is a university lecturer at the University of Helsinki. Her main areas of research include historical pragmatics, genre studies and corpus linguistics, primarily in the fields of early news discourse and medical discourse. She is one of the compilers of two corpora of medical texts, Early Modern English Medical Texts (2010) and Late Modern English Medical Texts (forthcoming). She is a long-time member of the Scientific Thought-styles project that is a part of the Research Unit for Variation, Contacts and Change in English (varieng).
is Professor and Chair of English Philology and the Director of the Research Unit for Variation, Contacts and Change in English (varieng) at the University of Helsinki. Her research interests include corpus linguistics, historical sociolinguistics, and language change. She is one of the original compilers of the Helsinki Corpus of English Texts and the Corpus of Early English Correspondence, and the author of well over 100 journal articles and book chapters, of Historical Sociolinguistics: Language Change in Tudor and Stuart England (with Helena Raumolin-Brunberg, 2nd ed. 2017, Routledge), and co-editor of a number thematic volumes on language variation and change.
is Professor Emerita of English Philology at the University of Helsinki and Deputy Director of varieng. Her research focuses on historical pragmatics, corpus linguistics, genre and register variation and the evolution of scientific thought styles in medical writing. She has published widely in these fields. She is also one of the original compilers of the Helsinki Corpus and of the medical corpora compiled in Helsinki. Her most recent co-edited volumes deal with topics related to the present volume Developments in English: Expanding Electronic Evidence (cup 2015) and Diachronic Corpus Pragmatics (Benjamins 2014).