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Subject Index

Abgar 3, 69, 83–84
Abraham 64
pictured with Isaac 64, 69
acclamation 63–64
Acilius Iulius, Claudius 176
Acts of John 69
Acts of Timothy 69
afterlife 123, 124, 125
agathos daimon 214, 216–17, 227
Agonothete(s) 137, 195–96, 199, 205, 207
Alexander the Great 136, 195, 198, 241, 242
altar 5, 7, 11–13, 18–20, 22, 31, 35, 63, 68, 117, 137–38, 141–42, 152–53, 164–66, 211, 219–21, 223, 233, 243–44
of the ArtemisionTemple of Artemis
Alytarchos Stoa 84
Ancestor cult 216, 218, 227, 241, 246
Androklos 75, 114
Heroon of 74–76, 219
Anubis 58
Aphrodite 149, 231–33, 246
apocryphal writings 2, 67, 69
Apollo 13, 96, 231
Apollonius of Tyana 118
apostle 64, 66, 68–69, 176
Aqueduct 18, 112
Aristion, Tiberius, Claudius 21, 112, 176, 204–5
Aristonikos 195
architectural order 13
Corinthian 15, 29, 45, 53
Doric 25, 27–29, 95–96, 111, 165, 168
Ionic 15, 29, 53, 141, 146
Arkadiane Street 77, 80
Artemis 5, 113–16 152–53, 158–62, 164–66, 176–77, 198, 202, 204, 219–20, 244–45
ArtemisionTemple of Artemis
artisans 174–75, 183, 188, 206
association/collegium 2, 5, 27, 124, 135–38, 143–44, 146–47, 149–50, 153–54, 212
asylia 118
Athena 199, 221, 224–25, 231, 233
Attalos II Philadelphos 138, 177
Augusteum/Sebasteion 5–6, 160, 162, 164, 168, 199, 202–3
Augustus, emperor 3, 5, 94–95, 103, 117–18, 131, 141, 163, 195–96, 199, 201–3
Octavian 94, 196–97, 201–2
Austrian Archaeological Institute 63–64, 82, 93, 95, 165, 166, 182, 227
balneum 77
banquet/banquet hall 5, 84, 135, 137, 142–47, 150, 152–54
barbarian figures 29
barrier slab 74, 82–83
basileia 116, 142–43
Basilica of St. John 199
basilike stoa 95, 103–4, 202–3
baths/bathing 18, 73, 76–77, 79, 93, 103, 142, 144, 147, 176, 181
areas within a bath 77
Bath, HarborHarbor Baths
Baths of Varius 93
bishop 3, 79, 124, 136
bishop’s palace/Episkopeion 3, 79
Bouleuterion 93
burial containers 126
ostotheke 125–27, 130
pottery 126
sarcophagus 64, 112, 126–27, 130
burial goods 123
burial house/tomb/grave 4, 5, 67–68, 76, 117, 126–27, 129–31, 168, 172, 174–76, 216
catacomb 64
Catacomb of Commodilla 68
Catacomb of Domitilla 69
New Catacomb 64
reuse of 130
uniformity of 127, 130
wall painting 130
burial/funeral (funus) practice 1, 4–5, 84–85, 123–31, 174, 218
cremation 4, 125–26
inhumation 4, 125
procession (pompa funebris) 130–31
burial monuments/gravestones 124–25, 130–31, 172, 176, 188–89, 216
burial site/necropolis/cemetery 1, 4, 73, 126–29, 130–31, 174–75, 189
intra-urban 130–32
Byzantine Asia Minor 80
Byzantine Christianity 3, 73, 86
Byzantine city 80, 86
Byzantine district/quarter 77, 82
Byzantine period 1–4, 8, 18, 29, 35, 62, 65, 73, 77, 80, 82, 86, 131, 176–77
Byzantine structures 17
bath 77
fountain 19
house 75
palace 77–79
reservoir 18
tower 18
wall 11, 18, 27
well house 75
Caesar, Caius JuliusDivus Iulius 94, 195–99, 201, 204
cult of 94, 201–2
flamen of 197
Forum of 94
Caesareum at Cyrene 94
capital, architectural 31, 46, 49, 53, 57, 63, 82, 85–86, 141–42, 146, 197
capital of the province of Asia 4, 95, 123, 197, 204
Caracalla, emperor 42, 204
castellum aquae 93
catacombBurial house/tomb/grave
cavea 5, 138, 140, 145, 154, 166–67
cella 11, 13, 15, 17–18, 41, 45, 53, 57–58
Celsus, Library of 45, 76, 130
Celsus, Platonist author 174
cemeteryBurial site
ceramics/pottery 7, 31, 35, 95, 126, 166, 172, 174–77, 181, 183, 223, 241
Chapel of Peace, El Bagawat, Egypt 69
Christ 64–66, 69, 171–73, 188
Christ-child 64
resurrection 125
Christian iconography/symbols 3, 63, 66–67, 73–75, 82–83, 86
Christianity 2–3, 73, 86, 171, 174
cross 3, 57, 63–64, 73–75, 82–86, 203
evangelists 75
nimbus 64
saints/relics/martyrs 65, 83, 131
Third Ecumenical Council 76
Christians, early followers 124, 172–73
Church of Mary 77, 79–80, 83, 176
cistern 18
cistophori 136
citizen 4, 126, 130–31, 196–97, 202, 206
citizenship 108
city grid 23, 145, 150, 187
city wall 4, 18, 77, 110–11, 113, 117, 146, 174
Lysimachian city walls 110
Claudius, emperor 28, 41, 176, 203
Cleopatra 94, 143, 159
coin 13, 22, 31, 35, 63, 196–98, 200, 202–4, 223
collegiumassociation/collegium
colonnade 11, 21–25, 27, 31, 33, 35–36, 73, 147, 175, 183
Doric colonnade 25, 27
column 13, 28–29, 31, 33, 45–46, 49, 57, 60, 63, 75–76, 79, 82, 96, 98, 103, 136, 138, 141–42, 144, 147, 150, 152, 162, 164–65, 175, 182–83
commemoration (memoria) 5, 124
Commodus, emperor 42, 136
contamination/purification 57, 124
cremationburial/funeral (funus) practice
crossChristian iconography/symbol
cryptoporticus 12, 22–27
cuirass 15
cyma 52
Damianus, Titus Flavius 112
via tecta 112
damnatio memoriae 12, 21, 35, 204
David, King 64, 69
Demeter 24, 26, 136–37
diakonia 79
diazoma 138, 145
dining couch 140, 144
Dionysia festival 116, 195, 199
Dionysos 1, 5, 94, 135–40, 142–43, 145–47, 149–50, 152–54, 221, 234, 237
festival (Dionysia) 116, 136, 145, 153–54, 195, 199
ivy/thyrsos imagery 33, 75, 136–37
mysteries/initiation rites 58, 136–37, 145, 150, 153–54
priesthood of 5, 137, 147, 153
sanctuary of 5, 135–36, 145–46, 154
synhedroi of 136
votive altars of 138
Divus Iulius 6, 196–99, 201, 210
domestic religion 1, 3, 7, 85, 211, 213, 216, 219, 221–22, 227, 234, 240–41, 245–46, 248
Domitian, emperor 2, 11–18, 20–28, 30, 32, 35–36, 93, 159, 203–4
Domitian Plaza 12, 22–23, 27–28
Domitian Street 12
Domitianic period 181
domus 5, 7, 142–143, 150–52, 212, 228
earthquake 3, 6, 45, 76, 150, 172, 205, 207, 212, 227, 230
seismic catastrophe 76
Elijah 65, 69
Embolos 115, 136, 144, 150, 212, 219
ephebes 4, 115–16
Ephesos as caput viae 112
management of space 76
manufacturing centers 174
Episkopeionbishop’s palace/Episkopeion
Eros/erotes 46–47, 231
Etchmiadzin Cathedral, Armenia 69
excavation 1–8, 11–13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 22, 29, 31, 33, 35, 41–42, 45, 57, 73, 79, 80, 93, 100, 103, 109–11, 117, 126–27, 158, 161, 165–66, 171, 173–74, 176, 181, 187, 211–12, 216, 221, 223, 227, 231, 241
festival 21, 171
Artemisia 6
Artemis Agrotera 115–16
Dionysia 115, 136, 153–54, 195
Eleusinia 116
Hadrianeia 207
katagogia 145
Panathenaia 116
penteteric 115
Sebasta 202
Sebasteia 115
Soteria 115
Flavian era 6, 19, 138, 233
foundation deposit 7, 211, 223, 225, 248
fountain 3, 12, 18, 19, 29, 33, 73–75, 86, 147, 149–150, 152, 222
nymphaeum 24, 33–34, 41
of Laecanius Bassus 12, 24
Four Column Memorial 75–76
freedmen 103, 126, 206
frieze 19, 45–47, 52–53, 57, 111
frieze of weapons 19, 111
funeral (funus)burial/funeral (funus) practice
Gate of Herakles 141
geophysical survey 1–3, 6, 13, 19, 21, 31, 79–80, 127, 144, 171, 181–82, 184–85, 187
gladiators 7, 231, 232, 239, 244
GPR (Ground-penetrating radar) 6, 31, 181–84, 187
GPS (Global positioning systems) 181
graffito/i 2, 7, 63, 172, 188, 213, 225–26, 233
graveburial house
griffin 47
gylloi, Miletos 117
Hadrian, emperor 76, 136–38, 142, 144, 150, 153, 181, 204–5
Halls of Verulanus 77, 80, 82–83
harbor 3, 6, 18, 41, 45, 77, 80–84, 108, 127, 136, 159, 175–83, 185–89, 205, 207
commercial harbor 177
Harbor Baths 181
Harbor Gymnasium 77, 80–82, 84, 159
Hellenistic harbor 179
sacred harbor 177
Harpokrates 58, 233, 246
Hebrew Bible 69
Hekate 13, 27, 160, 214, 245
Hekateia 84
Hellenistic period 4, 6–7, 12–13, 105, 108–11, 116–18, 125, 130, 136, 138, 142–43, 146, 174, 176–77, 182–83, 186–87, 195, 213–14, 221–22, 228, 230, 237, 241, 244, 246
architecture 95–96, 110–11, 138, 140, 142, 146, 152, 166, 230–31, 243–44
city 108–9, 146, 241
grave relief 216
pottery 174
pre-Hellenistic 113, 118, 154
ruler cults 143
herm 152, 219, 244–45
honorific memorials/monuments 76, 86, 130, 199
horos (boundary) stone 117–18, 188
iconography 74–75, 86
immortality 57
imperial cult 1, 6–7, 11–12, 20, 29, 31, 60, 93–94, 143, 146, 164, 195–97, 201–7, 212, 243
altar 20
imperial forum 93–94, 105
fora of Caesar and Augustus in Rome 94
inhumationburial/funeral (funus) practice
inscriptions 3–5, 8, 20–22, 31, 36, 42, 45, 57, 63–66, 69, 83–84, 86, 113–18, 125–26, 136–37, 146–47, 152–53, 158, 160–62, 164, 166, 175, 181, 198–99, 202, 204–5, 207, 241, 243–44
insula 7, 23, 211–12
Isis 42, 94, 222, 224–25, 233, 246
Jewish scribes 66
Julio-Claudian imperial house 22, 202–3, 207
Jupiter 15, 164
koinon of Asia 196, 204–7
Koressos Gate 108, 115–16
Kouretes Street 31, 74, 84, 115, 141, 150, 176
Laecanius Bassus, Nymphaeum offountain
lamp 3, 27, 82, 221, 233, 246
landscape 108, 123, 125–27, 153, 171, 173, 177, 189
landscape archaeology 171
latrine 33, 80
liminality 4, 108, 113, 116–17, 188
liturgical installations 3, 84
liturgical contexts 86
liturgical function 84
Lower Agora/Tetragonos Agora 28, 41, 76, 93, 114, 136–37, 181, 183, 188
Lysimachos 108, 114, 146, 241–42
Magnesian Gate 1, 4, 73–74, 93, 108–18, 174–75, 181–82, 188
magnetometry 174, 181–84, 187
maphorion 66
Marc Antony 94, 136, 143, 197–99, 201–2
and Cleopatra 94, 143, 159
Marcus Aurelius, emperor 205–6
mask 233, 239, 246
Megabyzos/Megabyxos 202
merchant 175
Messene South Gate 108, 110
metropolitanof Ephesos 180
mosaic 33–34, 68, 78, 80, 82, 96, 147, 149, 152, 162, 225, 230
Mouseion 45
necropolisburial site/necropolis/cemetery
neokoros 204–5
neokorate 6, 12–13, 20, 22, 93, 195, 201–4, 206
neopoioi 115, 164
Nerva, emperor 17
Nileriver
NimbusChristian iconography/symbols
nymphaeumfountain
OctavianAugustus
Olympieion 181, 206
Onesiphoros, tomb of 67
opisthodomos 13
Osiris 57, 94, 136
palace 3, 26, 77–79, 146
Parthian Monument 11
pedestal 57, 140, 144
pendentives 75
peristasis 11, 13
peristyle 13, 80, 82–84, 93, 137, 142, 147, 150, 152–54, 186, 211, 221, 225, 230, 239, 243–44, 246, 248
phallus 212–13
Pollio, Caius Sextilius 202
Marcus Aurelius Mindius Mattidianus 205–6
monument 130
Publius Vedius 202
pomerium 118
Pompa/procession 4, 27, 108, 112–17, 130–31, 136, 146, 153–54
portico 6, 22, 27, 29, 80, 138, 144–45, 147, 150, 153, 165
potteryCeramics/pottery
presbyter 69, 124
presbyterium 41
propylon 42, 45, 96–99
Prytaneion 93
prytanis/prytaneis 195–96, 199–200 205
Prytany 205
pseudo-dipteral 13, 15
public religion 73
Reliefs 7, 12, 18–19, 75, 84, 212, 213, 215, 217, 221, 241–244, 246
river:
Kaystros 158, 177
Nile 42, 57
of paradise 65
Roma, cult of 6, 153, 195–96, 199–201, 203, 225–26
Salutaris, Caius Vibius 4, 113–15, 117–18
Sanctuary 2, 5–6, 12, 17, 20, 28–29, 70, 105, 115, 117–18, 135–36, 142, 145–46, 152–54, 158–60, 162, 165, 199, 202–4, 206, 216, 219, 233
SebasteionAugusteum
Sebastoi 11, 21
Septimius Severus, emperor 66
SerapeionTemple of Serapis
Serapis 42, 45, 218, 219, 221–22, 224, 233–35, 237, 246
Seven Sleepers, Ephesos 64, 73
Side, East Gate 108, 110
silversmiths 175–76
Socrates 66
South Street (Südstrasse) 93, 96, 98, 100, 110–11
spoliation 19
St. Mary/Mother of God 64–65, 69
St. George 66, 69
St. Luke 67, 172
St. Paul 1–3, 62–69, 171–77, 181–83, 188
Cave of 62–70
StaatsmarktUpper Agora
statue 4, 12–13, 15, 17, 20–21, 27, 31, 42, 58, 75, 113–16, 136–38, 145, 152, 160, 162, 164, 176, 188, 197, 202–203, 219, 243, 246
statuettes 7, 211, 214, 222–24
stoa 29, 45, 84, 94–96, 100–4, 112, 117, 202–3
symbol/symbolic 2, 3, 57, 63, 73–75, 82–83, 86, 117–18, 125, 135, 213
taberna 12, 22, 27, 29, 84–85, 219
Tarragona Cathedral 68
temenos 5, 11, 13, 18, 19, 21–22, 27, 29–32, 94, 117–18, 202
temple/templum 1–2, 5–7, 11–13, 15, 17–28, 30–32, 35–36, 41–60, 76, 93–95, 105, 115–118, 125, 140–46, 154, 158–62, 164–66, 168, 177, 188–89, 195, 202–7
Temple of Artemis/Artemision 1, 4–6, 108, 110, 112–18, 141, 146, 158–60, 162–68, 199, 202–3, 206
altar of 5, 117, 141, 165–66
Temple of Domitian 2, 11, 15, 17, 20–26, 28, 30, 32, 35, 36
Flavian Temple 2
Temple of the Sebastoi 11, 21
Terrace of 12–14, 18, 21–25, 27–28, 35
Temple of Serapis/Serapeion 1–2, 41–44, 47–57, 59–60, 188
Temple of the SebastoiTemple of Domitian
Temple of Zeus, Aizanoi 27
templon 63
Terrace Houses 7, 80, 174–75, 210, 227, 230–31, 233–34, 239–40, 243–44, 246, 248
Terrace House Street (Hanghaussttrasse) 212–13
Terrace House 1 5, 7, 84–85, 137, 150–51, 213, 230–31, 234, 243–44
Terrace House 2 5, 7, 18, 64, 84, 135, 137, 147–49, 153, 174, 211, 213–15, 217–27, 230, 232–47
Tertullian 69
Tetragonos AgoraLower Agora/Tetragonos Agora
tetrakonchos 78
theater of Ephesos 1, 3, 5, 76–77, 84, 114–15, 136–46, 152–54, 173, 175–76, 181, 188, 199
Thekla 1–3, 62, 64–69
Tiberius, emperor 164, 198, 202–3
Theodosius II, emperor 76
Theokleia 3, 66–67, 69
thymiaterion 7, 211, 221–22, 234, 246
Timothy 136
Titus, emperor 15–16
Trajan, emperor 28, 113, 142, 196, 199
tunic 66
Upper Agora 1–4, 6, 11, 22, 31, 35, 93–105, 110–11, 114–15, 175, 182, 202–3
Verulanus Halls 77, 80, 82–83
Vespasian, emperor 12, 15, 21
Via Latina 64
wall paintings 2, 63, 82, 130, 217, 219–20, 225, 230, 233, 239
warehouse (horrea) 186–88
xenodocheion 80
Zeus 27, 137

Religion in Ephesos Reconsidered

Archaeology of Spaces, Structures, and Objects

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