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General Index

Achna 48, 68
Acropolis (Athens) 207, 212, 218
actor 19, 35, 53, 93, 94, 96, 99, 125–126, 272, 277, 278, 279, 331, 332 comic actor; mask (theatrical); theatre
Adonis 126, 226, 231
adornment 223–224, 268 diadem; hair dress; headdress; necklace; tiara; veil/veiled figurines
adults 112, 122, 207, 211, 218, 219, 335, 338, 340
aediculae (domestic shrines) 37, 81 context, domestic; house; shrine
Aegean islands 360
Aegina 230, 231
Afghanistan 360
Africa/North Africa 2, 88, 98, 217, 321, 329–340, 342–355, 376
Africa Proconsularis 329–340
African, figurine of an 24, 35, 281, 281 n.3, 282, 366–367 Nubians
Africans 332, 366–367
afterlife 124, 125, 126, 127, 128
agency 353–355
agora
of Amathous 234
of Arsinoe 99
of Athens 121, 211, 246
of Metapontian 293
of Seleucia 395
Agorakritos 92
Ahiram sarcophagus 410
Ake 360, 368
Akko 373, 375, 376, 377
Akraiphia 224
alabastron 267, 268
Alassa 16
Alexander (the Great) 71, 94, 95, 96, 367, 368
sarcophagus 379
Alexandria, Egypt 16, 35, 74, 83, 109–110, 121, 122, 127, 128, 156, 157, 228, 280, 359, 360, 362, 363, 364, 366, 367, 375, 378, 395 Egypt
Alexandrian (coroplastic art) 84, 106, 114, 124, 359–369, 375 Egyptianising character/influence; Tyche of Alexandria; workshops, Egyptian/Alexandrian
Amargetti 154–156, 160
Amarynthos 203–212
Amathous 8, 13, 44, 46, 47, 48–49, 51, 94, 101–110, 112, 121, 124, 126, 127, 128, 131, 132, 136, 142, 143, 153, 155, 156–157, 158, 175, 234, 372, 373, 376–379
acropolis of 101, 102, 104, 110, 121–123, 126, 144, 171, 175
deposit MX 318 101–104, 106, 108, 109, 110, 121–123
Eastern Necropolis 112–128, 173–174
palace of 101, 104–106, 108, 109, 110, 175
sanctuary/ies of 8, 101, 104, 106–108, 110, 121, 126, 144, 171, 234
tunnel (subterranean cult place) 121, 123, 125, 126, 142, 234
Aphrodite, sanctuary at Amathous
Amazon with her horse 11
Amor/Amores 331, 334, 336, 338, 340 Venus with an Amor
amulet 110, 114, 344, 345, 348, 350, 408
Anafa (Tel) 373, 374, 379
Anafe 360
androgynous 126
animal(s) 28, 30, 34, 35–36, 37, 79–80, 167–171, 175, 176, 210, 211, 247, 330, 332, 347, 362–363
bone 276, 344, 345
figurines 28, 29, 30, 34, 35–36, 92, 150–151, 153, 154, 186, 187, 330, 332, 395–398, 405
sacred animals; zoomorphic figurines; zoomorphic masker statuettes
Antioch 16, 383, 395
Anubis 114, 337
Aphrodite 2, 13–16, 17, 18, 28, 30, 32, 33–34, 36, 38, 47–48, 56, 62, 63–67, 69, 72, 74, 79, 81, 94, 98, 101–110, 118, 120, 121–123, 125–126, 133, 142–143, 153, 156–158, 160, 175, 176, 210, 232–233, 234, 248, 251–257, 259–269, 272, 275, 277, 281, 284, 376, 380, 386, 397
Anadyomene 47, 106, 109
Ariadne 104, 109, 110
at her toilet (Toilet of Venus) 16
birth of 259–269
fastening her strophion  13–16, 24, 31
sanctuary at Amathous 74, 101–110, 121, 142, 144, 171
sanctuary at Soloi 46
with Eros 16, 17, 18, 30, 33, 34, 47, 74, 79, 94–95, 101–110, 231, 248
Astarte; Eros; Erotes; Isis Aphrodite
Apis 38, 362, 373, 374
Apollo 74, 79, 81–82, 84–86, 126, 155, 156, 158, 212, 237, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 336, 339, 386, 390
Hylates, sanctuary at Kourion 45, 150, 154, 156, 160, 171, 174
kitharodos 74, 75, 81, 123
sanctuary at Amargetti 154–155
sanctuary at Pyla-Vikla 158
Apollonia Pontica 231, 232
Apostolina 196, 197, 200
appliqué (technique) 31, 32, 308, 310, 312, 313
Apuleius 336
Arados 368
Arcadia 82, 165–177
Archaic 2, 44, 49, 62, 71, 82, 84, 88, 89, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 144, 146, 149, 150, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 165, 175, 176, 180, 203, 207, 211, 215, 220, 247, 248, 251, 252, 253, 257, 262, 312, 314, 360
archetype 109, 362
architectural decoration 360, 368, 398
Argos 110, 210, 210 n3
Ariadne 231, 281, 282 Aphrodite-Ariadne
army 368, 390
Arsinoe (city) 71–86, 88–99, 146–149 Marion
Arsinoe II (Philadelphos) 2, 71, 88, 109, 146
Arsinoe III 109, 110
Arsos 44, 46, 109, 132, 153
Artemis 46, 47, 48, 79, 81, 82, 84, 101, 126, 136, 142–143, 158, 165, 168, 171, 203, 211–212, 218, 226, 229, 233, 234, 251–257, 259–260, 261, 267, 269, 272, 295, 300, 301, 302, 336
Amarysia, sanctuary at Amarynthos 203–212
dadophoros  74, 77, 79, 142
holding a stag (or deer) 45, 48, 56, 229
Hymnia 82
Kynegetis 79, 80
Paralia, sanctuary at Kition 44, 45, 48–49, 53, 60–69
sanctuaries 234, 251–257, 259–261
sanctuary at Brauron 212, 218
initiation; Kore-Persephone; puberty; rites of passage
Artemision 211, 253, 254, 255, 257, 259, 260
articulated/movable limbs 215, 217, 219, 220, 221
Asia Minor 1, 2, 19, 35, 74, 88, 104, 120, 124, 160, 189, 200, 209, 210, 217, 226, 228, 229, 254, 360, 373, 375, 376, 378, 395, 397
Asklepieion  275, 277, 282, 283
assimilation 251, 368
Astarte 30, 62–63, 68, 69, 94, 95, 104, 125, 153, 158, 376, 388, 390, 409
astragaloi  122
Atargatis 376, 380, 393
atef crown 359
Athena 143, 165, 176, 207, 210, 224, 231–232, 266–267
Athens 30, 55, 60, 66, 79, 81, 92, 94, 95, 96, 98, 99, 121, 204, 205, 207, 208, 209, 212, 217, 224, 231, 234, 248, 284, 364, 367, 376 Acropolis (Athens); agora; Praxiteles of Athens
Athienou-Malloura 48, 171, 173
Attic 52, 68, 69, 150, 228, 232, 233, 247, 256, 268, 380
Attica 69, 210, 211, 212, 217, 226, 360
Attis 101, 126, 330, 331, 337, 338, 340, 387
attribute(s) 7, 8, 12, 15, 24, 47, 63, 125, 142, 143, 168, 211, 223, 229, 238, 251–257, 259–269, 362, 376, 379, 392
Augustine, Saint 336
Ayia Irini 144, 173
Ayios Iacovos-Dhima 144
Ayios Philemon 73
banqueter(s) 146–148, 252, 295–298, 301–302 male figurine, reclining
base 13, 15, 16, 24, 32, 33–34, 66, 73, 74, 79, 82, 104, 106, 112, 114, 117, 118, 123, 132, 133, 136, 154, 156, 160, 261, 295, 300, 313, 315, 350, 352, 362, 386, 400, 405
bath(s) 9, 11, 12, 16, 38, 142, 249, 260, 267–268, 274, 315, 334, 338
bathing 47, 142, 267 Nuptial bath/nymphikon loutron
Baubo 2, 362, 364, 371, 373, 375, 380
Beersheba 68, 372–373
Begram 360
Beirut 360, 368
Bendis 300
Benghazi 52, 53
Berenice II 109
Bes 154, 329, 330, 331, 332, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 344, 345, 359, 362, 364, 373, 380
bibelots  408
birth of Aphrodite:Aphrodite
body 13, 15, 16, 18, 31, 32, 34, 47, 48, 50, 52, 53, 56, 74–75, 79, 104, 105–106, 108–109, 112, 118, 122, 123, 124, 127, 133, 136, 152, 154, 157, 187, 191, 195, 203–204, 207, 224, 238, 247, 256, 259, 260, 261–262, 265–269, 276, 278, 315, 316, 322, 324, 348, 351, 362, 364, 386, 387, 390, 391, 398–399
Boeotia 51, 79, 96, 204, 205, 208, 210, 210 n.3, 224, 226, 230, 231, 237–249, 360, 367
Boeotian 53, 237–249, 407
Bothros  88, 98, 133, 173
Botrys 368
boy, seated 49, 52–53, 125, 159–160, 203–204, 209–211
bread stamp 349, 352, 408
breast(s) 48, 63, 94, 95, 101, 102, 104, 105, 106, 107, 109, 114, 122, 142, 155, 158, 176, 233, 256, 260, 336, 359, 362, 364, 405 Aphrodite fastening her strophion
bride(s) 2, 218, 231, 233–234, 251–257, 259, 260, 268 nymphe/nymphai
bronze/metal figurine/statue 13, 14, 15, 165–166, 176, 183, 226, 229, 237, 246, 365–366, 368, 373, 397 tin foil
Bronze Age 1, 143–144, 146, 153, 200
bull masker figurines 171–175, 176 zoomorphic masker statuettes
bulla  363
bull-deity 362
burial(s) 1, 7, 8, 46, 114, 124–127, 144–145, 150, 153, 215, 267, 289, 290, 301, 321, 324, 329–340, 360, 379, 400, 402–411 child/children’s burials; context, funerary; funerary; grave(s); necropolis/necropoleis; offerings; rites; tomb(s)
Byblos 16, 368
Byzantine 73, 274, 406, 407, 409, 411
cemetery 402–411
camel(s) 154, 405, 407
captive(s) 360
Capua 49, 310
caricatures 19, 35, 187, 210, 316
ceramic fabric 2, 25–31, 44, 47, 68, 96, 101, 123, 149, 301–302, 359, 360–362, 388 petrographic analysis
Chaironeia 246, 247
chamber 359
chamber, burial/tomb 112, 149, 150, 400, 407, 409
chariot 23–24, 229, 359, 383
charioteer (chariot rider) 33, 34, 35, 94 horse; horse-and-rider; Persian Rider
child/children 11, 15, 36, 47, 52–53, 56, 74, 93–94, 96, 99, 101–111, 120, 122, 124, 150, 152, 153, 154, 183, 203–212, 218, 232, 233, 234, 252, 256–257, 268, 272, 295, 296, 297, 298, 310, 329–340, 343, 344, 345, 347, 354, 355, 362, 363–364, 375, 377–378, 379, 383, 387, 391–392, 395, 398, 400, 408
child/children’s burials 46, 127, 150, 153, 218, 267, 329–340, 409
childbirth 79, 104, 153, 211, 212, 268, 269
chiton 34, 48, 56, 63, 74, 79, 83, 92, 95, 105, 106, 107, 108, 114, 118, 122, 133, 136, 142, 168, 204, 215, 256, 310, 362
chitoniskos  300
chlamys 364
choes, Attic 52
Christian 106, 354, 403, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410
chronology 2, 8, 12, 13, 24, 28, 44, 132, 171, 180, 186, 189, 246–247, 259, 272–284, 291, 406–407
chthonic 124, 125, 142
Chytroi 46
cistern 79, 126, 274, 276, 280
civilisation 171, 175, 369
Classical 1, 2, 36, 44, 45, 46, 48, 51, 60, 62, 68, 69, 71, 73, 74, 81, 82, 84, 88, 89, 92, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 106, 109, 114, 124, 126, 146, 148, 149, 150, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 160, 171, 176, 180, 209, 215, 234, 237 n.1, 248, 249, 274, 395
Cleopatra II 110
Cleopatra III 110
coast 68, 88, 124, 131, 155, 211, 278, 289, 332, 339, 360, 361, 362, 368, 371, 372, 373, 377, 380
Coele Syria  360, 371–380
coexistence 180, 368
coiffure 53, 118, 156, 157, 277, 281, 282, 362 hair; hairdo; hairstyle
coin 68, 112 n.1, 114, 124, 127, 143, 226, 275, 277, 321, 322, 349, 351, 359, 368, 376, 383, 408
collar 363
colour (decoration) 3, 16, 20, 24, 33–34, 47, 51, 55, 96–97, 99, 102, 114, 116, 120, 123–124, 127, 133, 149, 150, 191–200, 203, 207, 212, 219, 224, 238, 248, 278, 312–313, 315, 321, 342, 344, 345, 386, 388, 397–398, 403, 405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410–411 ochre; pigment; polychromy; tin foil
comic actor 94, 96 actor; mask (theatrical); theatre
comic mask heads 46
communication theory 215, 218–221
compromise 368
connection 62, 68, 84, 124, 125, 144, 145, 146, 154, 165, 171, 175, 203, 218, 278, 280, 283, 322, 353, 359, 360, 383, 409
connectivity 176, 368
conquest 367, 368
Constantine, Rome, Palazzo dei Conservatori, colossal head 55
context, domestic 1, 2, 3, 7–38, 46, 47, 81, 91–92, 94, 96, 97, 125–126, 156, 158, 160, 215–221, 224–225, 272–274, 289–302, 305–314, 315, 317, 319, 322, 342, 342–355, 360, 377, 388, 389, 392, 393 aediculae (domestic shrines); cult, domestic/household; farmhouse; house
context, funerary 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 35, 47, 112–128, 156, 158, 215–221, 224–225, 247–248, 315, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321–324, 329–340, 360, 402–411 burial(s); funerary; grave(s); necropolis/necropoleis; offerings; tomb(s)
context, sacred (religious/ritual) 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 13, 35, 44–57, 60–69, 71–86, 88–99, 106, 124, 125, 153, 156, 158, 160, 165–177, 189, 191, 203–212, 215–221, 224–225, 272–274, 289–302, 305–314, 313, 319, 322, 329–340, 359, 360, 368, 389, 400–401, 409 cult(s); offerings; ritual deposit; sanctuary/sanctuaries; shrine(s); votive deposit; votive terracottas
contextualisation 2, 12–13, 38, 180, 186, 252, 259, 275
Corinth 217, 218, 226, 228, 229, 231, 246, 261, 272, 280, 283–284, 364
cornucopia 18, 34, 298–299, 363–365, 409
coroplastic 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 24, 35, 36, 44, 45, 46, 49, 88, 96, 98, 99, 101, 102, 104, 112, 114, 121, 122, 123, 124, 126, 127, 128, 133, 146, 165, 186, 203, 204, 232, 237, 246, 247, 248, 249, 252, 257, 259, 261, 267, 275, 277, 278, 280, 284, 305–314, 359 n.1, 372, 373, 392, 395, 397, 398, 400
coroplastic production 24–34, 46, 68–69, 88, 89, 96–99, 122, 124, 126, 127, 128, 180–200, 207–209, 210, 246, 272, 275, 281, 283, 284, 289–302, 310, 312, 342, 359, 360, 371, 395, 398 kiln; manufacture; moulds; production; raw materials; workshop(s)
coroplasts 3, 24, 30, 98, 99, 123, 154, 175, 183, 189, 246, 290, 297, 298, 301, 368, 372, 397, 398
cosmetic palettes 408
cosmetics (make up) 265–266, 405
courtyard 11, 37, 68, 79, 89, 91, 218, 346, 359
Cozzo Presepe 299
craftsmanship 96, 182, 361
cremation 127, 335, 339
Crete 94
cross-torch 291–295, 298, 300, 301, 302
crotch 362
Crucinia 295
cubicula  11, 38
cult(s) 35, 36, 47, 62, 63, 66, 69, 71, 72, 74, 79, 81–86, 92, 94, 101, 110, 121, 123, 124, 126, 143, 144, 153, 154, 165–177, 189, 203, 215, 218, 226, 228–229, 234, 248, 251, 310, 312, 329, 364, 368–369, 375, 376–380, 393
domestic/household 18, 36–38, 81, 92, 322
of the dead 123
rural 177
(domestic shrines); context, sacred; Dionysos, cult of; religion; rites; sacred; sanctuary/sanctuaries; shrine(s)
cult attendant 364
cult images 177
cultic 18, 35, 60, 62, 69, 71, 72, 79, 81, 82, 112, 145, 168, 368, 376, 400
cultural diffusion 407
Cybele 92–93, 96, 99, 226, 228–229, 234, 272, 331, 337, 340, 376–377, 380
Cypro-Archaic 88, 104, 112, 114, 125, 171, 173, 174, 175, 176, 371
Cypro-Classical 88, 132, 143, 144, 146, 171
Cypro-Phoenician 176
Cyprus Exploration Fund (CEF) 146, 149, 154, 156
Cyrenaica 52–53, 104, 154, 209, 210, 210 n.3, 217, 365
Cyrene 145, 217, 233–234
Damophon cult statue group 166–170
dancer/dancing figures 2, 82–84, 101, 122, 165–166, 168–169, 171, 175, 212, 226–234, 248, 298–300, 302, 364–366, 376–377, 409–410
database 12, 186, 342 n.2, 345–347, 350–353, 359, 360
De civitate Dei  336
dea Tyria gravida (or dea gravida) 94, 153
deer 19, 22, 30, 33, 36, 37, 45, 48 Artemis holding a stag; stag
deity/deities 13, 30, 36, 37, 46, 47, 48, 62, 63, 71, 74, 79, 81, 82, 83, 94, 95, 84, 86, 101, 110, 122, 124, 125, 142, 143, 154, 158, 165, 167, 168, 171, 173, 175, 176, 210, 211, 218, 226, 229, 232, 233, 234, 248, 251, 253, 290, 310, 312, 315, 321, 329, 332, 336, 337, 339, 340, 359, 362, 368, 373, 376, 378, 379, 380 visiting gods
Delos 19, 35, 106, 142, 360, 362, 364, 367, 368, 373–375, 376
Demeter 45, 47, 53, 62, 68, 81, 124, 125, 142, 143, 145, 154, 168, 171, 218, 226, 229, 231, 232, 234, 251, 261, 291–293
and Kore, sanctuary at Corinth 214, 226, 261
and Persephone, sanctuary at Cyrene 145
sanctuary at Poseidonia 53
Despoina, sanctuary at Lykosoura 165–171, 177
diadem 16, 47, 102, 187, 265 adornment; hair dress; headdress; tiara; veil/veiled figurines
Diadochoi  96
diaspora 362
digital humanities 1, 3, 38
digitisation 3
Diodorus Siculus 88, 149
Dionysiac (characteristics, imagery, world) 121, 125–126, 274–275
Dionysos 16, 19, 30, 31, 33, 36, 120–121, 122, 124–126, 210, 226, 231, 248, 272, 281, 386, 391–392
cult of 125–126, 226, 274
House of Dionysos
Dioscuri 74, 78, 79, 101, 378, 379–380
Diphilos 94, 275, 277
diptych/diptychon 52, 53, 125, 203–212, 379
documentary papyri 360
dog(s) 16, 19–20, 22, 24, 28, 30, 31, 34, 35–36, 38, 154, 169, 171, 238, 332, 337, 362–363
doll(s) 122, 187, 212, 216–221, 277, 344–346, 348, 405–406, 408, 409
dolphin(s) 334, 404–405
domestic:,context, domesticcult, domestic/household; farmhouse; house
Dor (Tel) 371, 372, 373, 376, 377
Doros 368
dove 45, 104, 153, 253, 262, 330, 332, 333
dromos 112, 148, 150
drum 390–391
drum player 359
Dura Europos 47, 393
dumps/rubbish 104, 289, 305, 329, 342, 344, 353, 383
dwarf 362
Dyrrhachion 260, 261, 269 Epidamnos-Dyrrhachion
economy 146, 359
Egypt 19, 35, 36, 37, 47, 50, 71, 88, 104, 109–110, 142, 154, 156, 157, 160, 209, 210, 210 n.3, 220, 231, 342, 347, 354, 355, 360, 362, 363, 365, 367, 372, 373, 376, 378, 379, 380, 395, 402, 405, 406, 307 Alexandria, Egypt
Egyptian 114, 123, 143, 272, 337, 342, 363, 366, 367–369, 372, 373, 380, 407, 408
Egyptian blue 196–197, 198, 200, 398
Egyptianising character/influence 16, 18, 19, 35, 359–369, 373–376, 407 Alexandrian (coroplastic art)
El Kenissia 329, 330
Eleusis 231, 365
elite(s) 35, 84, 175, 177, 368, 369, 388
Eloro, Sicily, Santuario nuovo 45
Enkomi 53, 144
entertainment 367
ephebes 204, 210, 212, 248–249
Epidamnos-Dyrrhachion 251–254, 257
Episkopi 131, 174
Eretria 203–212, 231, 257
Amarynthos 203, 204
Erimi
Bamboula 131–145
Kafkalla 144
Pitharka 144
Eros 15, 16, 17, 18, 30, 33, 34, 37, 47, 74, 76, 79, 94, 95, 101–110, 123, 124, 126, 154, 159–160, 210, 231, 255–257, 261–266, 267, 268, 272, 275–276, 280–281, 284, 308, 310, 372, 379, 387
holding a lowered torch 16, 24, 28, 110
Aphrodite with Eros
Erotes 47, 104, 120, 126, 154, 160, 248, 265, 267, 280, 383
Ethiopia 360
Ethiopians 366
ethnic name 360
Etruria 369
Euandria, relief of 55
Euboea 203–213, 231
Eucharistic 403
Eutresis 231, 246, 247, 365
experimental work 25, 30
ex-votos 104, 106, 110, 310, 312
eyes 19, 49, 54, 55, 120, 152–153, 199, 200, 223, 226, 277, 281, 282–283, 316, 322, 343, 364, 386, 387, 390, 405, 409–410
fabric:ceramic fabric
fabric (clothing) 106, 107, 109, 223–224, 228, 231, 233
face 16, 19, 30, 33, 35, 49–50, 51, 68, 74, 79, 96, 101, 114, 126, 136, 146, 150, 152, 153, 154, 155, 160, 187, 196, 199, 203–204, 207, 210, 223–224, 226, 228–229, 233–234, 237, 238, 265, 281, 282, 284, 310, 315, 316, 319, 362, 364, 379, 383, 387, 390, 391–392, 405, 406, 410
farmhouse 289, 291, 294, 297, 299–300
Favale 294, 295, 298, 300, 301
favissa  104, 152, 359, 362, 364, 371–373, 377
Fayum 342
female figurine, reclining 18, 399, 398–401
female figurine, pregnant 48–49, 153, 359 pregnant woman
fertility 62, 71, 78, 81, 83–84, 223, 233, 234, 261, 268, 347, 355, 369, 391, 409
deity/goddess 47, 69, 81, 84, 94, 98, 153, 233, 336, 409
festival 211–212, 233, 364
fish 154, 404–405, 406, 409
fish bone 195, 199
fishing 223
frog 332
funerary
funerary portraits 47, 54–56, 324
funerary practices 124–128, 148, 247–248, 324, 329–340, 371, 402–411
burial(s); context, funerary; grave(s); necropolis/necropoleis; offerings; rites; tomb(s)
Garigliano River 312
garment 15, 56, 95, 97, 101, 104, 105, 106, 109, 154, 156, 158, 167, 168, 175, 211, 224, 233, 260, 261, 262, 265, 343, 362, 366
gate 101, 383, 388
Genetrix 336
genius 315, 322–324
Genius Terrae Africae  337, 340
Geometric 180, 203, 247
geometric (plaster figurines) 402, 403–405
gesture 13, 16, 63, 95, 108. 114, 118, 122, 153, 155, 204, 224, 231, 234, 251, 256, 257, 259, 329, 334, 336, 338, 364 ritual gesture
gingerbread-man type 342–343
girl, seated 52–53, 204, 209, 339
glass 91, 99, 196, 200, 203, 322, 344, 345, 346, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 359, 360, 403, 405–406, 407, 410
goddess with uplifted arms 94, 95
Golgoi 44, 105, 106, 108–109, 149, 171, 172, 175
Agios Photios 53
goose 332, 364, 365
grapes 16, 121, 124, 126, 298, 338
grave(s) 51–52, 54, 56, 127, 173, 215, 218, 246–248, 253, 259, 260, 261, 267–268, 275, 276–280, 321, 323, 329–340, 392 burial(s); context, funerary; funerary; necropolis/necropoleis; offerings; rites; tomb(s)
Greek islands 95, 217
Greek (language) 368
grotesque figurine/grotesques 19, 21, 33, 35, 53, 160, 171, 187, 248, 272, 275, 281, 322, 331, 332, 367, 373, 380, 395
guild-seat 315, 322
Gurza 337, 339
gymnasium 212
gyne 223–234, 257, 269
habits 44–57, 69, 203, 229, 368
Haditha  402, 410
Hadra 127
Hadrumetum (Sousse) 332, 334–335, 337, 338, 339, 340
hair 13, 16, 33, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 54, 55, 56, 83, 91, 96, 101, 102, 105, 108, 109, 110, 114, 118, 120, 123, 136, 142, 148, 149, 152, 155, 156, 158, 159, 160, 192, 193, 199, 200, 204, 207, 211, 218, 226, 229, 230, 231, 233, 237, 238, 246, 254, 256, 266, 267, 310, 316, 343, 347, 364, 366, 387, 405, 409, 410
hair dress 46, 53 diadem; headdress; tiara; veil/veiled figurines
hairdo 92, 158
hairstyle 51–52, 96, 106, 109, 114, 124, 187, 231, 233, 238, 254, 283–284, 308, 310, 311, 319, 320, 386 coiffure
Halai 240, 241, 243, 246–248, 365
hand 15, 16, 19, 30, 33, 34, 47, 48, 52, 56, 63, 74, 79, 82, 92, 94, 95, 101, 105, 106, 109, 114, 118, 120, 122, 123, 126, 133, 136, 142, 155, 156, 158, 168, 175, 176, 203, 204, 207, 209, 210, 224, 229, 231, 256, 261, 262, 265, 268, 291, 294, 295, 298, 300, 308, 312, 315, 316, 322, 339, 362, 363, 364, 390–391, 410
handmade (hand-modelled) 50, 82, 148, 150, 153, 154, 183, 312, 342, 383, 386, 390, 342, 359, 397
harbour 70, 315–324, 360
Harpies 277, 282
Harpocrates 15, 35, 37, 154, 362–365, 373
Hathoric iconography 362
Hauran 405
headdress 52, 63, 92, 96, 229–231, 238, 253–254, 373, 398 diadem; hair dress; tiara; veil/veiled figurines
healing 215, 218, 369
hegemon therapon 120
Hegeso and Kalliston, Athens, stele 54
Hekate 142, 143
Hellenisation 38, 368
Henchir el-Hami 339
Hera 49, 143
Herakleia 267, 294, 298, 300
Herakles 47, 49–50, 224, 272, 281, 386, 392, 397
Epitrapezios 94, 397
fighting the Lion of Nemea 11
holding a club 50
strangling the snakes 49
herm 120–121, 122, 125, 300
Hermes 16, 37, 210, 231, 237, 248
Hesiod 259, 265, 266
himation 63, 66, 79, 92, 95, 97, 106, 114, 118, 124, 133, 136, 204, 207, 228, 256, 261, 310, 362, 364
hinterland 73, 154, 359, 360, 361
Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite 268
horse 11, 94, 95, 150, 151, 152, 153–154, 169, 171, 187, 210, 247, 295, 296, 297, 331, 332, 336, 347, 359, 364–365, 379, 380, 386, 387, 390, 391, 398
horse-and-rider 30, 94, 150–152, 153–154, 156, 160, 359, 372, 379, 380, 383, 384, 387–389, 390, 392, 393, 398, 400 charioteer (chariot rider); Persian rider
Horus 114
house 1, 8, 9, 11, 15, 18, 34, 35–38, 79, 81, 99, 131, 132, 180, 189, 191, 199, 215, 274, 275, 289, 299, 314, 324, 344–346, 347, 348–349, 354, 355, 360, 383, 388, 392, 395, 400, 407 context, domestic; cult, domestic/household; farmhouse
House of Dionysos 9–10, 14–15, 16, 19–20, 31, 35, 36, 38
House of Marcus Fabius Rufus 305–314
House of Orpheus 7–38, 46
human representations 330, 331, 340
Humayma 405, 408–409
hybridisation 362
hydria/hydriae 47, 50, 114, 127, 210, 231, 232, 255, 268
hydrophoroi  47, 50–51, 126, 247, 377
Hymnia  82
hypocaust 11, 12
iconography 1, 2, 8, 12, 13, 15, 16, 18, 24, 33, 34–37, 44, 47, 60, 62, 63–66, 68, 71, 74, 79, 82, 83–84, 92, 109, 112, 124, 126, 133, 143, 146–160, 165, 167, 176, 177, 209, 216, 219, 246, 251, 252, 254, 255, 256, 257, 260, 261, 267, 315, 322, 345, 348, 353, 359, 362, 363–364, 368, 376, 380, 388, 395, 398
Idalion 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 50, 53, 105, 106–107, 109
idol(s) 132
Idumaean 372, 373
Ilion (Troy):Troy (Ilion)
immigrants 60, 376
imperial ideologies 37
indigenous 165, 361–362, 368, 383
Indus River 360
infant(s) 153, 267, 268, 295, 308, 310, 312, 373
infantes  339, 340
influence 3, 38, 71, 81, 82, 83, 84, 94, 101, 106, 109–110, 121, 124, 126, 128, 146, 160, 175, 176, 180, 189, 209, 215, 217, 237, 248, 249, 280, 329, 337, 359, 360, 367, 368, 371, 372, 373, 375, 376, 383, 395–401, 402, 407
inhumation 321, 322
initiation 125, 211, 212, 232, 233–234, 260
inland 155, 289, 360, 371, 372, 380
inscription 12, 13, 14–15, 16, 24, 37, 47, 62, 66, 72, 81, 110, 149, 154–155, 211, 228, 229, 233–234, 248, 251, 253, 267, 274, 330, 331, 332, 333, 336, 360, 368, 373, 379
Insula Occidentalis  305, 314
intaglio 31, 229
interaction(s) 38, 189, 362, 367, 398
intercultural dialogue 400
interdisciplinary approaches 2–3
intramural 400
Ioppe 368
Iron Age 68, 165, 172, 175, 390, 393, 402
Isiac characteristics 16
figure(s) 374
knot 362, 364, 366
Isis 18, 35, 36, 37, 48–49, 79, 83–84, 101, 110, 126, 143, 156–157, 228, 362, 364, 373
lactans 104, 362, 363, 373
“Isis Aphrodite” 126, 373–374
Islamic 402
Isola Sacra necropolis 318
ivy (leaves, crown, plant) 104, 110, 114, 123, 125, 126
Jebel Khalid 37, 383–393
jewellery 12, 15, 54, 63, 106, 146, 152, 153, 207, 219, 224, 231, 233, 256, 266, 268 necklace
jewel(s) 187, 262, 265, 268
Jewish 407, 408
Jews 360, 371, 380, 408
Jordan 402–411
Jordan Valley 405
Judea 360, 373
Juret al-Khawatim 359
Kabirion (Kabiroi sanctuary) 53, 237 n.1, 242, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248
Kabiroi 248
kalathos  52, 53, 63, 64
Karanis 342–355, 406, 407, 408, 409
kausia  375, 376, 379, 387
Kazaphani 55
Kerameikos 81, 246
Kharayeb 74, 83, 210, 359–369, 372, 373, 375, 377, 378, 379
Khirbet es-Samrā 402–411
kiln 11, 30, 32, 91, 96, 97, 99, 180, 181, 182, 183, 246, 289–291, 294, 302
Kition 44, 45, 48, 53, 60, 62, 68, 69, 82, 133, 143, 156, 372, 373
Bamboula 45
Batsalos 44
Kathari 175
Artemis Paralia, sanctuary at Kition; Larnaca
kline 18, 56, 275, 295, 297
kneeling woman 142, 259–269
Knidos 51
knucklebone (game, player) 118–119, 122
koine 35, 38, 44, 69, 121, 124, 128, 146, 371–380, 383 Levantine koine
Kopienkritik  237
kore/korai 104, 132, 233, 252, 253, 262, 266, 359
Kore (Demeter and) 68, 81, 226, 232 Demeter and Kore, sanctuary at Corinth
Kore-Persephone 251
Kouklia
Skales 144
Palaepaphos 154
Kourion 19, 24, 30, 38, 46, 47, 74, 83, 97, 131, 143, 159, 372, 377, 380, 383, 384, 387, 390 Apollo Hylates, sanctuary at Kourion
kourotrophos  101, 211–212, 310
kourotrophos/kourotrophoi figurines 101–110, 150, 152–153, 158, 377–378
Kyme 226
Kyrenia 47, 83
Kythrea 45, 47
Lagids 359
lamenting 410 mourning
lamps 37, 79, 91, 99, 114, 153, 181, 189, 203, 322, 348, 349, 350, 355
Larnaca 45, 49, 53, 60–69, 104, 153, 154, 157, 158, 372 Kition
Lebanon 74, 210, 364 Kharayeb
Lébbadé 407
Lebes gamikos 256, 267
Ledroi 30
Lefkoniko 44
leg 15, 16, 18, 33, 47, 48, 50, 56, 79, 105, 106, 114, 118, 133, 136, 142, 150, 156, 158, 187, 203, 228, 238, 256, 261, 297, 343, 351, 362, 386, 390, 405, 409
legend 175–176, 368
lekanis 233
lekythos/lekythoi 126, 210, 231, 232, 238, 256, 257, 305
Leptiminus (Lamta) 334, 335, 337
Levantine koine  371–380
levigation of clay 96, 97
limestone sculpture 11, 37, 44–57, 74, 83, 101–110, 146, 148, 149, 153, 154, 155, 156, 159, 160, 171, 172, 175, 342, 344, 405
Limnitis 54
Lindos 142
lion/lioness 91–92, 229, 300, 337 Herakles fighting the Lion of Nemea
Lipari 19
lips 19, 123, 200, 281, 322, 343, 366
Livadeia 224, 231
Locri 254
Locris 267, 365
louterion  267, 305, 307
loutrophoros/loutrophoroi  256, 268
Lucania 254, 290, 294, 300, 301
Lusoi 165
lycanthropy 165
Lykios 81
Lykosoura 165–170, 171, 176–177
Lysippos 94
Macedonia 189, 253, 360, 365
Macedonian 189, 199, 375, 379, 387
Macedonians 247
maenads 122, 169, 171
magic 37, 342, 346–347
male figurine, reclining/reclining banqueter 47, 53, 56, 146, 292, 293, 295–298, 301, 302, 363
Maltese spitz (or terrier type) 19, 22, 38, 362–363
mantle 16, 47, 48, 52, 56, 74, 79, 105, 155, 364
dancer(s) 2, 226–231, 364–366
manufacture 3, 11, 28, 31, 68, 79, 91, 99, 181–186, 191–200, 204, 207, 289–302, 342, 360, 369, 387–388
manufacturing process/techniques 24–34, 123–124, 359–369, 397–398, 407–408 coroplastic production; kiln; moulds; pottery kiln; production; workshop(s)
Maratheri:Polis-Maratheri; sanctuaries at Peristeries and Maratheri
marble 11, 13, 15, 16, 19, 44, 66, 82, 101, 106, 110, 121, 136, 142, 183, 199, 207, 237, 246, 251, 254, 257, 320, 322, 339, 344, 345, 368, 397
Maresha 154, 360, 361, 372–380
Marica, goddess 312
marine 168, 310, 405
mariners 380
Marion 47, 71, 105, 155, 160
Arsinoe 30, 71–86, 88–99, 146–149
Peristeries 94
Arsinoe; Polis (Chrysochous)
Maroni 144
Vournes 46
marriage 81, 84, 153, 211, 212, 218, 232, 233–234, 252, 253, 254, 256–257, 259–269
Mary 409
mask 21, 94, 122, 125, 165–177, 226–228, 233, 247, 272, 281, 338, 379 bull masker figurines; zoomorphic masker statuettes; veil/veiled figurines
mask (theatrical) 18–19, 21, 33, 35, 38, 46, 53, 112, 114, 118, 120, 124, 125–126, 228, 223, 277–278, 278 n.2, 279, 281, 395 actor; comic actor; comic mask head
maturity 84, 212, 254, 260, 268, 391
Mauretania Caesariensis 329–340
Mefite, goddess 312
Meisterforschung 237
Meleager 380
Memphis 362
Mercury 331, 336, 337, 340
Mersinaki 46, 74, 81, 155
Mesopotamia 1, 357, 376, 380, 395–411
Mesopotamian 200, 372, 383, 395, 397, 398, 400, 407
Metapontion 289–302
Metroön 92
Middle Comedy 94
Miletus 109, 228, 229
Milkashtart 368
Minoan 1
mirror 16, 48, 109, 114, 153, 224, 231, 256, 257, 261–262, 264, 267, 268, 333, 339, 402–411
Mispe-Yamim 360
mitra 253–255
Morgantina 125, 142, 277
mother 15, 92, 101, 104, 105, 110, 124, 150, 211, 212, 223–234, 248, 252
mother goddess 109, 229, 336, 340, 409
Mother of the Gods 229, 272, 275
moulds
moulded/mould-made 3, 24, 30, 74, 79, 82, 83, 95, 104, 114, 123, 148, 152, 153, 154, 156, 158, 159, 167, 182, 189–207, 289, 290, 342, 362, 366, 383, 384, 386, 387, 388, 389, 391, 392, 393, 398, 403, 407
moulds and mould impressions 11, 14, 16, 18, 20, 25–26, 30–32, 35–36, 47, 60, 69, 89, 91, 92, 94, 97–98, 99, 101, 118, 121, 142, 150, 152, 181–187, 189, 191, 204, 207, 208, 231, 246, 249, 274, 278, 280, 281, 284, 291, 292, 293, 295, 298, 300, 301, 302, 310, 315, 359, 360, 362, 373, 384, 387, 397
mould series 291–302
plaster moulds
mourning 148, 226, 410
mouth 19, 49, 53, 54, 55, 120, 231, 233, 234, 277, 281, 283, 316, 321, 322, 364, 366, 387, 405, 409, 410
Munsell 25, 96, 96 n.1
Muses 120, 122, 123
music 82, 83–84, 123, 171, 175, 209, 211, 275, 336, 348–349, 364, 367, 376, 377, 390
musician(s) 74, 82–83, 118, 123, 226, 228, 364, 377, 390–391, 398 tambourine player
Mycenaean 1, 180, 180 n.1, 192, 199
Myrina 13–14, 52–53, 104, 109, 121, 122, 210, 210 n.3, 226, 229, 272, 275, 276, 277, 278, 280, 281, 284, 360, 362, 364, 395
mysteries 125–126, 177
myth/mythology 47, 49, 74, 79, 165–177, 210, 223, 232, 257, 266–267, 330–332, 336–340, 379
Nabataean 402, 409
Nahr el-Qasimiye 359, 361
Nea Paphos 7, 8–9, 19, 30, 66, 149, 371 House of Dionysos; House of Orpheus; Villa of Theseus
Near East 1, 3, 98, 152, 153, 392, 395, 402, 407, 409
necropolis/necropoleis 62, 112–128, 146, 148, 150, 156, 157, 158, 189, 224, 231, 247, 260, 262, 267, 300, 318, 320–322, 329–340 Amathous, Eastern Necropolis; Byzantine cemetery; burial(s); context, funerary; funerary; grave(s); Isola Sacra necropolis; offerings; tomb(s)
necklace 63, 64, 105, 107, 108, 132, 192, 199, 261, 265, 267, 343, 344 jewellery
Neolithic 146, 180, 402, 409
Nereid riding a hippocampus 308, 310, 312
Nero 336, 349
networks 3, 37, 88, 112, 302, 360, 371
Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) 25–29, 387–388
New Comedy 94, 120, 316
Nicholas Rodios, potter at Skopelos 183, 186
Nike 122, 123, 234, 261, 268, 280
non-elite 144, 369
nose 19, 55, 120, 275, 281, 308, 312, 316, 343, 364, 366, 387, 405, 410
Nubians 94, 95, 366
Numidia 329–340
Numitorius Hilarus, Rome, monument of 53
Nuptial bath/nymphikon loutron 142, 260, 267–268
Nutrix 331, 336–337, 340
Nymph(s) 122, 215, 298–300, 302
nymphe/nymphai 223–234, 251–257, 259–269 bride; rites of passage
ochre 33–34, 97, 196, 199, 344, 345, 346, 398 colour (decoration); pigment; tin foil
Odysseus 223, 231–232
offering(s) 44, 46, 68, 73, 81, 82, 95, 104, 107, 125, 127, 132, 143, 144, 211–212, 228, 232, 251, 257, 260, 310, 312, 329–331, 339, 344, 348, 366, 376, 377
funerary offerings (burial gifts) 112, 124–128, 153, 158, 189, 218, 219, 246, 247–248, 320, 321, 323–324, 329–332, 334–340, 402–411
context, funerary
votive offerings 44–57, 74, 82, 88, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 104, 110, 125, 150, 158, 160, 203, 212, 219, 247–248, 253, 261, 290, 294, 295, 302, 305, 314, 348, 392
votive terracottas
Olynthos 37, 81, 121, 217
Omayyad 402
Orpheus charming the Beasts 9
Osiris 126
Ostia 315–324
pagan 73, 336, 408, 409
Palestine 360, 368, 371, 372–373, 375, 379, 402, 405
Palmyra 52
Pan 16, 126, 165, 171, 299, 234, 248, 298–300, 302
Panathenaic 105
Pandora 266–267
Pantanello 297, 299, 302
panther 300
Pantikapaion 360, 364
Paphos 13, 14, 15, 28, 30, 38, 62, 79, 83, 127, 149, 154, 175, 176, 371, 377 Nea Paphos
parthenos  251, 257, 265, 266–267
Parthian 372, 393, 395, 397, 400
paste 339, 359, 361
Patake  362
patera 308, 312–313
patrix 97, 99
Pausanias 166–169, 171, 175, 176–177, 211, 212, 224, 228, 234, 248
peasant, head of a 254, 282–283
Pella 405, 406
Pergamon 175, 226, 272–284, 397
Perge 229
periskelis  13, 14
Peristeries:Marion; Polis-Peristeries; sanctuaries at Peristeries and Maratheri
Persephone 53, 124, 125, 126, 142, 143, 145, 210 Demeter and Persephone, sanctuary at Cyrene; Kore-Persephone
Persia/Persian Empire 152, 360
Persian 82, 371, 372, 379, 390, 407
Persian cap (kyrbasia) 379, 387, 390, 393
Persian period 359, 371, 380
Persian rider 150, 152, 383–393 charioteer (chariot rider); horse; horse-and-rider
petrographic analysis 24–31, 301, 302, 359, 360, 361 ceramic fabric
Petrovouni 165, 166
Peyia-Maa 173
Pherai 180–189, 191–200
phiale 63, 92, 133, 142, 238, 261, 262, 268, 295, 298
Phigalia 165, 168, 171
Phlamoudi-Vounari 144
Phoenicia 360, 367, 368, 371, 372, 373, 375, 376, 379
Phoenician 62, 69, 94, 337, 359, 360, 361, 362, 368, 371, 374, 376, 378, 379, 380, 390, 407, 410 Cypro-Phoenician
Phoenician (language) 368
phormiskos  122
Photius 126, 218
Phrygian 229, 407
pig/piglet 46, 47, 53, 142, 169, 171, 332
pigment 2, 3, 97, 99, 102, 133, 191–200, 344, 346, 398 colour (decoration); ochre; polychromy; raw materials; tin foil
plaque/plaquette 30, 118, 125, 152, 153, 154, 156, 157–158, 160, 186, 187, 289–302, 388, 390, 397, 402–411
plaster (figurines/objects) 402–411, 218
plaster moulds 31, 274, 278 moulds
Plautus 259
Pliny 196, 237, 395
Plutarch 336
Pluto 329, 330, 331
Polemon 229
Polis (Chrysochous) 46, 52, 56, 71–86, 73, 88–99, 149
Kaparka 47, 56
Maratheri 71, 88–99, 94, 95, 98
Marion/Arsinoe; sanctuaries at Peristeries and Maratheri
Peristeries 71, 88–99
sanctuaries at Peristeries and Maratheri
Petrerades 89–99
Sphageion 52, 56
polos 51, 63, 84, 92, 210, 308, 310
polychromy 2, 3–34, 96, 97, 106, 191–200, 281, 362, 398 colour (decoration); pigment
Pompeii 15, 37, 305–314, 315–324
Popluna, goddess 312
portable X-ray Fluorescence (pXRF) 24–30, 191–200, 408
pottery 9, 10, 12, 30, 32, 34, 73, 92, 104, 131, 132, 146, 149, 150, 153, 180, 180 n.1, 181, 182, 183, 186, 203, 209, 246–247, 274, 275, 276, 289, 305, 312, 344, 349, 355, 359, 371, 383, 397, 405, 407, 410
pottery kiln 182 kiln; workshop(s)
Praxiteles of Athens 237–249
Praxiteles’ Cnidian Aphrodite 16
pregnancy 211, 233, 268 female figurine, pregnant
Pre-Tanagran 249
Priene 35, 37, 106, 226, 276, 277, 280, 360, 365, 376, 397
production:coroplastic production
production area(s)/centres 3, 182, 291, 407
propaganda 364
protection 37, 79, 175, 251, 257, 268, 336, 337, 344, 355, 369, 380, 391, 409
protelia  268
protome  187, 248, 251, 253–254, 281
prototype 20, 24, 30, 31, 35, 74, 82, 97, 121, 150, 183, 257, 291, 297, 362, 367
Provincia Arabia  407
Pschent 364
Pseudo-Scylax 368
Psyche 122, 379
Ptah-Pataikos  362
Ptolemaic ruler 368, 373
Ptolemies 124, 126, 128, 360, 371, 375, 376
Ptolemy I (Soter) 71, 88, 96, 98, 143, 149, 360
Ptolemy II (Philadelphos) 71, 88, 149, 353
Ptolemy III 46
Ptolemy VIII (Euergetes II) 110, 114, 124, 127
puberty 211, 268 rites of passage
public awareness 11–12
public engagement 3, 11–12
pueri  339
Pupput (Hammamet) 334, 335, 337, 338, 339, 340
Pupput sanctuary 329, 330, 333
pXRF:portable X-ray Fluorescence
Pyla 48, 79, 158
Pyla-Vikla 157–158, 160
pyxis/pyxides 13, 16, 231, 255, 256, 266, 268, 408
radiocarbon dating 144, 402, 407
raw materials 24, 25, 27, 180 ceramic fabric; ochre; pigment; tin foil; workshop(s)
re-elaboration 362, 368, 395
regeneration 369
rejection (of waste materials) 180
relief bowls 181
religion 36, 37, 82, 126, 143, 145, 165, 167, 168, 171, 176–177, 272, 337, 342, 342 n.1, 347, 353–354, 369, 408, 409 context, sacred; cult(s); rites; ritual; sanctuary/sanctuaries
repertoire 94, 125, 126, 247, 251, 261, 267, 359, 373, 377, 395, 398, 400
replicas 11–12
residential 94, 98, 143, 226, 272–284, 406, 408
restoration 11, 62, 112, 177, 281 n.3, 402, 402 n.1, 406, 411
Rhitsona 246–247
Rhodes 217, 254, 365, 376
rider:charioteer (chariot rider); horse-and-rider; Persian rider
rites (religious) 37, 168–171, 177, 179, 302, 380 funerary practices
rites of passage 2, 84, 125, 203–212, 215–221, 223–234 initiation; puberty; ritual(s)
ritual(s) 18, 37, 69, 82, 84, 125, 126, 128, 142, 143, 165–177, 187, 203, 211–212, 218–221, 229, 233–234, 248, 251, 260, 268–269, 276, 290, 305, 322, 324, 329, 335, 340, 342, 344, 349, 359, 362, 364, 368, 377, 378
dances/dancer 82, 84, 364, 377
mantle dancer(s)
gesture 329, 334, 336–339
gesture
deposit 37, 290
votive depositcontext, sacred; cult(s); funerary practices; offerings; religion; rites; sanctuary/sanctuaries
rituality 368
Rizokarpaso 47, 56
Tsambres 150–154
Rome 53, 55, 136, 175, 316, 336, 359, 395
rooster 45, 154, 238, 239, 242, 244, 332, 347
ruler 114, 368, 373, 380
rural 143, 144, 145, 155, 177, 289, 299, 408
shrine at Kharayeb 359–369
cults, rural; sanctuary/sanctuaries, rural; workshop(s), rural
Russia 215, 217, 365
sacred 73, 167, 211, 223, 226, 228, 248, 322, 329, 354
animals 153
basket 168
grove 71, 166
inventory 228
landscape/place 71, 72, 79, 305–314
law 168, 229, 233–234
prostitution 260
road 211
treasury 211
trees 94
context, sacred; cult(s); offerings; religion; rites; ritual(s); sanctuary/sanctuaries; votive terracottas
Sacred Band 247
sacrum  336
Sagalassos 31
Salamis 45, 46, 48, 49, 53, 63, 68, 83, 153, 154, 156–157, 160, 173, 377, 379
Toumba 53
Salt Lake, Larnaca 60–86, 372
salvation 37, 125, 369, 380
San Biagio 294, 299, 300
San Chirico Nuovo 300
sanctuary/sanctuaries 1, 8, 35, 44–57, 60–69, 71–86, 88–99, 101–110, 121, 122, 125, 126, 142–145, 150, 153, 154–155, 156, 158, 160, 165, 171, 172, 173, 177, 189, 191, 203–212, 217–218, 219, 220, 221, 226, 228, 229, 233, 234, 251–257, 259–261, 269, 272, 274, 276, 289, 290, 291, 293–294, 295, 297, 298–299, 300, 301, 302, 312, 329–333, 337, 339–340, 359, 360
rural 82–84, 97, 142–143, 171, 173, 212, 254, 297, 299, 302
sanctuaries at Peristeries and Maratheri 71, 88–99
urban 83, 84, 177, 293, 300, 301
further sanctuaries are listed under: Amathous; Aphrodite; Apollo; Artemis; Demeter; Despoina; Dionysos; Eloro, Sicily, Santuario nuovo; Pupput sanctuary; Thysdrus sanctuary; Zeus
context, sacred; cult(s); religion; ritual deposit; rites; shrine(s); votive deposit
Sant’Angelo Vecchio 289–302
Santa Maria D’Anglona 300
Sarepta 368
satyr 47, 187, 189, 210, 237, 267, 331
Satyrion 294
scribe(s) 47, 53, 207
scribe, sitting at desk 53
scroll 52, 210 togatus/togati
s-curve 237–238
sea horse 405
seashell 37, 259–269, 344, 345
Tonna galea shells 104
Seleucia on the Tigris 395–401
Seleucid period 383, 393, 400
Seleucid Syria 376, 383–393, 395–411 Syria
Seleucids 371, 380, 393, 397
SEM-EDS (scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive spectrometer) 191–200
Serapis 37, 110, 126, 329, 344, 346, 374
serial production 246, 255, 310, 373
serpent:snake
shaft-tomb 402
ship owners 360
shoulder 15, 47, 50, 52, 63, 79, 83, 101, 102, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 114, 118, 122, 123, 133, 136, 142, 210, 238, 253, 256, 262, 300, 310, 316, 364
shrine(s) 37, 73–79, 81, 97, 101, 199, 276, 298, 299, 322, 329, 336, 359–369, 371–373, 377, 408 (domestic shrines); context, sacred; cult(s); sanctuary/sanctuaries; workshop shrine
Siagu (Bir Bou Rekba) 336, 337, 340
Sicily 45, 246, 312–313, 365
Sidi el Hani 337
Sidon 360, 368, 373
Silenos 125, 210, 278, 298, 299, 300
Siren 49, 277, 282, 283
sistrum  48–49
Sitifis (Sétif) 332
slave, head of a 282–283
Smyrna 50, 52, 94, 200, 272, 277, 280, 281–283, 281 n.3, 282 n.4, 284, 362, 367, 395
snake (serpent) 13, 15, 37, 49, 187, 297, 362 Herakles strangling the snakes
society 34, 84, 131, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 175, 176, 223, 228, 237, 260, 267, 268, 359, 367
soft youth 237–249
Soliman 329, 330
Soloi 45, 46, 79, 81
Cholades 110
Sothic dog 362–363
Sothis (Sirius) 35, 363
southern Levant 371–380 Coele Syria
spatial analysis 37–38, 329, 339–340
spectacle 367
Spina 254
spinning movement 364
Sr-Nd isotopes 407
Stackelberg group 66–67, 69
stag 48, 56, 172, 229 Artemis holding a stag; deer
stamnos  232
Stamouli 194, 196, 197, 200
stelae 55, 56, 60, 112, 148, 159, 253, 262
stephane  13, 96, 101, 109, 114, 118, 123, 238, 386, 391, 398
stone 45, 46, 56, 79, 82, 104, 112, 121, 127, 131–132, 133–134, 149, 154, 168, 171, 180, 203, 211, 289, 290, 305, 342, 347, 368, 371, 407
mudstone 25
stone robbing 11, 12
limestone sculpture
strophion:Aphrodite fastening her strophion
subterranean cult place:,Amathous, tunnel
Suetonius 336
supernatural 400
surmoulage  69, 360, 362
Swedish Cyprus Expedition 46, 71, 127, 149, 159
symbolism 34, 82, 125, 126, 127, 409
syncretism 110, 128, 368, 369, 380
synnaoi theoi (temple-sharing gods) 110 126
Syria 37, 360, 362, 376, 379, 380, 383, 384, 390, 392, 395, 402, 405, 406 Coele Syria; Jebel Khalid; Seleucid Syria
tambourine 47, 123, 364, 390
tambourine player 47, 56, 364, 366 musician(s)
Tanagra (city) 52, 60, 210 n.3, 228, 231, 246, 247, 249
terracottas 46, 79, 80, 81, 89, 96, 114, 122, 125, 149, 156, 157, 160, 209, 248–249, 272, 275, 280, 284, 310, 362, 371, 372
Tanit 329–333, 336–337, 339, 340 Thysdrus sanctuary
Taranto 125, 261, 262, 267, 312, 316
Taras 294, 298, 300, 301
Tarsos 53, 277, 278 n.2, 360, 362, 364, 367
Taweret/Thoueris 104, 110
technology 1, 2–3, 7 n.1, 11, 24, 25, 33, 133, 182, 199, 290, 291, 301, 302, 342, 362, 371
Tegea 165, 176
Tel Anafa 373, 374, 379
Tel Dor 371, 372, 373, 376, 377
Tell Nimrin 405
temple boy figures 47, 49, 52, 56, 159, 160, 371
temples 46, 68, 88, 92, 97, 108, 110, 166–167, 199, 211, 212, 215, 226, 228, 229, 251, 277, 293, 295, 298, 300, 310, 315, 329, 332, 342, 368, 375, 383, 393, 400
templum 336
terracotta dolls 215–221, 348, 409
Thaenae (Thina) 332, 335
Thamugadi (Timgad) 329, 330
Thasos 251–257
theatre 35, 46, 94, 125, 166, 293, 294, 295, 298, 300, 371, 400
theatre mask:mask (theatrical)
theatrical iconography 35, 38, 53, 120, 125–126 actor; comic actor; Silenos
Thebes, Boeotia 125, 207, 231, 239, 240, 241, 243, 246
theriomorphic figures 165–177
Theseus 210 Villa of Theseus
Thesmophorion 210, 251
Thespiae 246, 247
Thinissut 329, 330, 332, 337
Thisbè 231
Thrace 360
three-dimensional (3D) models 11–12
throne/enthroned figure 53, 63, 82, 83, 92–93, 99, 168, 192, 199, 248, 267, 337, 362, 276
Thysdrus (El Jem) 332, 336, 337
Thysdrus sanctuary 329–333, 337, 340 Tanit
tiara 82, 150, 308, 310, 379 diadem, hair dress; headdress; veil/veiled figurines
Timmari 294, 300, 301
tin foil 191–195, 199 colour (decoration); ochre; pigment; polychromy
Titeux Dancer:mantle dancer
Titus (Roman emperor) 155
togatus/togati 315–324
toilet 267–268, 347 bath(s); bathing; Nuptial bath/nymphikon loutron
Toilet of Venus:Aphrodite at her toilet
tomb(s) 35, 45–47, 49, 52–53, 112–128, 143–144, 148–154, 159–160, 165, 171, 191, 217–220, 224, 228, 247–249, 260–261, 267–268, 269, 280, 289–290, 297, 312, 320–324, 329, 334–340, 402, 405–411 burial(s); context, funerary; funerary; grave(s); necropolis/necropoleis; offerings
toy bird 52
toy(s) 36, 52, 212, 215, 218–221, 344, 346, 347, 348, 353, 354, 392, 408, 409
Trachypedoula 30
trade/commerce 3, 69, 150, 189, 208, 280, 315, 316, 322, 323, 371, 373, 380, 383, 402, 407
transmission 2, 121, 176, 177, 368
trigonon (harp) 47, 123, 377
Trikomo 46
Tripolis 210, 210 n.3
Troy 123, 215, 226, 228, 229, 365, 376
Ilion 280, 284
tumulus 127
tunic 74, 105, 106, 108, 109, 153, 154, 156, 266, 315–324, 364
Tyche 16, 18, 20, 30, 31, 32, 33, 109, 110, 329, 330, 331, 376
of Alexandria 18, 20, 33
typology 24, 44, 73, 83, 89, 94–96, 98, 297, 298
Tyros 359, 360, 367, 368
Umm el-‘Amed 360, 368
Umm-Jimal 405
underworld 124, 126, 321
unguentaria 73, 114, 127, 150, 410
valley of Ansanto 312
variant(s) 13, 16, 121, 291, 293, 294, 295, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 362, 364, 390
vase painting 122, 209, 233, 237, 251, 267, 364
veil/veiled figurines 47, 54–55, 63–68, 92, 102, 104, 122, 124, 126, 146–148, 149, 152, 153, 155, 168–170, 171, 177, 223–234, 253, 256–257, 265, 295–296, 298, 308, 310–311, 339, 364–366 diadem; hair dress; headdress; tiara
vent hole 31, 32, 123, 156, 159, 362
Venus 322, 331–340, 409
Felix 16
Pudica 16, 17, 25
with an Amor 334, 338
Aphrodite at her toilet (Toilet of Venus)
via Nova  407
Villa of Theseus 9, 15, 19, 38, 66
visiting gods 110, 251–257
Voni 44, 45, 46, 48, 56
votaries 154–155, 156–157, 376, 377, 378, 380
votive deposit 68, 98, 153, 155, 156, 158, 215, 272, 274, 293, 294, 295, 298, 300, 305–314, 392 context, sacred; ritual deposit; sanctuary/sanctuaries; shrine(s)
votive offering(s):offerings
terracottas (figure, figurine) 44–57, 60 n.1, 62, 88, 89, 92, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 149, 150, 155, 212, 218, 219, 220, 247–248, 290, 298, 300, 329–333, 390, 392
Wadi Fynan 405, 406, 408
wall painting 35, 278, 368, 383
warehouse-keepers 360
wasters 30, 97, 99
wedding 218, 233–234, 252, 257, 261, 265, 266, 268
wheel-made 153, 154, 155, 181
wolf 165, 171 lycanthropy
Women Kneeling in a Shell 259–269
workers 73, 315, 322–324, 344, 360
workshop(s) 24, 25, 28, 30, 31, 38, 60, 68, 69, 81, 91, 94, 97–99, 110, 127, 189, 191–200, 203–209, 220, 246, 272, 27, 278, 280, 282, 283, 284, 289–302, 310, 342, 360, 361, 387, 390, 397
ceramic 180–186, 189, 196, 199, 329
Coroplathe des Eros et des Victoires, workshop of the 275–276, 280
Diphilos 275, 277
Egyptian/Alexandrian 360
lead 197, 200
Pergamene 281
plaster 407
rural 291
shrine 71, 72–79
coroplastic production; kiln; manufacture; moulds; pottery kiln; production
worshipper(s) 45, 81, 101, 121, 165, 168, 169, 175, 210, 315, 362, 368, 369, 376, 378, 379
wreath(s) 47, 49, 53, 83, 114, 123, 125, 136, 146, 187, 210, 231, 364, 386, 387
writing devices 52–53, 56
Yialia 73, 82, 83, 84, 97
Photies 73, 74, 82–85
Ypsonas-Vounaros 143
Zeus 1–72, 94, 98, 175, 189, 199, 298, 299, 336
Agoraios 298
Thaulios and Ennodia, sanctuary at Pherai 189, 199
zoomorphic figurines 12, 19–20, 22, 397, 402, 403, 404, 405–406, 407, 408, 409 animals; zoomorphic masker statuettes
zoomorphic masker statuettes 165–177

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