Chapter 20 Alexander Dugin: Between Eschatology, Esotericism, and Conspiracy Theory

In: Handbook of Conspiracy Theory and Contemporary Religion
Victor Shnirelman
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Alexander Dugin is well known for his aspiration to combine politics and religion with a reference to eschatology. The article scrutinizes the basic ideas of his constructions and reveals eschatological roots of contemporary conspiracy theory. It is demonstrated that the images of the “world plot” and “eternal enemy” are directly related to the narrative of the Antichrist. This imagination immediately leads to esoteric and conspiratorial anti-Semitism and includes a view of history as an “eternal occult war” between Christianity and Judaism. The Dugin’s constructions are based on esoteric and geopolitical views of “sacred past,” which are far from academic methodology. He sticks to essentialist views of “race” and “ethnicity,” which build up a pseudo-scholarly basis for xenophobia in form of “new (cultural) racism.” Dugin is not embarrassed with inconsistencies and contradictions of his constructs because he applies to emotions rather than to reason.

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