Ocean governance means the way in which ocean affairs are governed, not only by governments, but also by local communities, industries and other ‘stakeholders’. It includes national and international law, public and private law as well as custom, tradition and culture and the institutions and processes created by them.


*Ocean Governance: Legal, Institutional and Implementation Considerations, Ocean Policy Research Institute Report No. 5 (The Nippon Foundation, 2002).

The Future of Ocean Governance and Capacity Development

Essays in Honor of Elisabeth Mann Borgese (1918-2002)