Der beste Logos als Handlungskriterium in Platons Kriton

In: Thinking, Knowing, Acting: Epistemology and Ethics in Plato and Ancient Platonism
Author: Sabrina Mertler

Abstract

The research on Plato’s dialogue Crito, in which Crito wants to convince Socrates to flee, focuses primarily on the question of compliance with laws and is therefore often included in Plato’s political philosophy. In the following, however, the thesis is to be presented that the primary theme represents Socrates loyalty to his principles in extreme situations and just actions associated with it that leads to bliss. For this reason, the Crito is rather an ethical dialogue, which, significantly enough, has already been subtitled “On what needs to be done” in ancient times. Socrates’ inclusion of the fictional personalized laws of Athens serves rather to illustrate his actions according to the best logos than his obedience to the laws.