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Subject IndexAbgar3, 69, 83–84Abraham64pictured with Isaac64, 69acclamation63–64Acilius Iulius, Claudius176Acts of John69Acts of Timothy69afterlife123, 124, 125agathos daimon214, 216–17, 227Agonothete(s)137, 195–96, 199, 205, 207Alexander the Great136, 195, 198, 241, 242altar5, 7, 11–13, 18–20, 22, 31, 35, 63, 68, 117, 137–38, 141–42, 152–53, 164–66, 211, 219–21, 223, 233, 243–44of the ArtemisionTemple of ArtemisAlytarchos Stoa84Ancestor cult216, 218, 227, 241, 246Androklos75, 114Heroon of74–76, 219Anubis58Aphrodite149, 231–33, 246apocryphal writings2, 67, 69Apollo13, 96, 231Apollonius of Tyana118apostle64, 66, 68–69, 176Aqueduct18, 112Aristion, Tiberius, Claudius21, 112, 176, 204–5Aristonikos195architectural order13Corinthian15, 29, 45, 53Doric25, 27–29, 95–96, 111, 165, 168Ionic15, 29, 53, 141, 146Arkadiane Street77, 80Artemis5, 113–16 152–53, 158–62, 164–66, 176–77, 198, 202, 204, 219–20, 244–45ArtemisionTemple of Artemisartisans174–75, 183, 188, 206association/collegium2, 5, 27, 124, 135–38, 143–44, 146–47, 149–50, 153–54, 212asylia118Athena199, 221, 224–25, 231, 233Attalos II Philadelphos138, 177Augusteum/Sebasteion5–6, 160, 162, 164, 168, 199, 202–3Augustus, emperor3, 5, 94–95, 103, 117–18, 131, 141, 163, 195–96, 199, 201–3Octavian94, 196–97, 201–2Austrian Archaeological Institute63–64, 82, 93, 95, 165, 166, 182, 227balneum77banquet/banquet hall5, 84, 135, 137, 142–47, 150, 152–54barbarian figures29barrier slab74, 82–83basileia116, 142–43Basilica of St. John199basilike stoa95, 103–4, 202–3baths/bathing18, 73, 76–77, 79, 93, 103, 142, 144, 147, 176, 181areas within a bath77Bath, HarborHarbor BathsBaths of Varius93bishop3, 79, 124, 136bishop’s palace/Episkopeion3, 79Bouleuterion93burial containers126ostotheke125–27, 130pottery126sarcophagus64, 112, 126–27, 130burial goods123burial house/tomb/grave4, 5, 67–68, 76, 117, 126–27, 129–31, 168, 172, 174–76, 216catacomb64Catacomb of Commodilla68Catacomb of Domitilla69New Catacomb64reuse of130uniformity of127, 130wall painting130burial/funeral (funus) practice1, 4–5, 84–85, 123–31, 174, 218cremation4, 125–26inhumation4, 125procession (pompa funebris)130–31burial monuments/gravestones124–25, 130–31, 172, 176, 188–89, 216burial site/necropolis/cemetery1, 4, 73, 126–29, 130–31, 174–75, 189intra-urban130–32Byzantine Asia Minor80Byzantine Christianity3, 73, 86Byzantine city80, 86Byzantine district/quarter77, 82Byzantine period1–4, 8, 18, 29, 35, 62, 65, 73, 77, 80, 82, 86, 131, 176–77Byzantine structures17bath77fountain19house75palace77–79reservoir18tower18wall11, 18, 27well house75Caesar, Caius JuliusDivus Iulius94, 195–99, 201, 204cult of94, 201–2flamen of197Forum of94Caesareum at Cyrene94capital, architectural31, 46, 49, 53, 57, 63, 82, 85–86, 141–42, 146, 197capital of the province of Asia4, 95, 123, 197, 204Caracalla, emperor42, 204castellum aquae93catacombBurial house/tomb/gravecavea5, 138, 140, 145, 154, 166–67cella11, 13, 15, 17–18, 41, 45, 53, 57–58Celsus, Library of45, 76, 130Celsus, Platonist author174cemeteryBurial siteceramics/pottery7, 31, 35, 95, 126, 166, 172, 174–77, 181, 183, 223, 241Chapel of Peace, El Bagawat, Egypt69Christ64–66, 69, 171–73, 188Christ-child64resurrection125Christian iconography/symbols3, 63, 66–67, 73–75, 82–83, 86Christianity2–3, 73, 86, 171, 174cross3, 57, 63–64, 73–75, 82–86, 203evangelists75nimbus64saints/relics/martyrs65, 83, 131Third Ecumenical Council76Christians, early followers124, 172–73Church of Mary77, 79–80, 83, 176cistern18cistophori136citizen4, 126, 130–31, 196–97, 202, 206citizenship108city grid23, 145, 150, 187city wall4, 18, 77, 110–11, 113, 117, 146, 174Lysimachian city walls110Claudius, emperor28, 41, 176, 203Cleopatra94, 143, 159coin13, 22, 31, 35, 63, 196–98, 200, 202–4, 223collegiumassociation/collegiumcolonnade11, 21–25, 27, 31, 33, 35–36, 73, 147, 175, 183Doric colonnade25, 27column13, 28–29, 31, 33, 45–46, 49, 57, 60, 63, 75–76, 79, 82, 96, 98, 103, 136, 138, 141–42, 144, 147, 150, 152, 162, 164–65, 175, 182–83commemoration (memoria)5, 124Commodus, emperor42, 136contamination/purification57, 124cremationburial/funeral (funus) practicecrossChristian iconography/symbolcryptoporticus12, 22–27cuirass15cyma52Damianus, Titus Flavius112via tecta112damnatio memoriae12, 21, 35, 204David, King64, 69Demeter24, 26, 136–37diakonia79diazoma138, 145dining couch140, 144Dionysia festival116, 195, 199Dionysos1, 5, 94, 135–40, 142–43, 145–47, 149–50, 152–54, 221, 234, 237festival (Dionysia)116, 136, 145, 153–54, 195, 199ivy/thyrsos imagery33, 75, 136–37mysteries/initiation rites58, 136–37, 145, 150, 153–54priesthood of5, 137, 147, 153sanctuary of5, 135–36, 145–46, 154synhedroi of136votive altars of138Divus Iulius6, 196–99, 201, 210domestic religion1, 3, 7, 85, 211, 213, 216, 219, 221–22, 227, 234, 240–41, 245–46, 248Domitian, emperor2, 11–18, 20–28, 30, 32, 35–36, 93, 159, 203–4Domitian Plaza12, 22–23, 27–28Domitian Street12Domitianic period181domus5, 7, 142–143, 150–52, 212, 228earthquake3, 6, 45, 76, 150, 172, 205, 207, 212, 227, 230seismic catastrophe76Elijah65, 69Embolos115, 136, 144, 150, 212, 219ephebes4, 115–16Ephesos as caput viae112management of space76manufacturing centers174Episkopeionbishop’s palace/EpiskopeionEros/erotes46–47, 231Etchmiadzin Cathedral, Armenia69excavation1–8, 11–13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 22, 29, 31, 33, 35, 41–42, 45, 57, 73, 79, 80, 93, 100, 103, 109–11, 117, 126–27, 158, 161, 165–66, 171, 173–74, 176, 181, 187, 211–12, 216, 221, 223, 227, 231, 241festival21, 171Artemisia6Artemis Agrotera115–16Dionysia115, 136, 153–54, 195Eleusinia116Hadrianeia207katagogia145Panathenaia116penteteric115Sebasta202Sebasteia115Soteria115Flavian era6, 19, 138, 233foundation deposit7, 211, 223, 225, 248fountain3, 12, 18, 19, 29, 33, 73–75, 86, 147, 149–150, 152, 222nymphaeum24, 33–34, 41of Laecanius Bassus12, 24Four Column Memorial75–76freedmen103, 126, 206frieze19, 45–47, 52–53, 57, 111frieze of weapons19, 111funeral (funus)burial/funeral (funus) practiceGate of Herakles141geophysical survey1–3, 6, 13, 19, 21, 31, 79–80, 127, 144, 171, 181–82, 184–85, 187gladiators7, 231, 232, 239, 244GPR (Ground-penetrating radar)6, 31, 181–84, 187GPS (Global positioning systems)181graffito/i2, 7, 63, 172, 188, 213, 225–26, 233graveburial housegriffin47gylloi, Miletos117Hadrian, emperor76, 136–38, 142, 144, 150, 153, 181, 204–5Halls of Verulanus77, 80, 82–83harbor3, 6, 18, 41, 45, 77, 80–84, 108, 127, 136, 159, 175–83, 185–89, 205, 207commercial harbor177Harbor Baths181Harbor Gymnasium77, 80–82, 84, 159Hellenistic harbor179sacred harbor177Harpokrates58, 233, 246Hebrew Bible69Hekate13, 27, 160, 214, 245Hekateia84Hellenistic period4, 6–7, 12–13, 105, 108–11, 116–18, 125, 130, 136, 138, 142–43, 146, 174, 176–77, 182–83, 186–87, 195, 213–14, 221–22, 228, 230, 237, 241, 244, 246architecture95–96, 110–11, 138, 140, 142, 146, 152, 166, 230–31, 243–44city108–9, 146, 241grave relief216pottery174pre-Hellenistic113, 118, 154ruler cults143herm152, 219, 244–45honorific memorials/monuments76, 86, 130, 199horos (boundary) stone117–18, 188iconography74–75, 86immortality57imperial cult1, 6–7, 11–12, 20, 29, 31, 60, 93–94, 143, 146, 164, 195–97, 201–7, 212, 243altar20imperial forum93–94, 105fora of Caesar and Augustus in Rome94inhumationburial/funeral (funus) practiceinscriptions3–5, 8, 20–22, 31, 36, 42, 45, 57, 63–66, 69, 83–84, 86, 113–18, 125–26, 136–37, 146–47, 152–53, 158, 160–62, 164, 166, 175, 181, 198–99, 202, 204–5, 207, 241, 243–44insula7, 23, 211–12Isis42, 94, 222, 224–25, 233, 246Jewish scribes66Julio-Claudian imperial house22, 202–3, 207Jupiter15, 164koinon of Asia196, 204–7Koressos Gate108, 115–16Kouretes Street31, 74, 84, 115, 141, 150, 176Laecanius Bassus, Nymphaeum offountainlamp3, 27, 82, 221, 233, 246landscape108, 123, 125–27, 153, 171, 173, 177, 189landscape archaeology171latrine33, 80liminality4, 108, 113, 116–17, 188liturgical installations3, 84liturgical contexts86liturgical function84Lower Agora/Tetragonos Agora28, 41, 76, 93, 114, 136–37, 181, 183, 188Lysimachos108, 114, 146, 241–42Magnesian Gate1, 4, 73–74, 93, 108–18, 174–75, 181–82, 188magnetometry174, 181–84, 187maphorion66Marc Antony94, 136, 143, 197–99, 201–2and Cleopatra94, 143, 159Marcus Aurelius, emperor205–6mask233, 239, 246Megabyzos/Megabyxos202merchant175Messene South Gate108, 110metropolitanof Ephesos180mosaic33–34, 68, 78, 80, 82, 96, 147, 149, 152, 162, 225, 230Mouseion45necropolisburial site/necropolis/cemeteryneokoros204–5neokorate6, 12–13, 20, 22, 93, 195, 201–4, 206neopoioi115, 164Nerva, emperor17NileriverNimbusChristian iconography/symbolsnymphaeumfountainOctavianAugustusOlympieion181, 206Onesiphoros, tomb of67opisthodomos13Osiris57, 94, 136palace3, 26, 77–79, 146Parthian Monument11pedestal57, 140, 144pendentives75peristasis11, 13peristyle13, 80, 82–84, 93, 137, 142, 147, 150, 152–54, 186, 211, 221, 225, 230, 239, 243–44, 246, 248phallus212–13Pollio, Caius Sextilius202Marcus Aurelius Mindius Mattidianus205–6monument130Publius Vedius202pomerium118Pompa/procession4, 27, 108, 112–17, 130–31, 136, 146, 153–54portico6, 22, 27, 29, 80, 138, 144–45, 147, 150, 153, 165potteryCeramics/potterypresbyter69, 124presbyterium41propylon42, 45, 96–99Prytaneion93prytanis/prytaneis195–96, 199–200 205Prytany205pseudo-dipteral13, 15public religion73Reliefs7, 12, 18–19, 75, 84, 212, 213, 215, 217, 221, 241–244, 246river:Kaystros158, 177Nile42, 57of paradise65Roma, cult of6, 153, 195–96, 199–201, 203, 225–26Salutaris, Caius Vibius4, 113–15, 117–18Sanctuary2, 5–6, 12, 17, 20, 28–29, 70, 105, 115, 117–18, 135–36, 142, 145–46, 152–54, 158–60, 162, 165, 199, 202–4, 206, 216, 219, 233SebasteionAugusteumSebastoi11, 21Septimius Severus, emperor66SerapeionTemple of SerapisSerapis42, 45, 218, 219, 221–22, 224, 233–35, 237, 246Seven Sleepers, Ephesos64, 73Side, East Gate108, 110silversmiths175–76Socrates66South Street (Südstrasse)93, 96, 98, 100, 110–11spoliation19St. Mary/Mother of God64–65, 69St. George66, 69St. Luke67, 172St. Paul1–3, 62–69, 171–77, 181–83, 188Cave of62–70StaatsmarktUpper Agorastatue4, 12–13, 15, 17, 20–21, 27, 31, 42, 58, 75, 113–16, 136–38, 145, 152, 160, 162, 164, 176, 188, 197, 202–203, 219, 243, 246statuettes7, 211, 214, 222–24stoa29, 45, 84, 94–96, 100–4, 112, 117, 202–3symbol/symbolic2, 3, 57, 63, 73–75, 82–83, 86, 117–18, 125, 135, 213taberna12, 22, 27, 29, 84–85, 219Tarragona Cathedral68temenos5, 11, 13, 18, 19, 21–22, 27, 29–32, 94, 117–18, 202temple/templum1–2, 5–7, 11–13, 15, 17–28, 30–32, 35–36, 41–60, 76, 93–95, 105, 115–118, 125, 140–46, 154, 158–62, 164–66, 168, 177, 188–89, 195, 202–7Temple of Artemis/Artemision1, 4–6, 108, 110, 112–18, 141, 146, 158–60, 162–68, 199, 202–3, 206altar of5, 117, 141, 165–66Temple of Domitian2, 11, 15, 17, 20–26, 28, 30, 32, 35, 36Flavian Temple2Temple of the Sebastoi11, 21Terrace of12–14, 18, 21–25, 27–28, 35Temple of Serapis/Serapeion1–2, 41–44, 47–57, 59–60, 188Temple of the SebastoiTemple of DomitianTemple of Zeus, Aizanoi27templon63Terrace Houses7, 80, 174–75, 210, 227, 230–31, 233–34, 239–40, 243–44, 246, 248Terrace House Street (Hanghaussttrasse)212–13Terrace House 15, 7, 84–85, 137, 150–51, 213, 230–31, 234, 243–44Terrace House 25, 7, 18, 64, 84, 135, 137, 147–49, 153, 174, 211, 213–15, 217–27, 230, 232–47Tertullian69Tetragonos AgoraLower Agora/Tetragonos Agoratetrakonchos78theater of Ephesos1, 3, 5, 76–77, 84, 114–15, 136–46, 152–54, 173, 175–76, 181, 188, 199Thekla1–3, 62, 64–69Tiberius, emperor164, 198, 202–3Theodosius II, emperor76Theokleia3, 66–67, 69thymiaterion7, 211, 221–22, 234, 246Timothy136Titus, emperor15–16Trajan, emperor28, 113, 142, 196, 199tunic66Upper Agora1–4, 6, 11, 22, 31, 35, 93–105, 110–11, 114–15, 175, 182, 202–3Verulanus Halls77, 80, 82–83Vespasian, emperor12, 15, 21Via Latina64wall paintings2, 63, 82, 130, 217, 219–20, 225, 230, 233, 239warehouse (horrea)186–88xenodocheion80Zeus27, 137