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IndexAbril Castelló, Vidal266n29, 274n8, 285n56, 297n114absolutism214, 300, 305, 31216, 321Acosta, José de245n54, 274n14De temporibus novissimis libri quatuor274n11Acquasparta, Matteo of354n20, 357Acquaviva, Claudio132, 405n48actcognitive2345immanent2528, 3031, 35, 3941, 43, 45transeunt27, 3031, 4041, 43, 45vital2527, 35, 44actuality.potentiality and actualityAdam (biblical patriarch)493Adolphe, Jane F.125n51Aersten, Jan80n27, 93n72affection33940affectivepsychology348turn349virtue336, 344, 350affectivity327, 34445, 347, 349agent (subject)331, 349Alcázar, Luis deVestigio arcani sensu in Apocalypsi274n11Alcorta, José Ignacio99n10, 169n86Al-Farabi105n26Algazel333alms218alteration49, 59Althusius, Johannes19, 485, 488, 492on the contract between God and the people492Monarchomachs485on popular potestas488Álvares, Baltasar23n2, 36469, 37172, 374on Cajetan and Báñez doctrine of soul374separated soul’s cognition372and Suárez’s position on soul/body36469Tractatus de anima separata36568America9, 14, 116, 139, 146, 178, 235, 245n52, 4589, 462, 467American peoples (indigenous)11519, 131, 133, 14548terra nullius458.Latin AmericaAmezúa, Luis-Carlos16, 20529, 225n71, 267n30, 268n32, 269n33Amstutz, Mark231n6analogy of being476, 477n22, 486André-Vincent, Philippe-Ignace477n23angels356, 358, 3601, 373, 37576Anglicanism134, 290animal spirits (spiritus animales)3637Antichrist27598appetitus338n62, 343, 346, 471affective344habitus335, 339human335n48inferior346material342movements342n79, 343perfection346rational337, 489sensitive336, 340n65, 34243, 345sensory37superior346virtue336, 346n94apostasy and apostates12022, 124Aptitudo intrinseca (intrinsic aptitude).non repugnantiaAquinas, Thomas10, 17, 49, 51, 55, 6970, 75, 78, 82, 86n48, 98, 106, 116, 12223, 130, 13233, 13637, 14041, 14548, 3012, 31112, 31415n63, 327, 329, 33536, 35169, 37177, 444on analogy476De unitate intellectus contra Averroistas353n12on just law489on law as a measure for action418Quaestio disputata de spiritualibus creaturis353n12Quaestiones de anima353n13Quaestiones disputatae de veritate356n25Quaestiones quodlibetales356n30Scriptum super Sententiis354n21Summa contra Gentiles cum commentariis Ferrariensis353n12, 355n23, 356n25Summa theologiae62n61, 77n16–18, 82n33, 116, 118, 120n17, 122n31, 123n45, 130n8, 136, 185n44–46, 312n51, 315n63, 353n12, 431n63, 489theory of body–soul union and separation35157Arcos, Miguel de116Argentina, May Revolution469n1Ariew, Roger48n5aristocracy219Aristotelianism17, 39, 48n5, 49, 55, 150, 268, 377, 399, 455, 469Aristotle23, 2627, 3031, 3841, 43, 49, 52, 54, 56, 58, 6365, 6677n19, 79n22, 86n48, 98101, 107, 118, 241, 315, 32627, 335, 340, 34344, 35156, 359n42, 36162, 368, 386, 38991, 392n23, 393, 39596, 400, 403, 4079, 422, 444, 459n32, 47778, 493, 494n39on analogy476n20, 486on arché493, 494n39De anima18, 23, 26n12, 27n21, 63, 371, 38182, 385, 388, 394n29, 400, 404n51, 489De generatione et corruptione23Metaphysics31n30, 38n62, 41, 400, 402on natural slaves118Nicomachean Ethics479n25, 489Physics39, 40n77Politics118, 139n47, 446on prudence475n17–18, 479n25on rational appetite489on rule of law315on sciences479Arneil, Barbara459n32Arriaga, Rodrigo de6469Cursus philosophicus66n81, 67n82–87Asad, Talal149, 150n93, 152Asia9, 129Astraín, AntonioHistoria de la Compañía de Jesús131n11, 132n12Atahualpa (Incan ruler)116attention2628, 3637Aubenque, Pierre173n105, 475n18Augustine of Hippo (saint)98n6, 240, 259n14, 290, 298, 311, 317, 326, 333, 35153, 35657, 443, 489De libero arbitrio (On the Free Choice of the Will)351n1on just law489De immortalitate animae (The Immortality of the Soul)351n3Augustinism98, 285n56, 415n15, 480Aureolus, Peter333authoritarianism214Averroes97100, 385, 399Averroism359Avicenna97101, 1037, 109, 111, 35153De anima352n7esse diminutum101existentia, existentialism98, 1015triplex respectus essentiae101essentialism, SuárezÁvila, Juan de43031Nueva edición de las obras del beato Juan de Ávila430n59Azpilcueta, Martín de319Baciero, Carlos158n23, 330n11Bakker, Paul J. J. M.384n9Baldus de Ubaldis217Báñez, Domingo275n17, 361, 36468, 37072, 374defense of Aquinas’s position on soul/body36566position on Suárez’s position on soul/body370position on Rubio’s position on soul/body371reprise of Cajetan’s position on soul/body374Scholastica commentaria361n46on soul’s separated status361baptism, sacrament of121Barbosa Machado, Diogo402n43Barclay, Williamon absolutism487Baroque9, 14, 229, 418, 426, 433Bartolus of Sassoferrato217on persona repraesentata473n12Barzana, Alonso de9Bastit, Michel477n23Bauer, Dominique185n47Becanus, Martin273Bederman, David179n8, 181n21–22, 182n24, 183n33Bellarmine, Robert19, 273, 274n11, 280n36, 285, 289, 319, 441, 487, 492Disputationes de controversiis christianae fidei, adversus hujus temporis haereticos274n11on execution of unrepentant heretics122Monarchomachs485on popular potestas487, 492on reception of Jesuit thought469On Temporal and Spiritual Beatitude122n35–36on state of innocence480Benedict xvi (Pope)126beneficence205, 227Benítez, Aleu J.99n12Bentham, Jeremy17981Bergoglio, Jorge María250n72Bertolacci, Amos97n3Beuchot, Mauricio168n81Beza, Teodoro de291Bèze, Théodore de485Biel, Gabriel83, 333Bieniak, Magdalena352Binoche, Bertrand469n3Biral, Alessandro475n15Bireley, Robert216n35Bisson, Thomas183n31–32blasphemy122Bloch, Ernst277n26Blum, Paul Richard46n2Bobik, Joseph52n18Bodei, Remo344n83Bodin, Jean134n22, 210n15on sovereignty476body33839, 342Boethius166, 326Bohemia66Boniface iii (Pope)292, 294borders234, 237n27, 25152Boston College ix1Brabant, Siger de98Braun, Harald415n15Brett, Annabel S.243n46, 313n56Brito Vieira, Mónica255n3–4Brock, Roger475n16Buchanan, George284n53Bulliger, HeinrichLos cien sermones sobre el Apocalipsis279n35, 293n93Burgos (city)115Burillo, Santiago Fernández34n47Burlando, Giannina17, 154n1, 155n3, 177n122, 207n7, 327, 374n110Burns, James Henderson182n26, 183n30, 313n56Byers, Michael179n8Byers, Sarah351n2Caba, José335n50Cajetan, Tommaso de Vio82, 160n38, 333, 35961, 36667, 369, 37175against Scotus’s body–soul mereology35960on suppositum159, 162, 165.Álvares; Báñe; and SuárezCalafate, Pedro10n24, 254n2Calveras, José140n55Calvin, John276, 290, 294Institutiones christianae276n21Calvinism132, 284, 460n35Campese, Gioacchino230n2Camps, Maria da Conceiçao406n52Cano, Melchor131n11, 132n12–13capitalism217Capp, Bernard280n40Cappelletti, Leonardo354n20Capreolus, Jean84, 333, 359Caraffa, Decio273Caritas in veritate231n4Carlos Bazán, Bernardo352n11Carman, Glen133n19Carmona, Victor234n15, 244n51, 252n74Carraud, Vicent14, 44n94Caruso, Ester65n77Carvalho, Mário Santiago de374n109Casalini, Cristiano ix403n44–45, 409n61Casanova, José4n7Casas Hernández, Mariano288n65Cassirer, Ernst416n12Castelbranco, Alfonso de273n7Castelli, Juan José469n1Castellote, Salvador23n2–3, 330n11, 362n53Castillo, José María139, 344Castro, Alvia de416, 425n44, 429n57–58Castro, Paulus de223n64Catholic Church, authority of121Catholic faith123Catholic reform275causal (harmony)330cause (causality)efficient2425, 27, 3340, 42, 4445, 53, 60final34, 38, 44, 53, 60formal42, 44, 53, 60.substantial forminstrumental25, 30, 33, 35material27, 53, 60.prime matterresultantia1013.moralCavallar, George242n43, 245n54, 249n69Cavanaugh, William T.150n95–96Cedroni, Lorella488n33Ceñal, Ramón414n10, 415n13, 425n41–42, 428n51–52, 429n56Cerqueira Gonçalves, Joaquim168n81change49, 5253.alteration; corruption; and generationcharity217, 221, 22728Charles I (king)285Charles V (king of Spain)41415Chignola, Sandro469n3Chimera84, 87n50, 94Christ343, 348Christian prince426, 429Cicero, Marcus Tullius133, 135, 136n30, 139, 141De inventioneDe optimo genere oratorum–Topica135n27–28Ciceronian136n33, 138, 148civil disobedience26263, 267Clarke, Kamari M.244n49Code 42 U.S. § 198317879, 196, 201Coffey, John278n27cognitionabstractive31, 42intuitive31Cohn, Norman277n25Coimbra27273, 365, 388, 39091, 39596Coleman, Janet302n9common good (bonum commune)11, 13, 2069, 255, 25759, 26670, 303, 31516, 31920, 440, 467, 483community207community of goods3012compulsory purchase order216concept2069formal32, 330objective33, 44, 103, 331conceptual history469concurrence28, 33n44, 35, 38n62, 42, 44Conradi, Luis335conscience22425consciousness347, 348, 350consent (contract)30711, 31820Constantine (Emperor)278, 281Constantinople292n89constitutionalism215, 300, 31216, 321Contreiras, Diogo de405Coombs, Jeffrey79n21Copleston, Frederick99n10Corcilius, Klaus24n6Córdoba, Pedro de117corpuscularianism4748, 50, 54, 56, 6869corruption59, 65Cortés López, José L.267n30cosmopolitanism23235, 237, 24346, 25152Coujou, Jean-Paul120n12, 418n21, 419n26, 431n64Counter-Reformation422Courtine, Jean–François74n8, 7576, 79n23, 80n26–27, 89n58, 99n12, 331Covarrubias, Diego de20910covenant257, 259, 261, 26566, 268, 270creatio ex nihilo38n62, 40, 4244, 84, 89, 92Crockaert, Pierre115Cronin, Timothy J.99n12Cross, Richard357n32Cruz Hernández, Miguel101n15Cunha, Rodrigo da275n2Cunningham, Francis A.97, 98n4custom217Aquinas on185Bentham’s critiques18082in church18384, 189, 192, 196contemporary questions17882, 198201knowledge of19194legal authority of18791morality of17984, 19498Dalmases, Cándido de140n55Daniel, Stephen H.168n81Darge, Rolf76n13Darwin, Charles70Davis, David Brion267n80De Angelis, Antonio485n31de Dios, Salustiano209, 215, 218de las Casas, Bartolomé11516, 133, 147, 300de la Torre Rangel, Jesús Antonio254n2de los Reyes, Liam16Decius, Filippus217decolonial turn67Deferrari, Roy J.336n53de la Boétie, Étienne482, 482n28Delfín, Santos99n10Delumeau, Jean280n35democracy25758, 260, 269, 301, 305, 3067, 312, 319, 321Denzinger, Heinrich117n5de Saint-Pourçain, Durand160n38, 333Des Chene, Dennis24n5, 51Descartes, René4748, 51, 63, 7475, 86, 326, 329, 331, 347on passions342n76.idealismdespotism215Di Vona, Piero158n23Dieterici, Friedrich105n26dignity, of human person12526dispositions33839distinctioformalis106modal38rationis106, 109rationis ratiocinata107rationis rationantis107realis26, 106, 109divine command12930, 14546divine right of kings3056, 315Domingues, Beatriz H.254n2Dominicans131dominium3014, 3056, 314altum20912iurisdictionis.powerof liberty3024on life210, 219on private property21618, 314.propertysui3014, 314Doyle, John P.2n4, 74n8, 76, 95n79, 99n12, 220, 243n46, 250n73m, 268n32Duch, Lluís277n26Dunn, John460n35Duns Scotus, John17, 2831, 34, 51, 74, 75n10, 82, 91n66, 98, 106, 333, 35767, 36973ordinatio28, 29n26, 357n33–37, 358n38–41Quaestiones quodlibetales357n33–37on separated soul’s cognition360on soul’s separated status as praeter-natural360Duso, Giuseppe475n15Dussel, Enrique6, 255n2Echavarría, Agustín29n26Eck, John292economic freedom227ecumenism127Egido, Teófanes276Eguillor Muniozguren, José Ramón206n2, 272Elizabeth I (Queen)277n, 281, 28788Ellacuría, Ignacio5n8, 6n9Elorduy, Eleuterio10, 273Embry, Brian92n68England17, 27273, 27576, 279n35, 281, 284, 287, 281, 284, 287, 305, 45759ensa se105, 110ab alio1056commune102, 111creatum105, 108n31, 110entia rationis74, 8789nominaliter80n26, 94in potentia93n72reale7273, 76, 8789, 93equality3078, 321Erasmus of Rotterdam275n17Esposito, Costantino75n9, 168n81, 229n80esse essentiae88, 92n68essenceessentia realis73n4, 7576, 7980, 93n72possible84, 92real essence’s non-grounding reference to existence7980uncreated essences of creatures74, 8385, 8992essentialismin Avicenna9799in Scotus98in Suárez97100eternal truths8890ethical improvement340Eucharist39existence80, 8788, 9092, 93, 103expropriation210, 21618extramental being72, 7476, 87, 91, 92, 96extrinsic denomination as physically possible79as being object of knowledge or power8081, 8387, 8890Fabro, Cornelio476n20facticity255, 269, 271Faraco, Cintia488n33Fastiggi, Robert L.2n4, 1415, 72n1, 75n9, 132n14, 154n1, 156n4, 364n60, 390n21, 418n21, 476n21Feenstra, Robert210Feil, Ernst138n41Fernández Álvarez, Manuel214Fernández Burillo, Santiago12n28Fernández Santamaría, José Antonio475n72Fichter, Joseph Henry439n1Figgis, John N.295, 298n118Fincham, Kenneth290n76El derecho divino de los reyes295n104Filmer, Robert306, 44041absolutism441divine right theory440Patriarcha440patriarchalism487, 494Fink, Jakob Leth24Finnis, John477n23Flacius, Matthias293n93Flores, Cirilo330Focarelli, Carlo485n30Fonseca, Bartomeu273n7Fonseca, Pedro da363, 38182, 399406, 409defense of Scotus’s theory of matter–form363Commentaria in libros Metaphysicorum Aristotelis363, 368n80, 407n55theory of body–soul union and separation35759Font Oporto, Pablo16, 254n2, 255n3–5, 256n7, 262n21–23, 263n24–26, 266n29, 271n32, 274n9, 488n34Forlivesi, Marco132n14, 365n63formal structures of thought72, 76, 87n51Foxe, John28788Book of Martyrs287France273, 281n42, 305Franck, Juan F.29n26Frassen, Claude46n2, 64Freddoso, Alfred J.24n6, 25, 34n45, 38n62freedomfrom coercion12324psychological125religious115, 11926.liberty; Suárezfriendship11819Fuller, Lon179, 191, 2001Funck, Johann293n93Furlong, Guillermo469n1Gallegos Rocafull, José María208Gallicanism273García Marqués, Antonio97n3García Martín, Javier209, 216García, Eduardo347n101García, Fortún301Garnett, Henry280n36Garrán, José María218Gassendi, Pierre47Gegout, Catherine244n50Geiger, Bertrand99n10generation49, 5556, 59Germany286Ghent, Henry of29, 75, 8990, 92n68, 160n38, 333, 386Giacon, Carlo423n36, 470n4, 476n19on nineteenth-century debate on Jesuits469Giers, Joachim213Gil, Juan274n14Gilson, Étienne98, 108Giménez Fernández, Manuel469n1Giménez Melià, Josep340, 348Gnemmi, Angelo174n112God9, 1213, 15, 18, 35, 40, 42, 4445, 55, 60, 62n62, 7585, 89, 9193, 95, 11819, 123, 125, 12829, 131, 133n18, 134, 13652, 413n63, 44142, 448, 450, 456divine intellect73, 86God’s knowledge of real negations95God’s power and knowledge8085Góis, Manuel de363, 404Goizueta, Roberto237n27Gómez, Ramón335González García, Teodoro426n45González Téllez, Emmanuel121n30González, Justo337n27González-Ayesta, Cruz29n26Goodman, Lenn Evan352n7Gordley, James431n65, 477n23Gorosquieta, Javier226Gough, John W.308n34Gozadino, Ludovico217Gracía, Jorge J. E.74n8, 174n112Gratian18385, 188, 191Decretum, or Concord of Discordant Canons184Gredt, Joseph32n34Gregory the Great (Pope)292Gregory, Brad S.126Grosso, Giuseppe100n12Grotius, Hugo210n15, 267n30, 309n39groundingdefinition of74n7, 79n24grounding of possibility7374, 76, 78n21, 8593non-grounding reference of essentia realis to existence7980Guadalajara Medina, José277n25gubernatio reipublicae475, 482Guidi, Simone17, 355n24, 357n33, 357n35habitat329habits17, 32, 42, 138, 186, 32526, 330, 33235, 345, 348collectives201disordered tendencies348and justice135n28potestas266, 319n83, 320n87, 49192and religion138spiritual exercises348stability of333, 349vice345virtue345, 348of will345.passionsHadot, Pierre152n104Halperín Donghi, Tulio469n1Hamilton, Bernice312n55happiness341, 348Harper, Thomas Norton6465, 6970Hart, H. L. A.17982, 187n56, 190Hattab, Helen9, 1213, 15, 18, 4851, 58, 60Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich74, 326Heidegger, Martin75, 76n14, 86n48, 326Heider, Daniel14, 36n54, 42n85, 43n88, 44n95, 45n97Hellín, José168n81, 169n86Henry viii (King)284, 288, 294Henry, Cardinal Duke of York121n20heresy and heretics12022Hervaeus Natalis160n38, 160n38, 333Heyer, Kristen23335, 24345, 252Hill, Benjamin2n4, 25n11Hipólito Vieytes, Juan469n1Hobbes, Thomas220, 302, 326, 380, 447, 450, 460n35, 47075, 479, 481, 484, 487, 49091, 494n39on authorization472n9, 491contractarianism470, 472, 487De cive490on democracy473n11Deus mortalis490on governance475on justice471n7Leviathan447, 471n7, 472, 474n12on multitude473, 484on patriarchy494n39on political science479on practical reason475n18on representation472, 473n12, 474n12, 481on resistance473n11on state of nature471on tyranny474Hoeres, Walter158n23Holborn, Louise286n58Hollenbach, David23233, 243Honnefelder, Ludger72n2, 75n10, 81n33, 84n40, 85n46, 93Höpfl, Harro321n91hospitality11819Houston, Stanley Joseph288n63human nature432human race117, 119, 12425, 126n52human rights15, 11518, 120, 124, 127, 220n51, 229, 235, 255, 440, 46667Hume, David347Disertación sobre las pasiones y otros ensayos morales347n100Investigación sobre los principios de la moral347n100.passionsHurtado de Mendoza, Peter6466Huss, John278n, 291Husserl, Edmund86n48Hünermann, Peter155n4idealism14, 72Cartesian86n48German74transcendental72idolum.expressed speciesIgnatian pedagogy348imagination338India121Indians.American peoplesinfidelity/infidels12024intellectagent28intellection27, 31, 33, 41passive28.potentia(s)interest209International Criminal Court (icc)244International Monetary Fund (imf)24344interventionism227intrinsic being.non repugnantiaIoannes a S. ThomaCursus philosophicus thomisticus41n83Iparraguirre, Ignacio131n10Isabella (queen of Spain)117Iturrioz, Jesús158n23Jago, Charles C.224James I (English king)215, 305, 313on absolutism487anti-Christological theory27779, 283, 29094Apocalyptic tradition28081Apologia pro iuramento fidelitatis279n33on divine right486The Workes of the Most High and Mightie Prince James276n33divine right of kings275, 278, 28081, 28485, 29395, 29798Gunpowder Plot28081Oath of Allegiance272, 292, 297Opera regia285n55political theory28485Jandun, John of27Javellus, Chrysostomus41Jefferson, Thomason Scholastic Aristotelianism46869Jerome (saint)289Jesuitsix, 211, 13, 178, 24, 30, 34n46, 39, 51, 645, 6871, 801, 86, 99n10, 1034, 108, 11922, 126, 13136, 149, 206, 21112, 216, 238, 250n72, 254, 281, 289, 300, 311, 327, 34041, 349, 359, 36166, 370, 37281, 399400, 405, 4089.Society of JesusJews123, 131, 14348Jiménez Cisneros, Francisco275n17just war26062justice135, 206, 208, 225, 231, 236, 242, 244, 250, 265, 285, 336, 339, 345, 419, 431, 434, 460n35, 468, 471commutative211, 217, 222and customary law180, 184legal or general211, 21314natural320objective206, 208, 225political475, 48182, 490, 49495and religion130, 13738social227, 235as a virtue336, 339, 345, 347, 489.habitsKant, Immanuel10, 72, 7475, 326, 344, 347, 472, 485Kauffmann, Thomas279King, Peter357n32kingdom of Castile464kingdom of Granada464, 466Kinkaid, Elisabeth15Kinsbruner, Jay469n1kinship, among humans118, 120, 124Knox, John284nKnuuttila, Simo390n21Koselleck, Reinhart469n3Koskenniemi, Martti214Kronen, John D.51n15, 5758Kuiper, Catherine Sims19Kyle, Richard280n39Lagerlund, Henrik2n4, 25n11, 45n96Lagouanère, Jérôme98n6Lake, Peter278n27Lamacchia, Ada99n12Lateran Council, Fifth395Latin America469Laudato si’231n4lawius commune209ius communitatis ut sic209, 211ius gentium11820, 126, 145n76, 212, 232, 239, 242, 243n46, 247, 24950ius universale209law of Castile (Siete Partidas)223natural (lex naturalis)118, 120, 12324, 126, 126n52, 12930, 137, 14147, 258, 26061, 265, 268, 300, 3012, 307, 31416, 31821, 423, 428, 43031, 474n12, 47981, 486, 490, 493natural law permissive (negative)3013, 307, 321natural law preceptive (positive)3012.Suárez and dominium altumlawgiver473, 48990, 492Lázaro Pulido, Manuel1n3legislation421legitimate king26364, 266Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm74, 171, 380Leijenhorst, Cees45n96Leipzig disputation282Lenzi, Massimiliano352, 353n11Lecón Rosales, Mauricio25n10, 50Lawrance, Jeremy116n2, 117n3, 118n6–7,119n9–10liberty3008, 311, 314, 321freedom from external domination3017, 314, 321liberty of community3045, 3079, 314religious.freedom, religiousright to liberty3013limited government215Lisón y Biedma, Mateo224Lisska, Anthony J.41n82Llorca, Bernardino274n10Lloyd, Howell A.313n56Llywelyn, Dorian238n28Locke, John10, 19, 47, 134n22, 3023, 3089, 43943, 44867, 472despotical right465individualism447, 463First Treatise on Government44041law of nature44243, 448, 45253, 465property45561public good447, 459, 462Second Treatise of Government44167on self-ownership3023social contract44143, 462state of nature44142, 448, 454logical possibility73, 76, 78intrinsic.non repugnantiaLopetegui, León275n5López, Gregorio223Losada, Luis de46n2, 4748, 51, 64, 6869Lottin, Odon135, 13738, 147love348Loyola, Ignatius of131, 14041, 399.Society of JesusSpiritual Exercises11, 131132n12, 140, 151, 339n64, 34849Lucas (“Cranach”) the Elder28687Passional Christi und Antichristi287Luther, Martin27579, 28183, 28687, 28995, 298M. Luthers Werke276n22, 278n29, 289n69, 292n87political theory28284Lüthy, Christoph48n5Maccioni, Giampiero209, 224Machiavelli, Niccolò41112, 415Discorsi sopra la prima deca di Tito Livio415El príncipe412, 415Suárez on Machiavelli and his followers417MacCormick, Neil181n17Machado Vaz, João402n43Maciá, Ramón213MacIntyre, Alasdair347MacPherson, Crawford Brough460n35Major, John133, 147Malone, Lachlan288n67Maluenda, Tomás de274n14Maravall, Juan Antonio411, 413n9, 414n11, 415n12, 417n18Margot, Jean-Paul338n61Mariana, Juan de224, 416, 430n60, 469Marion, Jean-Luc331n24Márquez, Juan221El gobernador cristiano221n58Marsilio of Padua275Martínez Mascarenhas, Fernando273n7Maryks, Robert Aleksander134n23, 135n26Mas Herrera, Oscar168n81Matienzo, Juan de223McGinn, Bernard277n24McInerny, Ralph M.476n20Megías Quirós, José Justo212Meinecke, Friedrich417n17Melanchthon, Philip276, 276n20, 288n65De ecclesia et autoritate verbi Dei276n20Tractatus de potestate et primatu papae276n20Von christlicher und päpstlicher Lehre276n20Melchiorre, Virgilio476n20Melià, Bartomeu9n20memory338Menn, Stephen169n86Menssen, Sandra51nmental word24, 3133, 4142mercy228Mesnard, Pierre315n65metaphysics2324, 45n95, 7276, 8687, 92n70, 96, 326, 332, 384n7, 399, 405, 464n41of cognition24, 39modern7475as reduced to logic7576task of Suárezian87as transcendental science7274, 92n70, 96subject of.ens nominaliterMiddle Ages ix36n54, 64n73, 267n30, 274, 277, 283, 285, 414Mignolo, Walter6mind-independentlogical non-contradiction91reality73.extramental beingmode (modus)26, 35, 3940, 42moderation347modern contractarianism470, 472, 485, 491Modernity ix12, 58, 1415, 17, 19, 47, 138n38, 154, 17677, 198, 221, 229, 238n28, 254, 267, 326, 328, 347, 415, 468, 470, 478, 488, 495alternative modern paradigm2, 12, 254, 267crisis of23, 5early ix2, 267n30Ignatian7n13, 11n27, 152n103, 254n2Moita, Gonçalo Pistacchini326, 332Molina, Diego154n1Molina Meliá, Antonio228n78Molina, Luis de18, 209n14, 300, 36568, 38081, 404, 469De iustitia et iure210n14, 404n46Geschichte des Molinismus405n48Liberi arbitrii…404n46monarchy258, 26162Mondin, Battista476n20Monnot, Pierre155n4Moore, Robert I.134n21moralcausality341life338self340, 349subject350treaties336, 340value325virtue335, 340, 343, 345, 347.habitsMoreno, Doris132n13Moreno, Mariano469n1moriscos129, 147, 464mos italicus217Muhammad (Mahomet)123Müntzer, Thomas277n26Murillo Ferrol, Francisco285n56Muslims (Turks, Saracens)121, 123mutual love, among humans11920, 124Nadal, Jerónimo131n11, 348n105, 4035, 407Napier, John293n93nationalism23538, 25052natural rights19, 184, 303, 305, 455, 459natural theology102Nebrija, Antonio de275n17negationdescription of possible essences or of real being by negation9395logical double negation76, 78n19, 93, 95n79negation of existence93real negation (negatio realis)9495non repugnantia (essendi)73, 7782, 8487, 89, 91, 9395non-contradiction78, 88, 91Nongbri, Brent149n92Noreña, Carlos G.169n86Novotný, Daniel D.6465O’Connell, Mary Elle245n55O’Malley, John W.3n5, 8O’Rourke, Kevin130n8object331objectivity331Ockham, William of75, 83, 276n19, 311, 333Oldrado da Ponte217Olivares, Count of224Olivi, Pierre de Jean27ontology326, 349original form of government258, 261Osiander, Andreas279n35Osuna Fernández-Largo, Antonio228Otevanti, Juan Lorenzo415Oxford University69, 403Balliol College407n55Queen’s College69Pace, Paul208, 21314, 269n33Pacem in terris231n4pactism215Padberg, John W.380n2Pagden, Anthony116n2, 117n3, 118n6–7, 119n9–10, 245n54partial25, 28, 30principal25, 30total2728, 30Pascal, Blaise12829, 380Pensées128n3Pasnau, Robert50n13passion(s)326, 337, 339n64, 34142afectus341n75appetitus sensitive340n65body442dignity of34445and habits333n31, 349Hume on347n11inferior appetitus346moral feelings347n11movements343and perfection of soul341n75and spiritual exercises349subject of327suppositum328and virtue340, 346, 350.Descartes and selfpassive potency.physical possibilityPastorale officium117Pateman, Carole494n39patriarchalism486, 494n39Pattin, Adrien28n22Paul (Apostle)128Paul iii (Pope)11718pedagogic creed341, 349Pegis, Anton Charles355n24Peirce, Charles Sanders12829, 144Pena Búa, Pilar17Peña, Javier215Penner, Sydney2n4, 14, 72n1, 464n41Perdices de Blas, Luis226Pereira, José2n4, 117n4, 119n8, 120n, 11, 120n13, 124n49, 168n81, 327Pereña, Luciano260n17, 273n8Pérez Espigares, Pablo257n9Pérez Luño, Antonio Enrique229Pérez Prendes, José Manuel214Pericles469periodization46Perler, Dominik43n91Peru116Pessin, Sarah98Peter Auriol75phantasy26, 36Philip ii (king of Spain)415Pidel, Aaron15Pink, Thomas34n44, 144, 430n61, 475n18Piñon, Manuel34n46Pistacchini Moita, Gonçalo2n4, 17, 326n4, 328n9, 332n26Pizarro, Francisco116Plato326, 34344, 352on justice482on pastoral governance490La república490on body politic481Platonism150, 152n104Plotinus352Plutarch34344polis41719, 433politicalcommunity253, 25670society (body politic)3072, 31315, 31821science, nature of episteme politiké470n5, 479.SuárezPomponazzi, Pietro359Poncela, Ángel14, 388n17, 408n57Pontano, GiovanniDe prudentia412n1popular sovereignty469Porphyrian trees79n21Porter, Jean142n63, 184n34–40, 185n42–43possibileabsolutum (absolute possibility)73, 7780being74n8logice (or intrinsece).logical possibilityphysice7780, 91Postema, Gerald179n11, 180n12, 190, 192n89, 193n95potentia33738appetitive330, 332cognitive, rational330, 332and habitus33334logica78, 91sensitive330of soul100n100, 342n79, 480unity of330n15, 342n79potentiality, and actuality5455potestasdirectiva and coactiva.powerplena, plenitudo (or summa) potestas215, 217indirecta207iurisdictionis209, 211.habits, Suárezpoverty controversy218power2330, 3339, 4143, 45, 50absolute218directive and coercive31112domestic306, 310limits of253, 255, 26163, 26568, 270of people.democracypolitical (civil)300, 304, 30512, 31417, 321supreme temporal218transfer of political307, 312, 31516, 31921.Suárezpractical science475478praxis335, 33738, 34950prime matter5356, 63primogeniture (mayorazgo)21819privilege22223, 48485, 493property44042, 453expropriation21618private20912, 21618, 228.SuárezProtestants and Protestant movements115, 127providentia418, 310n43prudence228prudentia41213, 41819, 421, 429, 434, 479n25psychology329, 349public interest206Pufendorf, Samuelon contractarianism472punishment, for heretics and apostates12122, 122n33Purvey, John287Radical Reform277, 279Radner, Ephraim134n25Ratzinger, Joseph176n121Raz, Joseph179n10real negation (negatio realis).negationreason of state215, 261n35, 413, 41517, 42129, 43335, 479, 493Rebalde, João18, 408n57reducciones of Paraguay9Reformation, Protestant129, 132, 148Regius, Henricus48n4Reinhardt, Nicole225religionnature of129Renaissance ix1, 69, 47, 136n33, 312, 359Counter-Renaissance7, 9Reno, R. R.23537repraesentatio identitatis490res (thing)75, 76n11,79n23, 94resistance25355, 262, 300, 312, 31621Revuelta López, Julio226Ribadeneyra, Pedro de416, 425, 42829Tratado del príncipe cristiano428n53, 429n54Ribera, FrancisIn sacram [] Apocalypsim commentarii274n11Ricci, Mateo9Richardson, Kara51n15, 6061, 64n72Rickard, Jane281n41right of resistance473n11, 484, 487, 488, 493rights, human and natural11516, 118, 120, 124, 127Rivera de Ventosa, Enrique285n56Robles, Juan de218Romano, Orlando404n46Rome213, 221n58, 27274, 27679, 28182, 28788, 290, 292n89–90, 29394, 298, 400, 4023Rommen, Heinrich245n54, 250n71Rosillo Martínez, Alejandro255n2Roso Díaz, José286n, 288nRougeau, Vincent233n10Rousseau, Jean-Jacqueson authorization472, 491contractarianism470, 485on direct democracy473n10on executive power488on general will472influence on Latin American independence469, 469n1on popular sovereignty473, 487, 490relations with Suárez469n2, 470on representation472on state of nature471Rozemond, Marleen25n11Rubianes, Eduardo158n23Rubio, Antoniotheory of separated soul37172Commentarii in libros Aristotelis De anima371n90–96, 372n97–98Tractatus de anima separata370n87–89Ruggieri, Michele9Rus Rufino, Salvador413n8Rustighi, Lorenzo19Rutherglen, George201Rychlak, Ronald J.125n51Saavedra Fajardo, Diego de18, 41114, 416, 424n40, 42627, 431, 43336on dissimulation and deceit43334Empresas políticas413n6, 426n46–47, 427n48, 434n70–71on idea of Christian political prince42627República literaria424n40Saavedra, Cornelio469n1Saint-Jacques in Paris115Salamanca, School of115, 418Salas Barbadillo, Alonso Jerónimo de435Salas, Victor2n4, 132n14, 154, 156n4, 364n60, 476n21Salazar, Diego de415Tratado de re militari415Salazar, Juan de427Salmon, John H. M.313n56Salomon, Robert344salvation348San Emeterio, Nieves217Sánchez Viamonte, Carlos469n1scandal122Scannone, Juan Carlos6Scattola, Merio222Schaffner, Tobias207Schaub, Marianne277n26Schauer, Frederick181n19–20m, 182n25, 192Schields, Christopher24n6, 36n52Schloesser, Stephen8n18, 9, 131n9, 137n33Schmaltz, Tad M.24n5–6Schmid, Stephan36n54, 39n71–72Schmitt, CarlSchmutz, Jacob73, 77n16, 78n20, 80n26, 81n30–2, 83n37, 85n47, 86n48, 89n60, 92, 95n78Schnepf, Robert485n30Scholasticism2, 10, 1416, 19, 4647, 64, 68n81, 79n21, 9798, 100, 103, 1057, 111, 129, 174n121, 212, 215, 221, 226, 278, 288, 300, 313n57, 315, 32728, 332, 340, 349, 352, 35759, 41517, 422, 43032, 469, 474n12, 475, 489Schopenhauer, Arthur48Schulmetaphysik72Schwartz, Daniel36n52, 50n12, 454n25Scoraille, Raoul of132n15, 272n, 305n21Scotland276, 284, 290n77Scott, James Brown267n3on direct and representative democracy473n10Scribner, Robert W.288n65sedition or rebellion262, 264, 266self327, 349self-defense217, 220, 26266, 268, 270, 31621self-preservation.self-defenseSeneca210, 344Senent de Frutos, Juan Antonio4n6, 7n13, 11n27, 97n1, 325, 335, 336n50, 344senseagent (sensus agens)28external31, 36, 38, 41, 42n85, 45n97internal3638passive28Sepúlveda del Río, Ignacio208Sepúlveda, Juan Ginés de118, 133, 147Sgarbi, Marco2n4Shields, Christopher50n12, 51n, 59n46, 87n50Siewerth, Gustav75Sieyès, Emmanuel Joseph19, 469, 485Silva, Paula18, 458n57Silvestre de Ferrara, Francis333Skinner, Quentin255n4, 308n54, 315n63slavery3012, 3035, 31214collective self-enslavement3045, 31314individual self-enslavement3035, 314Snyder, David V.179n8social justice.justiceSociety of Jesus129, 13134, 135n26, 136, 143, 149Constitutions8, 13n30, 380, 399Commentarii Collegii Conimbricensis361n50, 363n57College of Coimbra378, 38182, 399, 409College of Évora378, 381, 402, 405College of Rome211College of Salamanca439College of Segovia23n1, 381, 399Ratio studiorum132n14, 359n42, 400.Ignatian modernity; Ignatius of Loyola; Jesuits; Spiritual ExercisesSocrates77Soder, Josef308n34Solomon, Robert C.344n83Sommerville, Johann P.269n33Soncino, Paolo333Sondag, Gérard357n32Soto, Domingo de169n40, 206, 209n13, 218, 219, 221n57, 222n58, 274n14, 285, 300, 333, 417Deliberación en la causa de los pobres218n43De iustitia et iure219n45, 221n57Soto, Wenceslao9n22soul2328, 3031, 3339, 4243, 45, 49, 6668and compositum392n24, 393n24, 393n26, 396n32, 396n34.Pedro da Fonsecapotentiaefficiency of3338as forma sustantialis392n24immortality of rational18, 49, 50n14, 328human32930passions326, 34142, 34546principle of body329n23separated.Álvares; Báñez; Cajetan; Scotusand will34, 336, 34246Söchting, Julio15South, James B.390n2sovereign power47072, 472n9, 47376, 481, 48487, 48991, 494n39, 495sovereignty185, 23039, 24243, 246, 24952, 3067, 321, 443Sozzini, Paulo40Spain66, 115, 117, 119, 129, 131, 134, 273, 275n17, 414, 466Spaventa, Bertrando469species356, 358, 364, 37276expressa25, 3132, 45impressa25, 42Spinoza, Baruch74, 341n75, 347n100Springborg, Patricia487n32Spruit, Leen367n32state30412, 31520state of innocence31112statism214Stegmüller, Friedrich381, 400n39, 401n41, 402n42–43, 405, 406n50Steinmetz, David186n48Stella, Prospero357n32Stiening, Gideon22021Stoicism152n104, 343Stout, Jeffrey200n124–125, 201n126–27Strauss, Leo460n35Stroumsa, Guy134n24Suárez, Franciscoon apostasy, infidelity, and heresy120Apostolic See275, 291, 293, 29596apostolic succession293, 295on Avicenna1006civil obedience29798common good44547, 462Conselhos e pareceres219n47De anima18, 2345, 139n47, 330, 352, 36264, 37274, 388, 400De censuris217De iuramento fidelitatis256, 273n8De iustitia Dei211n21, 21214, 220n50De legibus ac Deo legislatore11, 19, 59, 11924, 141, 18599, 206, 21726, 23949, 25368, 296n109, 30016, 327, 41832, 443, 47893De mysteriis vitae Christi155n4, 156n7, 172n104, 274n12, 365n61, 365De opere sex dierum30214, 461De religione15, 42, 12941, 151, 340, 348De triplici virtute theologica, fide, spe et charitate12023, 133, 146n84, 217n41, 219, 220n50, 228n79, 239, 245n53, 31720, 464, 488De voluntario et involuntario301n3Defensio fidei catholicae11, 17,121, 133n16, 141n59, 186n49, 206n2, 212n22, 239n29, 242n42, 24748, 253, 25668, 272, 27576, 27985, 28998, 3001, 3057, 31721, 418, 430n60, 433n69, 443n10, 461, 478, 48082, 48790, 49293democracy44647Disputationes metaphysicae2444, 5164, 7395, 99111, 15477, 33245, 36263, 462n41, 474n12divine origin of power285divine right of kings294, 297ecclesial auctoritas283existentia99n10, 10510, 168n81incarnation15472, 17677on international law115, 11920, 12447on kinship and mutual love among humans11920, 124Los ejercicios espirituales de san Ignacio: Una defensa339n64, 345n93, 347n99, 348n103–6natural theology102n17Opúsculo teológico segundo325n1papal power285, 29495, 297perceptive natural law445, 463political power44851political theology16, 221n55, 23032, 238, 243, 246, 250n72, 252popular sovereignty27374property46062on punishment as medicinal122on punishment for apostates and heretics12122Quaestiones de iustitia et iure206n2, 211n19on religious freedom12127slavery46364social contract44346sola Scriptura28990, 29394, 296subiectum53n21, 57n32, 102n18, 110, 165, 171, 301n3, 326, 328subsistentia15, 102, 15456, 15861, 163168, 17073, 17677temporary potestas283, 29092, 297theology of23843, 24651suppositum154, 157, 159, 160n35, 161, 16265, 167Tradition290Tratados morales335n50, 336, 336n54, 338n62, 339n64, 340n67–68, 341n69–74, 342n77, 342n78–82, 344, 345n86–93, 346n94–98, 347n102, 348Trinity11, 154n2, 160n35, 163, 166, 175voluntary slavery253, 25970.essentialism; habits; passions; soul; substantial form; tyrannicide; tyrannySuarezianism72, 96subject326, 33132, 341, 348.Suárez, subiectumsubjectivation331, 349subjectivity331, 349subsistence328substance(s)33, 35, 3839, 4445individual327subject328, 349union327, 330unity of57, 61substantial form24n6, 25n9, 27, 35, 4671arguments for5661, 6570definition50, 6164efficient-causal role50, 64importance of4748pluralism61.soulSullivan, Thomas D.51n15supposit (suppositum)35.Cajetan; SuárezSylvester (Pope)292sympathy330, 342, 349Tanner, Norman123n47, 124n48Taparelli d’Azeglio, Luigi469Taranto, Domenico403n7Tasset, José347n100Tattay, Szilard17Taves, Ann150n94tax authority22426taxes22426taxes and consent224Taylor, Charles130, 130n7, 15052Teten, Johan Nicolai72n2Te Velde, Rudi A.62n62theology49, 68, 92n70, 115, 23152Catholic238modern48990political251, 468.Suáreztheological vs. philosophical explanation8085, 9293thinkabilityas such73, 75, 96of essence78, 8081, 8687Thomas, Yanon fictio legis474n12Tierney, Brian243n46, 246n56Tillich, Paul150, 150n96Todescan, Franco411, 421n29, 424n39, 477n23, 479n24Toivanen, Juhana27n18Toledo, Francisco de368Commentaria362n51–52on grades of soul362toleration, religious121, 123, 12526.Suárezon toleration for Jews and Muslims123Tosca, Tomás Vicente47Toulmin, Stephen7transcendentalorder102science99translatio imperii258, 265, 26970.potestasTreloar, John L.335, 337Trent, Council of275Trotter, William Finlayson128n3Tuck, Richard314Tully, James460n35Tursky, George344Tutino, Stefania228Tuttle, Jacob24n6, 38n61, 40n75, 42n86tyrannicide26264, 31721tyranny253, 26263, 266, 268, 31415, 31721deposition of tyrant31921United Nations126Unity.substancesUniversidad Loyola Andalucía ix1University of Prague66usufruct21819usurper263utilitypublic or common205, 209Vale, Matthew14Valignano, Alessandro9Valladolid115Van Caenegem, Raoul Charles183n29Van Ruler, Johan Arie48n4Vatican ii, Dignitatis humanae12425, 127Vázquez de Menchaca, Fernando217Illustrium controversiarum217n39Vázquez, Gabriel8081, 83, 300Velde, Rudi A.62n62verbum mentis.mental wordViegas, BlasCommetarii exegetici in Apolalypsim Ioannis Apostoli274n11Vienne, Council of123Villanueva, Francisco de404Villey, Michel308n34, 477n23virtue(s)131, 13538, 140n52, 141,143, 148, 336, 340, 34445, 348, 421degree of345end of346theory130,137.appetitus, moralvirtuous (sentiment or passion)347vital activity330, 349.soulVitoria, Francisco de133, 238, 245, 245n52, 249, 275n, 285, 300, 469De indis116, 118n7–8De iure belli116De potestate civil116father of international law119on international law11516, 119on law of nations (ius gentium)11820on rights of Indians in De Indis11619on war and coercive means of conversion119writings of116Vivalda, Nicolás18Voltaire469voluntarism477Von Balthasar, Hans Urs74, 172, 173n105Von Gierke, Otto313n57vulnerability205, 209, 21718, 22628Waddell, Nicholas244n49Waldron, Jeremy460n35war31718War of Farmers279, 282Ward, Thomas M.257n35wealth2079, 228Weber, Max472Wells, Norman76n15, 158n23, 169n86Westerman, Pauline C.477n23Whittingham, William284nWiener, Carol Z.287n61Wilenius, Reijo.477n23Williams, George H.277n26Williamson, Arthur281Wippel, John77n16Wisnovsky, Robert97n3Wittenberg276n22Woolhouse, Roger S.439n1–2World Bank24344Wycliffe, John283n, 287, 291De Christo et suo adversario AntichristoYela Utrilla, Juan F.169n86Yoder, John H.277n26Zorroza Huarte, Idoya1n3Zuckert, Michael460n35

Francisco Suárez (1548–1617):

Jesuits and the Complexities of Modernity

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