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Illustrations

Figures

  1. 2.1Crude rate of net migration in Finland, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain, per 1,000 habitants 50
  2. 2.2Religiosity in Ireland and Portugal 1981–2008, per cent 51
  3. 2.3Religious service attendance in Ireland and Portugal 1981–2008, per cent 52
  4. 9.1Apprehensions of undocumented aliens in Greece 2006–2014 208
  5. 9.2Extreme right anti-muslim poster 213
  6. 11.1Mebkhara, Dublin, 2010 250
  7. 11.2Hoq, Cork, 2011 250
  8. 11.3Bambar, Cork, 2011 252
  9. 11.4Gabanat al-qahwa, Cork, 2010 254
  10. 11.5Mawlid doll, Cork, 2010 256
  11. 11.6Scarificated faces, Cork, 2011 257
  12. 11.7A–BTraditional aqal, Somaliland, 2006 261
  13. 11.8Xeedho, Finland, 2019 263

Maps

  1. 12.1Muslims (over 15 years old) per 1000 inhabitants, by parish, Lisbon Metropolitan Area, 2001 277
  2. 12.2Muslims (over 15 years old) per 1000 inhabitants, by parish, Lisbon Metropolitan Area, 2011 278
  3. 12.3Municipalities and other places, Lisbon Metropolitan Area 279
  4. 12.4Islamic places of worship, Lisbon Metropolitan Area, 2001 280
  5. 12.5Islamic places of worship, Lisbon Metropolitan Area, 2014 281

Tables

  1. 0.1Total population and estimates of Muslim population in Finland, Greece, Ireland and Portugal in 2011/2012 5
  2. 2.1Denominational belonging in Ireland 1981–2008 52
  3. 2.2Denominational belonging in Portugal 1981–2008 53
  4. 6.1Honneth’s struggle for recognition typology 140
  5. 6.2Interviewees’ perceptions per sphere of everyday life 142
  6. 8.1Means and standard deviation for attitudes toward Muslims, perception of Muslims as terrorists and perceptions of Muslims as a threat to country’s culture, by country 191
  7. 8.2Correlations between attitudes toward Muslims, perception of Muslims as terrorism supporters and perceptions of Muslims as a threat to country’s culture, by country 194
  8. 9.1Foreign nationals in Greece originating from Muslim countries, 2001–2011 206
  9. 12.1Religious affiliation in Portugal and the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, population aged 15 and over, 1981–2011 273
  10. 12.2Muslim population aged 15 or over in Lisbon Metropolitan Area, by main nationalities and country of birth, 2011 274

Muslims at the Margins of Europe

Finland, Greece, Ireland and Portugal

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