Elisabeth Mann Borgese believed that ocean renewable energy was “likely to considerably increase the ‘quantifiable’ contribution of the ocean to the global GDP,” and stated that methane hydrates of the deep seabed created “fascinating futuristic scenarios” as an energy source in the twenty-first century.1 In that context, her breadth of interests in the resource potential of the ocean is reflected in this part on ocean energy, in a few thoughtful and forward-looking essays. Topics include tidal energy resource development, environmental culture and regulation of the offshore petroleum development industry, and managing exploration risks of petroleum energy extraction.

*

The Oceanic Circle: Governing the Seas as a Global Resource (Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 1998), 56–57.

1

E. Mann Borgese, The Oceanic Circle: Governing the Seas as a Global Resource (Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 1998), 69.