The present study examines Paul of Antioch’s (ca. 1200) Responses to the Muslim Sheikh—a set of three polemical treatises against an unnamed Muslim opponent. The article argues that this unnamed Muslim sheikh is likely identical with a certain “sheikh Abū l-Surūr al-Tinnīsī, the embroiderer”—the addressee of Paul’s Treatise on Oneness and Union. It also examines the three principle arguments of the Muslim opponent—(1) Good and evil are relative rather than absolute; (2) Christ’s miracles are to be interpreted figuratively; (3) All human actions are predetermined by God—and analyzes Paul’s responses.

Heirs of the Apostles

Studies on Arabic Christianity in Honor of Sidney H. Griffith


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