–70, 189, 212, 214, 228n18, 230, 241–42, 244–45, 255, 257, 266, 276n16, 285, 291–93, 299and the Bible180–81, 241–42, 244–45, 247–49dialogical hermeneutics12, 235, 241–42dialogical relations16, 67–72, 77, 127–128, 160–61, 168–70and embodiment276, 276n16, 285philosophy of14, 22, 26, 31, 59, 86, 152, 212–15, 259, 267, 271n41diaspora98, 106–109, 123, 126, 146, 156dictionary159, 159n32, 162–63, 170difference14, 16, 18n73, 63, 65, 74, 128, 179, 187, 189, 242dignity23, 144, 168, 224, 267Dilthey, Wilhelm141, 155n15, 172, 175, 184, 213, 221, 221n5, 261discrimination119, 120disinterestedness154, 162, 165–66, 168, 170displacement107, 109, 145dispossession104, 107–108, 110, 112, 119, 121, 123, 124, 126, 129distance14, 63, 95, 166, 168, 179–80, 182, 192, 193, 239, 241–42, 247spacedogma5n11, 68, 71, 133, 140, 172, 222, 223, 242, 258, 286Dov Baer, the Maggid of Mezritsh17, 21, 288–93, 296–97duality13, 16, 25, 193, 200eagle226, 257Eckhart, Meister3–17, 21, 22, 25–26, 27, 31–32ecstasy8–10, 14, 43, 214, 278n17, 295education85, 90, 92, 94, 110, 112, 115, 156–58, 169–70, 203, 224–25, 233–43, 246–47, 249, 255–56learningego2, 26, 72, 131, 133, 144, 207, 275n8, 277n16Egypt100–101, 119, 221, 221n7, 227, 251, 254–55Ein Sof (Infinity)17, 19–20infinityEinstein, Albert186Eisenstadt, Shmuel202, 212Eisner, Kurt90, 93election97, 189elective affinity134Eliashiv, Solomon Hayyim20–21Elohim21elohut (divinity)20emancipation38, 42, 122, 234embodied theology276, 277n16, 281n, 283, 295, 300embodiment17, 182, 257, 276, 276n16, 280, 282, 285, 295–96, 300bodyEmerson, Ralph Waldo140, 155n15empathy146–47empiricism172, 181, 186, 190, 203, 214–15, 259emunah (faith/trust)38n19, 44n39, 45, 47, 51–53faith; trustencounter26–27, 29, 61, 63–65, 161, 177, 196, 214, 241–42, 248, 254, 256, 266, 275–76, 276n16, 285, 290, 292–93, 300Enlightenment77, 81, 234epistemology6, 173, 176–77, 182, 184–86, 193, 213, 274equality104, 106, 110–11, 115–21, 123–24, 128–29, 136, 239, 247Eranos (conference)279n20, 281n26Eriugena, John Scotus12Erlebnis (lived experience)6, 8, 151, 172, 177, 185, 187n88, 196, 198, 221, 223experienceeschatology62, 76, 101, 175, 183–84, 187–88, 191, 262–63essay, the143estrangement190ethics23, 60, 87, 89, 114, 131, 154, 170, 183, 213, 222–23of education237–40, 242ethos17, 22, 52Etzioni, Amitai212Eusebius75, 75n27evil49–50, 52, 89, 178, 224, 263n21, 264, 266exegesis227, 228, 259–60, 287exile7, 43, 93, 98, 107, 114, 123, 126, 129, 188n91, 190existence9, 11, 14, 49, 56, 58, 62, 65, 75, 114, 119, 128, 160, 168, 170, 175–79, 182–83, 190, 192–93, 219, 223–25, 230, 244, 259, 265–66, 276, 279–80, 282, 300n87coexistence; Daseinsexistential, the7, 64, 141, 172, 175–78, 185, 188–90, 192–93, 250, 255, 267, 270existentialism52, 61, 86–87, 206–208Exodus, the220, 251, 254–56experience6, 29–31, 41, 142–43, 146, 160, 162–63, 165, 172, 177, 179, 181–90, 219–23, 225, 246–57, 268–70, 273, 296, 296n76, 301religious30–31, 62, 198–200, 203, 214–15, 219–21Erlebnisexpression6–7, 45, 110, 143, 157, 199, 219–20, 251, 274–76, 276n18, 282, 285, 286n49, 287, 300theological280, 283expulsion104, 108–11, 117Ezekiel185, 239, 262n16, 263, 297–99face61, 228, 229–30, 245, 292, 297, 299, 299n38, 300faith22, 24, 26, 28–29, 31, 43, 45, 58, 64, 66–68, 72–77, 84, 100, 135, 159n32, 177, 183, 188–90, 222, 225, 273, 276, 284, 286trust; emunahfederated authority82, 95, 105, 113, 116, 119, 122, 126, 127femininity91–92, 94, 99, 146–47genderfinite, the8, 18, 21, 58, 174, 180–81, 187, 190Fishbane, Michael243n26, 256, 287form153, 159–60, 164–66, 221, 222formalism151–52, 223Foucault, Michel143freedom60–61, 64, 68, 77, 122, 132–33, 143, 157–58, 164, 167, 174, 181–82, 188–89, 222, 244, 256, 268Freud, Sigmund28, 28n105, 238friendship129, 135, 207–208, 257Fromm, Erich196, 239fulfillment62, 187, 191, 187–88, 184, 270, 272future, the48, 71, 133, 134, 139, 146, 156, 175, 179, 184–85, 187, 191, 258, 270Gadamer, Hans-Georg235, 249Gallagher, Shaun235Gandhi, Mahatma40n23gegenüber (over-against)292, 292n63, 293Geiger, Abraham36, 37, 38, 40Gemeinschaft (community)7, 131–35, 151, 196, 222communityBuber, Martin: Worksgender11, 133femininity; masculinitygenius37, 154–57, 167, 169–70genocide115, 118, 120–22German Peasants’ War, the82–84German Revolution, the89–95, 135Germany52n69, 74, 83, 89, 93, 95, 115, 172, 262n18Gesellschaft (society)131–33, 135societyGestalt (shape/form)31, 133, 134–35, 151–54, 160, 163–64, 167, 170Gideon69–71, 94n33Gilroy, Paul129gnosticism43, 45, 51–53, 66–68, 71–72, 74–77, 128, 278God7, 9, 11, 14–29, 32, 46–52, 63–64, 175–76, 180, 182, 184–89, 191–93, 198–200, 215, 222–31, 244, 246, 253–57, 263–67, 273–75names of11–12, 14, 16–18, 20–21, 29, 29n107, 285Ein Sof; Elohim; elohut; monotheism; pantheism; TetragrammatonGoebbels, Joseph263Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von9, 133Goffman, Erving59Gog of Magog262n16, 263, 263n21, 264–66Buber, Martin: WorksGogarten, Friedrich66n1, 69, 73, 73n21Goitein, Fritz (Shlomo Dov)196grace72, 100–101, 266Greece100–101, 207Greekculture44, 66, 68–69, 72, 75, 76language72, 143, 165, 207Guttmann, Julius23, 200–201, 202Habad17–19, 50Schneerson, Menaḥem Mendel; Shneur Zalman of LiadiHabermas, Jürgen213, 214HaggadahaggadahHalakhah (Jewish law)38n19, 44, 100, 100n45, 279Hamas123Harnack, Adolph von67, 74Hasidic tales91, 115, 219, 260–61, 277, 280–300Hasidism5, 12, 16–17, 21–22, 35–36, 39–40, 43–53, 84–85, 115n5, 147, 182, 259–61, 263–65, 268, 272, 277–87, 295–96hearing125, 247, 251, 256, 296n76communication; listeningheave-offering189Hebrew36, 68, 69, 72, 112, 147, 220, 225, 229, 247, 254, 260, 281, 287, 290–94, 296n76, 297–99Hebrew University12, 55, 105, 173, 201–203, 206–207, 233, 245Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich4, 68, 72, 119, 174–75, 213, 220, 259, 272Heidegger, Martin4n6, 26, 86, 144, 174n15, 175–77, 177n34, 190, 275n8Herberg, Will55–57, 58–59, 61, 62, 63–64, 281n26Herder, Johann Gottfried181, 213heresy5–6, 5n11, 8–9, 16, 13, 47, 115, 157–58hermeneutics172, 179, 181, 183, 185–86, 190, 220–21, 224–25, 227, 231, 235–45, 249, 256, 287, 291, 293–94Herzl, Theodor87–88, 97, 113, 155–56Heschel, Abraham Joshua115n5, 281n26Hesse, Hermann143, 261heterodoxy131Heuss, Theodor142history58, 60, 61–65, 72–73, 77, 98–100, 117, 127, 136, 174, 176, 178, 180, 188–92, 226, 229, 230, 244, 249–52, 258–59, 261, 263, 267–72, 282, 283Hitler, Adolf75, 76, 262, 263holiness135, 187, 191, 281nHolocaust, the38, 121–22home114, 188, 144, 145homelessness107–109, 116, 123, 174, 190Hosea228househome, homelessness, world-househousehold254–55Hugo, Victor139human, the4, 13, 23, 57–59, 61–62, 172, 176, 178, 180–82, 192, 223, 225, 227, 244, 268humanism225, 239biblical172, 189, 190, 192, 227Hebrew224–25humanities, the81, 235humanity7–8, 45, 59, 115, 133, 153, 188, 277n16humor273, 283Iḥud (political party)105, 115, 117iconoclasm186, 279n20idealism (philosophical)4, 7, 86, 183, 191Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich; Cohen, Hermannidentity7, 26, 34, 108, 117, 188, 236, 241, 246, 249idolatry23, 26, 28, 32I-It relations60, 66, 68, 152–53, 159–61, 164, 167–68, 259, 271, 277n16, 290, 292n63It-world, theimages8, 10–11, 13, 14, 16, 23–24, 27–31, 46, 63, 65, 160–61, 164–65, 169–70, 171–93, 214, 226, 270, 274, 296imagination23–24, 26–27, 63, 126, 154, 160, 164–70, 178, 183, 219imitationof Buber88of God46, 182, 228of Israel101imperialism95, 144incarnation4, 46, 281nembodimentindependence (political)115–17, 145Jewish/Israeli92, 114–16Palestinian104, 110, 116, 127Polish264individual, the6–9, 14, 41, 44, 58–59, 61, 86, 100, 133, 137, 154, 158, 172, 174, 178–79, 182–84, 190, 196, 199–200, 213–14, 225, 231, 239, 242, 244, 247, 249–50, 254, 258, 268, 272, 274, 284individualism134, 213individuality7, 58, 59, 247individualization213individuation9, 153, 155, 169inequality112, 123, 128infinity8, 15, 17–21, 27, 74, 173–74, 180–81, 187, 190Ein Sofinjustice57, 121, 208, 230, 254insight226, 235–37, 240–42, 267, 274, 274n3, 276, 297n79interaction178, 181, 213–14, 238, 243n26, 244, 248, 296n76interpersonal, the154, 177, 214, 284, 291, 295, 296n76intersubjectivityinterpretation30–31, 61, 63, 172, 192, 220–21, 235–36, 242, 245, 249–50, 264, 287, 290–93intersubjectivity27, 158, 169–70, 173, 177, 212–15, 274interpersonal, theIrgun, the (paramilitary organization)94Isaiah70–71, 101, 147, 185, 186, 187, 188n91, 227–28, 228n19isolation107, 157, 158, 169, 176–77solitudeIsrael19, 28, 43, 45, 48, 66, 69–71, 75, 114, 144, 147, 175, 180, 185, 188–93, 224, 226–28, 230, 263, 281n62land of37, 42, 67n7, 100–101, 104, 109, 112–19, 126–29, 145–46, 187, 189, 191–92, 234(land)State of93, 99, 103–104, 107–108, 110–16, 118–23, 125–27, 145–47, 190, 203, 212Israeli military116, 121–23, 127, 146Israel ben Shabbatai Hapstein, the Maggid of Kozhenits264–65, 267, 296–97Israel Friedman of Ruzhin297–300I-Thou relations25, 39, 51, 53, 60, 64, 66, 66n, 68, 95, 127–28, 136, 152–53, 160, 162–64, 167, 170, 207–208, 215, 225, 229, 259, 266, 271, 277n16It-world, the25–26, 164I-It relationsJacobi, Friedrich Heinrich213Jaspers, Karl86Jephthah180Jerusalem96, 185, 192, 227Buber in114, 115, 262Strauss in194, 202–03, 205, 206–07Jesus9, 27, 29, 35–40, 42–53, 66–69, 71–77Christ38, 46, 51–52, 66–69, 71–72, 75–76Jewish36–37, 42–43, 50–52, 66–68, 75–77, 187Jewish culturecultureJews7, 34n5, 35–37, 40, 43–44, 50, 52–53, 75, 76, 86, 88, 92, 97–98, 104, 107–16, 120–24, 126, 145–46, 173n11, 188, 196, 200, 206, 225, 229, 234, 258, 262–64Jost, Isaak36, 38Judaea103, 227West Bank, theJudaism16, 27–28, 20, 33–40, 43–53, 66–67, 73, 74–77, 91–92, 95, 98, 122, 131, 172, 183, 185, 190, 194, 196–98, 205–206, 209–211, 213, 223–24, 259Jude, Der (journal)39n19, 92, 95, 151judgment64, 165, 170, 196determinative163, 164of God61, 72reflective154, 162–65, 168, 170Jüdischer Verlag (publisher)155Jung, Carl279n20justice57, 96, 135, 145–46, 209injusticeKabbalah12, 14, 17, 20–21, 51–53, 181, 185, 264, 278, 285, 288–89, 296–97, 300n87Kant, Immanuel6, 24, 98, 114, 153–56, 162–66, 168, 170, 173–74, 181, 191, 193, 222–23, 277n16Karlstadt, Andreas83Kartell jüdischer Verbindungen (Zionist youth movement)195–97Katz, Jacob234Katz, Steven153, 277n16Kaufmann, Walter40n24, 54, 60, 153Kaufmann, Yechezkel233, 234Kepnes, Steven235, 241kibbutzim85, 96, 123, 136, 138–39, 139n28communesKierkegaard, Søren86, 182Kingdom of God66, 68–69, 71, 73–77, 135, 189, 190, 192, 228, 263n21Buber, Martin: WorksKing, Martin Luther54, 60kingshipof God93, 96, 188of man70, 93, 96, 180sovereigntyKlausner, Joseph37Klein, Jacob194, 201knowledge9, 16, 23, 51, 55, 59, 61, 68–69, 173–74, 176, 179, 181, 184, 190, 214, 221, 224, 233, 257, 274, 276, 278, 283, 286, 293, 296–300unknowabilityKohn, Hans87, 95, 97–98, 98n42, 117, 118Koren, Israel278n17Kropotkin, Pyotr134, 136Kultur57, 131cultureKulturpolitik87, 96labor60, 87, 113, 131, 132land138–39, 156, 191Israel: land ofLandauer, Gustav6–9, 11, 16, 38n19, 67, 83–84, 87, 90–95, 98, 132, 134–37, 146–47, 151–52, 158, 269n33language4, 9–10, 14, 31, 58, 61, 64, 112, 115, 124, 171, 176, 187, 189, 192, 213–14, 224–25, 229, 231, 262n16, 275, 282, 285–86Lasker-Schüler, Else132law, the46, 67, 71–72, 76, 77, 201of return124, 129Rabbinic72, 115laws64, 104, 110, 112, 119–20, 133, 165, 176, 226, 258, 270learning142, 147, 224, 232n25, 237, 293, 296, 296nn75–76, 297educationlegitimacy69–70, 104, 115, 118–21, 123, 125, 127, 129–30, 187, 238, 240, 250Leib, son of Sarah280, 294–95Leibowitz, Yeshayahu91, 147Leitworte (“theme-words”)220, 254Lenin, Vladimir89–90, 90n22, 136, 138, 138n23Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim67–68, 77, 181Levinas, Emmanuel40n25, 87, 136, 136n12, 152, 168, 243, 245Levine, Donald212liberalism58, 73, 74liberation109, 158, 196, 278n17libertarian socialism133, 136–37listening118, 141, 147–48, 215, 224–25, 228, 251–52, 285, 285n43, 289, 291hearingliterature36, 53, 73, 99, 143, 185, 221n5, 236, 259, 262, 262n16, 281, 284, 286–87living75, 172, 224, 227, 230–31, 258, 268–69, 272, 285love22, 24–25, 63–64, 72, 147, 223, 301Löwy, Michael4Luther, Martin82–84, 299n86Lutheranism76Luxemburg, Rosa89Machiavelli, Niccolò91–92Maggid of MezritchDov Bermagic264–65, 267, 268, 281nMagid, Shaul281n26Magnes, Judah105, 106Maimonides204–205, 253, 297–98Mannheim, Karl83–84, 142Marcion of Sinope66–67, 72–76Marx, Karl135, 136, 137–38, 174–75, 183masculinity147gender; muscular Judaismmateriality96, 101, 185–86, 276–78, 281n, 284, 298Mauthner, Fritz9, 132Mead, George Herbert212–15memory179–80Menaḥem Mendel of Rimanov264, 265, 267, 280n23Mendelssohn, Moses204–205Mendes-Flohr, Paul87, 92, 98, 132, 276Messiah, the7, 43, 49–50, 53, 262–64messianism41, 47–50, 66–68, 71, 73, 76–77, 101, 135, 175, 183, 187, 190–91, 260–63, 269–72metaphor24, 31, 172, 192–93, 262n16metaphysics29, 50n66, 66, 86, 177–78, 181, 186, 192–93, 215, 265Michels, Robert90Midrash185, 243–45, 255millenarianism83, 84miracles100, 248–50, 252–54, 257Miriam’s song251modernity38, 50, 59, 66–67, 77, 113, 131–35, 175, 212, 239–40, 250, 255monologue152–53, 158, 160, 170, 213, 228n18, 293monotheism23–24, 28morality17, 22, 24, 57, 60, 91, 122, 143–44, 152, 160–63, 168–70, 214, 241, 243Moshe Leib of Sasov147, 275n10Moses29, 36–37, 38, 137, 204, 222, 226, 238, 253Buber, Martin: WorksMühsam, Erich90, 93n32, 132multiplicity9, 10, 21, 59, 247–48Munich RevolutionGerman Revolution, themuscular Judaism92, 147music129mystery8, 21, 30, 50–52, 64–65, 225, 229–31, 271–72, 275, 278, 300mysticism3–6, 8–9, 11–17, 21–22, 52, 92, 142–43, 158, 271n41, 278, 284, 293myth21, 23–24, 52, 142–43, 171, 178, 188, 279n20Naḥman of Bratslav39n20Napoleon90, 262–65, 267Napoleonic Wars263–64, 267Naqba, the (“Catastrophe” of 1948)109narrative127, 189, 193, 238, 248n45, 261, 272, 282, 282n31, 283n32nationalism45, 106, 108–110, 112, 114–17, 125, 131, 139n28, 144–45, 156, 190, 192, 196, 212, 224, 230nationality7National Socialism5n11, 54, 76, 115, 121–22, 146, 201, 258, 262n18nations43–44, 57, 73, 110, 116, 125–26, 128, 200, 226nation-state95, 103, 109–110, 115, 117, 155natural sciencessciencenature24, 28, 100, 101, 156, 176, 178, 200, 249, 252, 274NazisNational Socialismnegative theologyapophatic theologyneo-Romanticism7, 87, 88, 92, 94, 132, 142, 173n11RomanticismNetanyahu, Benjamin103, 111Neue Gemeinschaft7, 132, 136neutrality160Niebuhr, H. Richard55–56, 58–59, 61, 62–63, 215Niebuhr, Reinhold55–56, 57–58, 62–65Nietzsche, Friedrich71n18, 141, 142, 259–60Nomos72non-violence9, 71, 83, 121, 123Nordau, Max92normativity38, 172, 175, 179, 181, 185, 187n88, 190, 192, 201, 225, 237, 247nostalgia132–34objectification23, 29, 136, 164, 176, 178, 184, 186, 208, 221, 274, 277n16, 290objectivity69, 84, 182, 208, 223, 251, 274, 283, 286objects11, 25, 27–29, 32, 58, 114, 153, 160, 163–64, 166, 168, 172, 175–76, 184Old Testament75Bible, theone-state solution103–104, 105, 110–12, 121, 126–27ontology9, 173, 173n11, 176–78, 180–81, 183–85, 187, 187n88, 189, 259, 267, 277n17Orthodox Judaism41, 67, 115, 131, 210other, the8, 10, 21, 23, 26, 36, 44, 59, 61, 63–65, 106, 110, 118, 125–26, 129, 141–42, 146–47, 152–53, 157–58, 160–71, 241–42, 286otherness64, 180, 232, 241–42outsider (Buber as)142–46Palestine85, 94–100, 102, 103–104, 106–107, 112–13, 115–17, 125–27, 131, 138, 139n28, 144–46, 224, 233, 260, 262Partition Plan115–17, 146Palestinians104–105, 107–113, 116, 120, 123–24, 126–27, 129ArabsPannwitz, Rudolph51pantheism6, 8, 11, 49, 52n69paradox20–22, 27, 29, 56, 181–82, 186, 190, 191n110, 192, 271parrhesia143–44particular, the7, 30, 58, 128, 152, 159, 161–64, 166, 168, 172, 222, 274“parting of the ways” (Judaism and Christianity)34–36Paul38n19, 40–41, 44, 52, 66–69, 71–77peace70, 72, 104, 119, 126, 187perception3, 26, 91, 158, 160, 162, 164–66, 169, 194, 220, 251, 268, 275n8, 277n17, 293perfection174, 181–83, 188, 191performance59, 113, 129, 215, 222, 223, 227, 237, 285n43persuasion162, 169–70peshat (plain meaning)289–93Pfuetze, Paule215Pharisaism38, 38n19, 44Rabbinic Judaismphenomenology6, 22, 31, 67, 68, 172, 177, 219, 252, 277n17philosophy67, 81, 87, 131, 143, 172, 176–77, 207, 212–13, 243, 274, 274n4, 299–300Jewish194, 201moral151, 154, 166, 170political81n, 203, 206, 207, 209pragmatic62of religion195, 200dialogue: philosophy ofpistis44n39, 45, 52–53placetoposPlato22, 44n39, 144, 185poetry87, 142, 155, 277n16political theology66, 66n, 67, 69–70, 73–76, 83–84, 227theopoliticspolitical theory81, 81npolitics42n34, 58, 68, 70, 73, 76, 77, 82–92, 94–95, 97, 99, 108, 117, 125, 129, 138, 144–46, 172, 186, 190, 192, 210–11, 226, 228n18theopoliticspolytheism28post-Zionism118, 121power57, 70, 82, 84, 104, 136–38, 230, 246, 251, 269–70Prawer Plan108prayer8, 28, 99–100, 224, 229–30, 186presence14, 18–19, 25–29, 31–32, 61, 70–72, 161–62, 165–66, 169, 176, 184, 186n85, 219, 226, 237, 254, 256, 269–70, 276, 278, 291–92, 292n63, 297pronouns17–20property113, 115, 191prophetic, the29, 44, 48, 51, 71, 140–41, 175, 185–86, 190, 224prophets48, 100, 144, 180, 183, 187, 226, 228, 262, 266, 299, 300Protestantism64, 66–67, 73–76, 134, 279n20Psalms24, 229–31, 294, 295n71psychology4, 58, 142, 213, 214purposiveness62–63, 153, 163–66, 168, 170Rabbinic Judaism37, 40, 52, 71n18, 98, 99, 259PharisaismRabbinic law72, 115racism122Radical Reformation, the82–83, 84Ragaz, Leonhard73, 73n19Rawidowicz, Simon235readers46, 219–20, 227, 236–47, 249–54, 256reading227, 235–37, 239, 247, 272realism82, 84, 97, 186, 228, 272n45reality175–76, 178, 180–86, 188–91, 197–98, 220, 223–26, 228, 231, 233, 245–46, 274–76, 282, 284realization12–13, 25, 45, 48n56, 68, 73, 77, 155, 182–84, 186–88, 190–91, 193, 223, 228, 230, 244–45, 297Realphantasie165–68, 170Realpolitik144, 190, 196rebellion36, 38, 157–58, 234, 236rebirth9, 43, 114, 115, 128reciprocity13, 22, 24, 60–61, 63, 65, 106, 123, 128, 137, 168, 180, 228, 214, 270, 296n63recognition123, 141, 213, 297redemption9, 27, 41, 45, 48, 50, 68, 72, 100–101, 185, 190, 231, 251, 254–55, 262–71Reed, Annette Yoshiko34–35reflective judgmentjudgmentReform Judaism37, 53refugees107–109, 127, 146relativism58, 162, 187n88religion22–23, 33–34, 38–39, 42, 44, 46–47, 49–53, 55, 58, 63, 68, 82–83, 87, 115, 128, 158, 190, 192, 196, 198–99, 209–11, 222, 274–76religiosity16, 42, 46, 115, 131, 152, 158, 197, 222–23, 284, 296, 300religious studies273, 283renaissance154–55, 169renewal38, 43, 53, 71, 91, 99, 101, 114–15, 115n5, 128, 144, 154, 158, 169, 172, 186, 196, 210, 219, 221n6, 222, 224–25rebirthreparations109, 127representation20, 23, 26, 31, 173, 175–76, 178–79, 182, 184–85, 192–93, 237republicanism82resistance23, 83, 109, 112, 120, 123, 129, 175, 193, 227, 229, 246, 258response61, 152, 159–62, 164, 167, 170, 180, 187, 225, 230, 244, 253–55responsibility61, 63, 99, 146, 180, 190, 230, 237, 244, 246, 248, 250, 254–55, 257, 268revelation16–17, 25, 27–28, 38, 70, 72, 75, 100, 161, 165–66, 183, 186, 190, 210, 227, 250, 268–69, 270n36, 273, 276, 285revisionism122revolution83, 99, 132, 137–38, 278German Revolution, theRicoeur, Paul213, 235, 238, 282n31right of return124ritual72, 115, 131, 214, 279Romanticism4, 131–35, 170neo-RomanticismRorty, Richard143Rose, Jacqueline117Rosenak, Michael233, 256Rosenzweig, Franz25, 25n94, 26, 40, 55, 67, 74–76, 95, 191, 198–99, 201, 209, 231, 236, 244, 258, 263n21, 281n26, 299Russia37, 89, 138–39, 213, 262–64sacrament39, 42, 44–45, 49, 75, 185, 278–80, 281n, 282Said, Edward97, 103, 105–112, 114, 124, 126, 128–29Salvador, Joseph36, 40salvation100, 144, 227, 229–30, 248, 251, 254, 256Samuel69–70Sanders, E.P.37, 38Sandmel, Samuel37Sankara, Adi16, 21Schatz-Uffenheimer, Rivka260n8, 261, 265Schauen (beholding)187, 277n16, 291n59, 292, 299, 299n84Scheler, Max26Schmidt, Gilya43Schmitt, Carl66n1, 69, 73, 73n20, 75n27, 198, 200–201Schneerson, Menaḥem Mendel18–19Schocken Almanach (journal)229scholarship142, 195, 206, 209, 227, 273academiaScholem, Gershom39n20, 47, 53, 86, 88, 194, 200–202, 204, 206–209, 243–45, 261, 262, 265, 271n41, 283–86Schopenhauer, Arthur3, 11Schwartz, Seth33, 35Schwartz, Yossef6science169, 172, 176, 181, 186, 196, 203, 215, 249, 250, 252, 257, 274, 299ScriptureBible, thesecularity8, 41, 49, 83, 84, 128, 210–11, 214–15seeing41, 156, 164, 299, 299n86Seer of LublinYa‘akov Yitsḥak, the Seer of Lublinself6–9, 13, 23, 50, 55–61, 63–65, 86, 153, 156–57, 160–61, 163–64, 169, 175–77, 180, 190, 214, 224, 241, 249, 257-actualization155–56, 169-determination7, 109–10, 119, 123, 124, 127, 237–40-interest64, 144–45, 187-limitation17-redemption48, 50-reflection173-righteousness117, 144-segregation106–108-understanding109, 214, 238, 256-unification246, 248–50, 254, 256sensation163, 165, 270, 275n8, 277n16, 292–93, 296n76, 300service (religious)182, 189, 227, 243worshipsettler colonialismcolonialismShapira, Ofer245–46, 248–49, 257Shenhav, Yehouda120Shneur Zalman of Liadi17–18, 20Simmel, Georg5, 141, 212–13, 222Simon, Ernst196, 201, 209simplicity259–60, 272, 298–299ṣimṣumtzimtzumsin72, 77Sinai100, 180, 239, 268slavery60, 133, 254–56Smith, John E.62Smith, Ronald Gregor40n24, 54, 60sociability112, 164social democracy95, 131social democrats89, 94socialism73, 73n19, 89–90, 96, 101, 123, 131, 134, 135–39, 175, 197utopian131, 133, 138, 142, 184social sciences58, 203, 235society47, 58–59, 63, 69, 98, 116, 132–39, 144, 174, 182–83, 196–97, 212, 233–35modern56, 59, 133–35, 197, 233, 235Gesellschaftsociology59, 83, 84, 202, 212–14solipsism177, 213solitude10, 56, 173isolationSoloveitchik, Joseph B.243, 245soul, the4–6, 9–14, 17, 45, 50–51, 55, 126, 133, 165, 179, 182, 186, 199, 222–24, 229, 246, 248, 277n17, 289, 291–93sovereignty68–74, 76, 86, 120, 127, 188of God59, 135, 190, 226–27Jewish110–11, 115–18, 120space14, 21, 25, 28, 109, 110, 117, 125, 146, 172–75, 180–85, 187–89, 192–93, 241, 276, 291–92distanceSpartacus League, the89–90speech10, 25, 49, 52, 125, 167, 208, 219–20, 224–25, 231, 240, 247, 251, 256, 282, 285–86, 292, 292n62, 294, 295n72communicationSpinoza, Baruch6, 27, 36–37, 47–51, 92spirituality40, 42, 43, 47, 199, 220, 277n17, 278, 292, 300resistance against175spontaneity96, 157–60, 163, 168, 251Stalinism136n12, 138n23Star of David180statehood69, 84, 86, 117, 127nation-stateState of IsraelIsraelsteadfastness219, 228–31stillness227–28, 228n18Strauss, Leo23, 30, 81n, 194–211, 239, 240, 241, 273students89, 95, 158–59, 195, 234–41, 243, 245, 247–50, 255–57, 297, 300study219, 223–24, 227, 232n, 240, 289, 293subject, the7, 9, 11, 24, 64, 86, 153, 157–58, 160, 163–64, 168, 172–73, 176, 200subjectivity23, 29, 58, 153, 158, 179, 181–82, 187n88, 193, 213, 267–68intersubjectivitysubjugation112supernatural, the16, 249–50, 252, 254miraclessuperstition159n32suspicion30, 82, 179, 238, 239Talmud, the99, 115, 243, 266, 288Tamari, Salim111R. Tarfon102taste152, 154, 157, 162, 164–65, 167, 169–70Taubes, Jacob187teachers234–50, 252–57teaching272, 282, 284n42, 292, 294, 295Temple Mount185territory106, 145, 190, 192landTetragrammaton17, 20–21texts221, 235–45, 247, 249, 251–56, 259, 280, 285theater142, 155theism11, 13–16, 23, 26, 30–31theocracy69, 71, 96, 98, 173, 180, 192, 211theological expressionexpressiontheology58, 61–62, 89, 91, 188, 273–74, 276, 282, 284, 287apophatic theology; dialectical theology; embodied theology; political theologytheomaniac, the3, 26, 275theopolitics66–71, 73, 73nn19–20, 76, 85–86, 95–96, 100–102, 173, 180, 182, 182n63, 185, 187, 189, 191, 210, 226, 226n15, 228political theologytikkun olam181time4, 25–26, 28, 62, 173–175, 177–80, 182–83, 185–86, 187n88, 188–89, 214, 258, 261, 268–71, 276, 284Tönnies, Ferdinand131–32, 134, 196topos183–84Torah35, 72, 77, 100, 280, 288, 290, 294–95tradition16, 23, 34, 47–48, 61–62, 106–107, 123, 191, 209–212, 220, 224, 260–61, 271n38, 286tragedy260, 266–67, 270–72transcendence10, 15, 18–19, 22–23, 27, 31, 62, 65, 68, 177, 273transcendent, the12, 18, 26, 31, 57, 68, 72, 176, 179, 185, 211, 228, 248–50, 278, 285transformation119, 124, 225, 235, 249, 251translation54, 72, 95, 107, 124, 186, 191, 225, 229, 231, 235, 258–59, 280, 287, 294, 299, 299n86trust38n19, 51, 53, 66, 68, 70, 72, 157–58, 188, 215, 227, 246, 253, 256, 268emunahtruth3, 12, 22, 24, 26, 31, 51, 75, 139, 143–44, 178–79, 193, 225, 227, 231, 238–41, 246, 274, 276, 278, 281–82, 293turning100, 167, 221, 228, 247n43, 248, 252, 264–67, 269–72two-state solution103–104, 111–12, 121tzaddikim (Hasidic leaders)46, 51n66, 234, 267, 280–81, 282n27, 285n43, 295, 296n76, 300tzimtzum (divine contraction)17, 21unconditionality12–13, 27, 64, 69, 180, 219, 222–23, 225, 243unification14, 63, 114, 163, 222, 246–50, 254, 256unity7–14, 16, 21, 48, 51, 63, 72, 133, 153, 164, 166, 179, 181–82, 193, 200, 222, 256, 268universal, the57–58, 162–63, 172, 192, 259–60, 270, 276University of Chicago203–204, 206, 208, 210, 213, 273unknowability16, 182, 186, 285unsayable, the10, 280Urban, Martina5, 87USSRRussiautilitarianism132–33, 163–64utopia7, 73, 82, 84, 95, 131–39, 142, 183–84values57–59, 63, 123, 133, 135, 193, 210, 224violence57, 83, 84, 97, 104, 109, 117, 119, 121, 187, 188n91Vital, Hayyim21voices141, 148, 225–26, 228–29, 231, 239, 247, 251, 254, 257, 293–95Vygotski, Lew213, 214Weber, Max70, 84, 89–90, 90n22, 134, 182, 198, 212, 213Weimar Republic67, 74, 83, 89, 199Weiss, Joseph88Weizmann, Chaim88Weltbildworld imagesWest Bank, the104, 111JudaeaWestern Wall riots (1929)97, 98Wheelwright, Philip182Wiese, Christian97will, the21, 31, 135, 156, 161, 223, 253, 266Wise, Isaac Mayer37, 42Wissenschaft des Judentums (science of Judaism)259, 262n18Wittgenstein, Ludwig5n11, 31wonder11, 220, 222, 250–53, 273, 290Word, the12, 64, 100, 190, 224–25world, the7, 58, 63, 127–28, 166, 172–73, 175–78, 181, 191, 224, 270, 301world-house, the173–74, 181, 181n53, 187world images171–78, 180–83, 186, 188–93world models171–72world spirit, the4, 73World War I56, 57, 88, 96, 151–52, 210, 262World War II56, 57, 122, 210, 262worship32, 46, 49, 51n66, 191, 223serviceYa‘akov Yitsḥak Rabinowitz, the “Holy Jew/Yehudi” of Pshiskhe39n23, 264–67, 270–71Yishuv115, 146Ya‘akov Yitsḥak, the Seer of Lublin264–67, 295Yoder, John Howard42n34youth88–91, 97, 99, 196, 214Zionism: youth movementZion102, 144, 156, 179, 185, 191–92, 227Zionism37–38, 41–42, 69, 85–88, 92–93, 95–98, 101–05, 108–109, 113–16, 118–23, 125, 127–28, 144–47, 154–56, 190, 195–97, 210–12American107binationalist42, 42n34, 96, 117, 120cultural/spiritual88, 93, 96, 155, 195, 210–11normalization114–15, 116political88, 105, 114, 155, 195, 210, 211youth movement142, 195–97, 200Zionist-Arab or Israeli-Palestinian conflict97, 104, 121, 145–46violenceZochrot (organization)109, 109nZvi, Sabbatai39n20, 47, 49, 50–51

Martin Buber

His Intellectual and Scholarly Legacy