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IndexAccess to medicines14, 221, 224, 226, 229, 231–237Accountability, Coherence and Transparency Group (ACT)20, 23African Group4, 6n, 9, 20, 23–24, 24n, 25, 27n, 28, 87, 160–161, 163, 165–176, 197, 200, 202, 207–208, 210, 215–217, 220, 252, 259n, 263, 268, 272–273, 275, 277, 307, 311–313African Union13, 23, 26, 55, 76, 78, 87, 108, 111, 200, 220, 286, 289, 298, 307, 313, 317Mission in Somalia (AMISOM)78Peace and Security Architecture (APSA)79–80, 80nPeace and Security Council (AUPSC)79Alliance of Small Islands States (AOSIS)13, 20, 27, 64, 252, 260, 308Andean Community (CAN)61, 221Arab Group9, 100, 103, 105, 108–109, 163, 163n, 166, 168, 170, 173–174, 261–262, 286, 286n, 288Asia-Pacific Group4–5, 46, 208n, 220, 252, 259n, 307, 310, 315Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)13, 23, 115, 208, 220, 286Bolivia67, 69, 71, 206n, 231, 234, 294Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America61, 274Brazil3, 63–64, 69, 82, 125, 135, 164, 168–169, 171, 174–175, 180n, 206, 206n, 212, 221–223, 231, 233–234, 236–237, 261–262, 272–273, 290, 296, 309Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRICs)69, 72, 82–84Brazil, South, Africa, India and China (BASIC)135, 268, 272–273, 275, 277, 279Cambodia107n, 115, 118, 121, 123, 126–127, 130, 133, 205Canada5n, 23, 165, 188, 188n, 199, 202–204, 209n, 222, 227, 231, 252, 261–262, 271, 301, 310, 316Caribbean Community (CARICOM)20, 27–28, 61–62, 64–70, 70n, 71–72, 145, 149–151, 221, 229, 261–262, 307, 311, 313, 315, 317Caricom Reparations Commission65–66, 168Cartagena Dialogue270, 272, 308Central African Forestry Commission (COMIFAC)274–275Central American Common Market (CACM)61n, 221Central American Integration System (SICA)229, 274–275China3, 23, 60, 61n, 63, 77, 82, 107n, 117, 119–121, 129–130, 133, 135, 137, 143–145, 148–149, 161, 166, 183, 227, 252, 256, 259–261, 263, 268, 272, 279, 292, 305, 311, 315Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF)274Coalition for Rainforest Nations (CfRN)274–275Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)86–87Community of Latin American and Caribbean states (CELAC)61n, 67, 69, 167, 220, 222Conference on Disarmament177, 183, 311Conference of Parties (COP)20, 267, 269,Cuba67, 81, 138, 150, 161, 175, 190n, 197, 205, 211, 222, 260Dialogue among Civilizations99, 106–107, 110Disarmament14, 23, 27, 48, 71, 77n, 81–82, 84, 94, 111, 120, 129, 177, 177n, 178, 178n, 179–188, 190–191, 193–195, 308, 311, 315–316Durban Alliance272Eastern European Group4, 11, 23–25, 46, 101n, 161, 183, 220, 252Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)86–87Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)86–87, 91–92Ecuador62, 67–69, 71, 150, 175, 206n, 223, 229, 232–234, 260–261Egypt63, 77, 85, 86n, 87, 97n, 100, 103, 103n, 109, 111, 161, 164, 167–168, 171, 180n, 187n, 192, 261, 263, 289, 294Environmental Integrity Group (EIG)272European Union (EU)3, 5, 13, 20, 23, 45–46, 50n, 56, 63, 70, 82, 107–108, 115, 121, 135, 137, 141, 143, 160, 178, 178n, 202, 220, 261–262, 286, 291, 307, 314, 316European External Action Service (EEAS)47, 271France45, 48, 50–51, 167, 172, 192, 234, 293, 295–296, 299, 312, 315Germany51, 121, 125, 188n, 192, 293, 297Group of Friends107, 171, 197–198, 204, 204n, 206–207, 210, 210n, 211–212, 214–215Of the Family171Of R2P197n, 308group politics3–5, 8–10, 12–16, 34, 36, 38, 40–42, 50, 160–161, 163, 169, 171, 174, 176, 179, 242–244, 265, 269, 286, 297–299, 302, 305–307, 311, 313, 315, 317–319, 321G16 Group of 16179–180, 187–190, 190n, 191–195, 309, 316G20 Group of 2069, 72, 131G-77 Group of 775–6, 11, 61, 64, 69, 76–77, 94, 111, 143, 145–146, 148–149, 202–203, 207, 209, 215, 217, 220, 241, 248, 259, 263, 307–308, 313–317JUSCANZ5, 5n, 23, 252, 315, 316Latin American and Caribbean group (GRULAC)4, 8–9, 23–24, 61–64, 69, 72, 172, 220, 231, 252, 254, 286n, 307High Ambition Coalition20, 135–136, 149, 152, 270–273, 276–279, 281, 308, 310Human Rights Council (HRC)4, 5n, 12, 34, 45, 49–50, 52, 54, 106, 159, 159n, 160–161, 161n, 162–163, 165–166, 168, 169n, 171, 173n, 174, 174n, 175–176, 196, 206, 219, 229, 234–235, 237, 290, 307–311, 315Independent Association of Latin America and the Caribbean (AILAC)268, 272–273, 275–276India3, 63, 82, 120–121, 125, 135, 144, 148, 183, 261, 263, 272, 279Indonesia97n, 115, 117–118, 120–123, 125, 127–128, 130, 130n, 131, 171, 192, 234, 261, 289, 294International Conference of Drug Regulatory Authorities (ICDRA)229, 236International Criminal Court (ICC)55, 65, 203, 285International Monetary Fund (IMF)243, 248–249, 261Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee142Iran71, 97n, 99, 101n, 102, 106–107, 126, 171, 190, 261, 263, 294Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)109Islamophobia106, 112Kyoto Protocol135, 139, 143–144, 270, 277League of Arab States98, 100, 103, 108, 178, 181, 181n, 203, 208–209, 286–287, 307Least Developed Countries131, 138, 138n, 270, 272–273, 275–276Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT)160, 171–174, 174n, 175, 310Libya51, 86n, 97n, 103n, 108, 112, 171, 208–209, 216, 292–293Like-Minded Developing Countries10, 270, 272, 275Malaysia97n, 101n, 115, 117–118, 121, 125–127, 130–131, 192, 205–206, 208, 212Maldives97n, 135, 137–138, 138n, 139–141, 145–151, 263, 314–315Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)219, 227, 230, 232, 241–242, 244, 246–250, 253, 255, 257–258, 266multilateralism3–5, 10–13, 16–17, 21, 23, 25–26, 28–31, 33–38, 40, 54–56, 81, 127–129, 136, 141, 144, 152, 191, 241, 244, 264, 266, 305–306, 308–310, 312, 316–321Myanmar71, 107, 107n, 115, 121, 126–127, 131–133, 289nNew Agenda Coalition23, 27, 111, 178, 309, 316Nigeria86n, 87, 90, 97n, 165, 187n, 188n, 206, 208Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)5, 9, 23, 27, 54, 65, 76, 77, 111, 118, 129, 152, 161, 178, 183, 190n, 202, 252, 286, 288, 299–300, 307, 317Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative (NPDI)178, 188Nordic Group9, 23, 52, 252Nuclear non-proliferation treaty (NPT)177–179, 181–184, 186–189, 189n, 190–195, 311Nuclear weapons61n, 84, 129, 177–183, 186–188, 190, 193Open Working Group on the Sustainable Development Goals (OWG)250–252, 254, 254n, 255–260, 262, 264Organization of American States (OAS)65, 69, 221–223, 235Organization of African Unity (OAU)76, 91, 91n, 200, 289Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)8, 21, 23, 97–98, 107, 286Pacific Island Forum150, 315Palestine77, 81, 97n, 97n2, 100n, 101–102, 104–106, 127, 264, 285–289, 289n, 289n2, 290, 290n, 291–299, 299n, 300, 302, 311, 313–314Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)221–223, 225Paris Agreement146–147, 151–152, 267, 310Philippines107n, 115, 118, 120–121, 125, 127, 188n, 192, 204, 260Political groups3–5, 10–11, 13, 17, 21, 23, 25, 27–28, 36–37, 46, 61, 98, 101, 105, 109–112, 136, 145, 149–152, 159–160, 162, 162n, 163, 170, 174, 178–182, 184, 189, 191, 193–195, 197, 207, 220, 237, 241–242, 252, 264, 268, 272, 286, 291, 307–311, 313, 316–317Protection of the family161, 163–164, 166–168, 171, 174–175, 315Rapoport, Anatol14, 184, 190, 211Regional groups3–5, 9, 15, 23–25, 37, 46, 51–52, 61–62, 87, 139, 148–149, 152, 159n, 161–162, 180, 183, 207, 215–217, 220–221, 237, 252–255, 259, 262, 268, 268n, 279, 305, 307, 309–310, 315, 317Responsibility to Protect7, 14, 23, 128, 196–218, 308, 310–311, 314Russia107n, 109, 146, 161, 164–168, 171, 199, 261, 271, 291, 305, 311, 315Rwanda86n, 86n21, 87, 90, 92, 196, 197n, 198, 202–204, 206, 208–209, 213, 215, 218, 293Saudi Arabia97n, 97n3, 99–101, 101n, 102, 146, 164, 168, 171, 272Sexual orientation14, 161, 162n, 163–164, 167, 169, 169n, 170, 170n, 171–172, 172n, 173–174, 174n, 175–176, 263, 308–309, 311Singapore115, 121, 125–127, 131, 138, 141, 146, 150, 204, 289n, 293, 300–301Small Island Developing States (SIDS)27, 136–139, 141–147, 149, 151–152, 252, 260–261, 263, 317South American Institute of Government in Health (ISAGS)226, 228, 229n, 232, 236South Africa82, 86n, 87, 90, 94, 125, 135, 164, 168–169, 169n, 180n, 192, 202–203, 208–209, 215, 218, 234, 272–273, 289, 294Southern African Development Community (SADC)86–87, 92Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR)61n, 68, 119, 170, 170n, 220–225, 227, 235–236Sustainable Development Goals14, 54, 76, 88, 132, 201n, 241–242, 244, 250, 250n, 251–255, 258, 260–262, 264, 266, 308, 310–311, 314Syria52, 81, 98n, 98n3, 100, 100n, 101–102, 102n, 103n, 108, 108n, 109–110, 112, 126, 174, 196, 215–216, 292, 314Technical Group on Universal Access to Medicines (GAUMU)232Thailand115, 118, 121, 123, 125, 125n, 127, 234, 289n, 293, 299Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement (TRIPS)233, 235Traditional values161–167, 170, 174–175Trinidad and Tobago64–65, 137–138, 140, 150, 289n, 293, 317Turkey10, 97n, 99, 99n, 101n, 102, 107, 145, 188, 261Union of South American Nations (UNASUR)23, 27, 61n, 219–237, 286, 288, 290–297, 299–302, 307, 309, 314, 316United Kingdom45–46, 48, 50–52, 63, 192, 259, 261–262, 293, 297, 312, 315–316United Nations3, 10, 12, 20, 23, 25, 26n, 28, 34, 41, 45, 54, 60, 65–66, 77–78, 80, 89, 91, 98, 100, 103, 105–106, 108, 116, 159, 177, 196, 219, 241, 243, 248, 250–251, 253, 263, 266, 285, 286n, 292, 294–295, 313Department of Peacekeeping Operations78Disarmament Commission177, 183Economic and Social Committee (ECOSOC)140, 229United Nations-African Union Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID)78, 80, 91–93United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)77United Nations Educations, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)105, 285–286, 288–289, 291–295, 297–299, 301–302, 311United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)7, 20, 24, 29, 34, 37, 40, 60–61, 61n, 62–67, 69, 71–72, 76–77, 77n, 80–82, 84–85, 94, 101, 103–107, 111, 118–119, 123–127, 130–131, 139, 141–142, 161–163, 172, 177, 182–183, 219, 229, 233–235, 237, 285–289, 291, 293–295, 297–302, 308, 310, 312–313, 315United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU)78, 79nUnited Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC)91United Nations Security Council (UNSC)26n, 45, 77–80, 87, 89–91, 93, 93n, 94, 147United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)20, 37, 111, 139, 142–144, 267–268, 268n, 269–281Conference of Parties20University for Peace89, 89nUnited States5, 23, 37, 45, 56, 60, 67–68, 145, 161, 161n, 167–168, 169n, 186, 222, 227, 231, 248, 252, 261–262, 305, 315Venezuela39n, 64, 67–71, 150, 175, 197, 205, 206n, 211, 219, 222–223, 260, 263Vietnam115, 117–118, 121, 123, 125–127, 260–261Western Europe and Others Group (WEOG)4, 23–24, 46, 180, 199, 201, 207, 212–213, 217, 220, 252, 254, 307, 315–316World Health Organization219, 223, 226–227, 229–232, 235–236, 309, 311World Trade Organization70, 219, 229, 233–235, 237, 243, 309