Index

A-effect.V-effekt, Verfremdungseffekt
Abolition37 , 45 , 49 , 51
Abolitionism2829 , 151n5 , 152
Danish45 , 5657
Adonis9 , 19 , 2829 , 33 , 3536 , 38
Aesthetic4n10 , 19 , 21 , 22 , 27 , 35 , 412 , 65 , 109 , 150 , 153 , 1645 , 194 , 213
practice 5, 10–13, (feminist)111 , 17375 , 178 , 18283
representation36 , 63 , 84 , 200
regime111 , 115 , 117 , 121 , 123Rancière
desire (Baudelaire)120
of the theatre13031 , 13840
of the museum.Display case, Museum
Aesthetics56 , 89 , 1113 , 40 , 60 , 110 , 116
of excess/exaggeration65 , 79
of “doubled-voiced discourse,”6668
film196 , 203
Affection-image193 , 202205 , 208
Affective202205 , 21213
Agency12 , 32 , 134 , 145 , 177 , 188 , 195
historical11011 , 11415 , 121 , 123
masculine173 , 175
reader/spectator134
Alienation55 , 94 , 129 , 141 , 146Verfremdungseffekt
Allegory, (H.C. Andersen)4245 , 4850 , 5253 , 60 , 157
(Baudelaire)157 , 161 , 165
“Anaconda” (Minaj).Minaj
Andersen, H.C.4160
Andersen, Jens45 , 49
Archive4 , 78 , 20
Hutchins Center for African and African American Research5
transatlantic slave trade23
Art18 , 11
contemporary2 , 12 , 17391
history105 , 18488Visual art
Ashcroft, Bill119
Aunt Jemima9 , 63 , 65 , 67 , 7174 , 76 , 79 , 8163
“Old Aunt Jemima” (song)6970
Baartman, Sara14 , 79 , 424 , 525 , 59 , 67 , 79 , 95n23 , 151 , 184
autopsy report34 , 7 , 11
exhibition56 , 17476
portrayal in Venus (Parks)12947
portrayal in Vénus noire (Kechiche)13 , 193 , 195 (Saartjie) 199 , 20413
“Baby Got Back” (Sir Mix-a-Lot).Sir Mix-a-Lot
Barker, Jennifer210
Barthes, Roland123 , 182 , 188
Bas bleu déclamant sa pièce, Le (Daumier)162
Baudelaire, Charles10 , 12 , 108109 , 11115 , 11618 , 120 , 124 , 14970
Beaumont, Mme de48n21
Beer, Gillian167
Behn, Aphra31
Benjamin, Walter67 , 111 , 12224 , 135n19
Birth of Venus, The (Botticelli)93 , 14243
Blackface65 , 6771
Black female body18 , 13 , 267 , 304 , 916 , 105 , 193 Walker, K., Minaj, Desire
Black Venus113
contemporary parody. Walker, K., Minaj
in fairy tale.Andersen, H.C., Fairy tale
Italian imperial propaganda89105
theatre and the spectacle.Parks
semantic re-figurations.Gilroy
short story.Carter
in Baudelaire.Baudelaire
displayed bodies.Display case, Museum
in film.Kechiche, Dreyer
Blake, William9 , 19 , 2426 , 30 , 37
Europe Supported by Africa and America25
Body1 , 3 , 52 , 64 , 102 , 151 , 165 , 169 , 12947 , 17391 , 19698 , 204 , 2069 , 212–14 Black Female Body, Desire
Brecht, Bertolt22 , 129 , 133 , 137 , 140 , 14446 , 141n29Epic theatre, Verfremdungseffekt
Camerawork198 , 206 , 21011
Calasso, Roberto169
Campassi, Gabriella92n11
Caponetto, Rosetta Giuliani95
Carter, Angela10 , 10815 , 11824
Cartesian200201 , 203
Certeau, Michel de110n7
Chambers, Ross110 , 121
Cinema, (narrative)4 , 11 , 98 , 193214Deleuze, Cinematography, Gaze
Camerawork, Haptic, Kechiche, Dreyer
Cinematography13 , 193 , 196214
Christian viii of Denmark45 , 56
Close-up13 , 193 , 196 , 202204 , 206207
Cognitive11 , 13 , 12931 , 146 , 193 , 200 , 203 , 205 , 209 , 213
Colonial5 , 812 , 1921 , 234 , 37 , 416 , 546 , 5860 , 65 , 79 , 8994 , 1045 , 133 , 142 , 151 , 155 , 170 , 177 , 1846 , 189 , 193n1 , 207
imagery92
fantasies96100
power dynamics11113 , 11920 , 123Gaze, Universal Exhibition
Colonialism9 , 19 , 170 , 186
Denmark4445 , 51 , 5556 , 59
Italy90105
Compagnon, Antoine153
Conrad, Joseph50
Contact zone27Pratt
Cuvier, Georges35 , 7 , 43n7 , 137n23 , 151 , 176
in Vénus noire193n , 206208
Daumier, Honoré16163 , 165 , 167
Le Bas bleu déclamant sa pièce162
Decadence16566 , 168
Decolonization177
Degeneration89 , 91 , 9495 , 102 , 104
Deleuze, Gilles193 , 196 , 202205 , 210n36
Deserts of Libya, The (Il deserto di Libya, Tobino)8990 , 96100 , 105
Desire3 , 89 , 13 , 1920 , 2930 , 34 , 367 , 434 , 82 , 142 , 14446 , 163–64
and repulsion5 , 52 , 95 , 137
object of31n18
and knowledge production65 , 79 , 83 , 111 , 174–95
male69 , 78 , 9799 , 101 , 103 , 112 , 114 , 120 , 123 , 197 , 199 , 204
ocular15659 , 200Gaze
Displacement19 , 2224 , 3132 , 163 , 165
Display case12 , 17384 , 18790
Dreyer, Carl Theodor13 , 19394 , 19698 , 202204 , 206 , 208 , 21213
Dundes, Alan46
Duval, Jeanne10 , 108109 , 11115 , 118–23
Duve, Arne54
Embodied9 , 63 , 67 , 72 , 82 , 108
spectatorship in cinema196 , 208 , 210 , 21213Walker, K.
Epic theatre11 , 12931 , 133n11 , 138 , 141 , 146Theatre
Epistemology , 8 , 1011 , 129 , 131 , 194 , 197 , 200 , 203 , 205
Ethical5 , 11 , 13 , 134 , 150 , 196 , 200 , 213
Europe Supported by Africa and America (Blake)19, 24–25
Exposition universelle.Universal Exposition
Face97–98, 193213
Fairy tale910 , 4144 , 49 , 108 , 12124Folklore
Falconetti, Renée Maria194 , 212
Felsenstein, Frank21n , 22n , 23n7 , 27n14
Flaiano, Ennio10 , 89102 , 104105
Feminism76 , 109 , 195
Feminist1 , 10 , 111 , 11415 , 118 , 161 , 186 , 19798
“Anaconda,”23Minaj
post-feminist6567 , 76 , 78
black feminist thought74
film criticism98
white108109 , 121 , 124
Figure45 , 7Black Venus, Hottentot Venus, Spivak
Figuration2 , 58 , 1011 , 13 , 19 , 27 , 12947 , 19394 , 196
Flaubert, Gustave117 , 161
Focalizer5 , 2628 , 91 , 97 , 99101
Folklore4648 , 121 , 123
Foucault, Michel12 , 149 , 15556
Freak13032 , 134 , 145 , 150 , 195
phenomena137 , 146 , 166Freak show
Freak show1112 , 43 , 645 , 129 , 132 , 13640 , 147 , 149 , 151 , 197
Frederik vii of Denmark51
Fusco, Coco12 , 17374 , 18890
Gamble, Sarah110
Gates, Jr., Henry Louis66 , 79 , 84
Gautier, Théophile153 , 16869
Gaze
Colonial and imperial5 , 10 , 12 , 103 , 151 , 186
male, objectifying13 , 26 , 30 , 31n19 , 8990 , 97105 , 132 , 19799
and the museum12 , 17378 , 18384 , 186 , 188 , 190
white63 , 65 , 70
oppositional75 , 84
to, defined.Schroeder
alienating150
and the cinema193199 , 203n21 , 205208 , 21213
Gender13 , 1923 , 28n15 , 34 , 37 , 91 , 9395 , 105 , 109 , 13031 , 13435 , 137 , 159 , 170 , 18586
performance29
in blackface comedy69Masculinity, Looking relations, Feminism
Gendered
Gendered89 , 1113 , 178 , 194
division of labor31
power dynamics67 , 186
typecasting200 , 207 , 210Gender
Genre810 , 19 , 23n8 , 27n14 , 4243 , 50 , 60 , 75 , 108 , 11314 , 12124 , 131
Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Étienne16667
Gilman, Sander L.1 , 6 , 35 , 55n51 , 95n23 , 144 , 151n5
Gilroy, Beryl9 , 1924 , 2738
Gjerden, Jorunn S.96 , 108n1
Glass case.Display case
Glissant, Édouard195n
Gómez-Peña, Guillermo12 , 17374 , 18890
Gordon-Chipembere, Natasha8 , 52 , 5455
Gould, Stephen1 , 8
Grønbech, Bo4647
Hajamadi, Fariba12 , 17374 , 17884 , 186
Hamlet (Shakespeare)142
Hands193 , 20611
Hansen, Thorkild42n6 , 47n16 , 51 , 5657 , 59
Haptic13 , 193 , 20810 , 21213
Henderson, Mae G.4n10 , 14
Heterotopia12 , 149 , 15557 , 16970
Hip hop4n10 , 7578 , 144
Historical
context5 , 8 , 20 , 42 , 44 , 49 , 54 , 59 , 83 , 109 , 113
representation9 , 66 , 115 , 174
novel2223
romance23n8
fabrication55
“imagined” Baartman135
construct123 , 200
History1112 , 19 , 24 , 63 , 70 , 7274 , 79 , 8184 , 111 , 11314 , 11718 , 142
African American 6384
post/colonial3 , 910 , 23 , 4142 , 44 , 5556 , 5960 , 89 , 109
of Black Venus5 , 8
repackaged, remixed67 , 24 , 13132 , 135
alternative2021
natural, scientific12 , 14951 , 155–56 , 158 , 165
visual and art65 , 173 , 178 , 18386 , 18889 , 194, 197African American, Historical, Colonial
Hottentot apron1 , 31n19 , 5455
Hottentot Venus3n8 , 8 , 12 , 31n19 , 34n20 , 64 , 67 , 77 , 79 , 82 , 84, 95n23 , 135n19 , 136 , 142 , 144 , 17476 , 189 , 193 , 197, 203 , 199 , 207
in Baudelaire149159 , 165 , 170
Hutcheon, Linda66 , 112n11 , 113n , 114 , 120Repetition, Parody
Hysteria16365
Ideology8 , 2021 , 2728 , 32 , 36 , 42n5 , 6869 , 123
blackness as construct34n20
fascist89 , 94
bourgeois124
Imagination7 , 10 , 10810 , 12223 , 133n11 , 137 , 143 , 168 , 17476
in Baudelaire115 , 150 , 153 , 156 , 160 , 169 , 170
Imaginary.Imagination, Colonial
Immersion13 , 82 , 193 , 210 , 213
Imperialism9 , 10 , 4142 , 49 , 10821 , 124 , 133 , 137 , 15556 , 170
Italian8992 , 102105
Imperialist.Imperialism
Irony2122 , 28 , 30 , 36 , 38 , 53 , 56 , 96 , 100 , 105 , 113 , 140 , 140 , 143 , 146 , 150 , 153 , 156 , 161 , 16465 , 170 , 213
Italiani brava gente104
Jeanne d’Arc13 , 19397 , 200204 , 208209 , 21213
Jegerstedt, Kari59 , 96 , 195n6
Jezebel9 , 63 , 65 , 67 , 7477 , 8084
Joan of ArcJeanne D’Arc
Jørgensen, Aage56
Kaplan, Ann E.103105
Kechiche, Abdellatif2 , 13 , 19398 , 199n12 , 206 , 209 , 21114
Kinaesthetic193 , 210 , 211 , 213
Knowledge production8 , 11 , 13 , 17475 , 193 , 195 , 200 , 206
Kofoed, Niels5354
Land of the Covenant5859
Larsen, Ebba Kathrine57
Legend19 , 2324 , 2728 , 151n5
of Sara Baartman42 , 55 , 59
“Les Épaves” (Mme Reybaud)46 , 49
Literature811 , 1938 , 4160 , 89105 , 10825 , 129147 , 14970Poetry
Lewis, Robin Coste67
Ligon, Richard21n , 23
Looking relations103105 , 197Gaze
Ma Rainey67 , 7076 , 79
“Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom,”7076 , 79
Magubane, Zine34n20 , 44 , 55n51
Marker, Frederick J.51
Marks, Laura200201 , 208
Masculinity10 , 29 , 69 , 75 , 89 , 94 , 101 , 104
Materiality201 , 206 , 208
Matoaka1920
Matus, Jill111 , 112n12 , 113n13 , 11415 , 120
Mauron, Charles167
Mbeki, Thabo1 , 14
Medicine show64
Melancholia153 , 154n21 , 157 , 16365
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice196 , 210n36
Metaphor.Replacement
Metonymy.Displacement
Michelet, Jules117
Miller, J. Hillis200201
Minaj, Nicki23 , 910 , 63 , 6569 , 7479 , 8284
“Anaconda,”23 , 9 , 75 , 77 , 78
Minstrel show64 , 6869 , 7072 , 79 , 83
Minstrelsy65 , 6770 , 74
Modernity91 , 150 , 15356
anti-modernity153
Monster12 , 14970See also Freak show
Mortensen, Klaus P.54
Moses49 , 5759
Mulvey, Laura98 , 103 , 19899 , 204
Munford, Rebecca11415 , 120
Museum7 , 1112 , 64 , 15659 , 17391
Madame Tussauds65 , 76 , 84
of “living curiosities,”14960 , 16670
Mute speech.Rancière
Myth14243 , 157 , 165 , 169 , 174
of racial hierarchy4 , 102 , 104–105
of Venus and Adonis9 , 1921 , 29 , 35 , 37
Egyptian mythology54Adonis, Aunt Jemima, Carter
Nadar, Félix113 , 152n9
Napoleon iii154
Narrative610, 19 , 2123 , 26–38 , 52 , 91 , 97 , 103 , 108 , 11213 , 115 , 145 , 156n18
“Black Venus narrative” (Sharpley-Whiting)43
slave37
travel71n36
cinema98 , 19496 , 19899 , 201202 , 208
Western, hegemonic110 , 1823 , 186 , 190
counter-189
Nochlin, Linda18384
Objectification7778 , 84 , 13234 , 137 , 142 , 17677 , 188 , 193214
Oral tradition10 , 108 , 12123
Ongetiteld (Rose)18688
Onlooker7476 , 8283 , 186Gaze
Opacity195n6 , 200
Orient43 , 58 , 99100 , 18384 , 190
Oriental8 , 5758 , 98 , 100 , 102 , 104 , 140 , 146 , 148 , 168 , 182
Orientalism8 , 57n2 , 58 , 98114 , 120 , 133n1 , 184
Orientalist114 , 120, (Gérôme) 18384
Origin of Man16570
Other4n10 , 10 , 2123 , 28 , 6566 , 82 , 84 , 97 , 101 , 103105 , 109 , 119 , 133 , 13637 , 139
Spivak112 , 114 , 120Othering
Othering18384 , 19395 , 19798
imperialist (Spivak)120
Oxfeldt, Elisabeth4142 , 49 , 58
Palma, Silvana92
Parks, Suzan-Lori11 , 82 , 129 , 12947
Parody4n10 , 9 , 28 , 63 , 66 , 73 , 7779 , 111 , 142 , 15758 , 163 , 207Signifyin(g), Hutcheon
Perception26 , 129 , 135 , 146 , 201206 , 20810Cartesian, Haptic
Performative13 , 193 , 196 , 204205 , 210 , 211n39 , 213
Peripheral seeing205206
Perspective193 , 200205 , 214
Phantasm42 , 49 , 53
Pascal, Blaise16768
Pocahontas.Matoaka
Poe, Edgar Allan163
Poetry149170
Polezzi, Loredana90n5
Ponzanesi, Sandra9293
Postcolonial23 , 810 , 44 , 90 , 105 , 108 , 177 , 193n1
critique17374 , 187Colonial, History
Pratt, Mary Louise27n13 , 90
Preciosity (précieuse)16163 , 168
Progress150 , 15357 , 16770
Prostitution12 , 34 , 78 , 14955 , 15860 , 170
Qureshi, Sadiah4344
Rose, Tracey17374 , 176n4 , 18490
Race, (intersectionality)9 , 12 , 1922 , 3234 , 43n7 , 70 , 79 , 94 , 109 , 130 , 132 , 133n11 , 137 , 144 , 149 , 152 , 170 , 200 , 206
mixed4445 , 49 , 53 , 56 , 95n23
as spectacle131 , 135 , 143 , 147
theory, (Gobineau)166 , (Gautier) 16869Racialized, Racism
Racialized12 , 9 , 11 , 13 , 2021 , 123 , 194 , 195n4 , 200 , 207 , 210
markers6Race
Racism6667 , 7879 , 83 , 95n23 , 133n11 , 177
Rancière, Jacques10 , 24 , 124
distribution of the sensible26 , 110
aesthetic regime111 , 11516
mute speech11718
Rape29 , 3536 , 42 , 77 , 79 , 101 , 104
Regeneration91 , 94 , 100102 , 104
“Repetition with critical difference” (Hutcheon)9 , 63 , 66 , 7779 , 81 , 84
Replacement19 , 2223 , 32 , 34 , 37
Representative regime116 , 118Rancière
Re-presentation108
Re-vision.Rich
Mme Reybaud46“Les Épaves”
Rice, Thomas D. “Daddy,”68
Rich, Adrienne66
Robecchi-Bricchetti, Luigi8990
Ross, Alison117
Rothenberg, Molly Anne7 , 7n20 , 15
Rømer, Ludewig Ferdinand51
Sage, Lorna109
Said, Edward W.120n34 , 182 , 184
Sanyal, Debarati151 , 170
Schmid, Susanne120
Schneider, Marcel102
Schroeder, Jonathan9798
Schyff, Karlien van der59
Scopophilia65 , 82
Sega, Maria Teresa92n2
Scandinavian5 , 41
Sexism24 , 83 , 177
Sexuality5 , 20 , 26 , 28n15 , 29 , 3132 , 35 , 37 , 4244 , 71 , 77 , 109 , 137, 165
deviant48
and love5254 , 5556 , 59
and taboo57
black female6370 , 144 , 147 (Baartman) 9 , 143 , 14647
Sexualized9 , 2021 , 3236 , 49 , 6365 , 70 , 81 , 10811 , 129 , 133 , 159Black female body, Desire, Gaze
Sexual violence45 , 46 , 60 , 79
Shakespeare, William33Hamlet
Sharpley-Whiting, T. Denean4 , 5 , 11 , 43 , 55n51 , 197
Short Cut, The (Tempo di uccidere, Flaiano)90, 104–106 , 105
Signifyin(g)9 , 63 , 66 , 79Gates
Sir Mix-a-Lot23 , 78
Sideshow64 , 137n20 , 178
Slavery78 , 2023 , 26 , 31 , 33 , 37 , 45 , 47n16 , 49 , 51 , 53 , 79 , 8284 , 91 , 134 Abolition, Abolitionism
Smith, John19
Sòrgoni, Barbara95n23
Stead, Evanghelia16566
Stefani, Giulietta10 , 89 , 9395 , 101
Space78 , 12, 27n13, 120 , 156 , 164 , 174 , 17879 , 184 , 18990 , 201 , 203204 , 209
narrative28
imaginary115
colonial119
for the Other133
counter-14950 , 155
allegorized157Museum, Spatial
Span ii (Rose)187–88
Spatial1011 , 115 , 156 , 203208 , 211 , 213Looking relations, Affective, Close-up, Space
Spectacle11 , 65 , 83 , 112 , 12947 , 183 , 197, 201
Spectating bodies131 , 146 , 17391
Spectator1112 , 26 , 6566 , 7879 , 8284 , 98 , 129 , 13947
object looking back at17375 , 177 , 182 , 18491
of dialectical theatre13435 , 139 , 141
and visual involvement197 , 199 , 205207 , 210–13 Spectatorship, Gaze, Kinasthetics
Spectatorship11–13
theatrical130
urban space149
bodily193
cinematic196 , 206 , 208 , 213
Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty8 , 12425
on the figure5 , 20 , 59n69
postcolonial reason109 , 112 , 114 , 120
un-learning17374 , 17778 , 191Unlearning, Other, Othering
Stedman, John Gabriel23 , 31n17 , 37
Stefani, Giuletta10 , 89 , 934 , 101 , 104
Stereotype4n10 , 811 , 13 , 20 , 2627 , 38 , 65 , 67 , 7173 , 77 , 8184 , 89 , 95n23 , 111 , 131 , 13940 , 161n47 , 194 , 209 , 213
Subtlety, A.Walker, K.
Sugar Baby.Walker, K.
Svalesen, Leif53n43
Švrljuga, Željka96 , 108n , 135n19 , 195n6
Symbolism9 , 2426 , 28 , 3637 , 42 , 45 , 47 , 54 , 63 , 74, 78, 92n11, 140, 142 , 14445 , 194
in Blake2438
of Baartman59 , 135 , 176 , 195 , 207
degeneration102 , 104, (evil) 165
of social unity157 , 185Aunt Jemima, Black Venus
Tabula rasa11920
Tactile206 , 208209
Theatre5 , 11 , 4553 , 56 , 12947Andersen, H.C., Brecht, Epic theatre, Parks
Transatlantic slave trade9 , 23 , 29 , 4647 , 51 , 53
Tobino, Mario10 , 89 , 90 , 101103 , 105 Deserts of Libya, The
Topsøe-Jensen, Helge44 , 52
Torres, Yahima194
Typecast(ing).Stereotype
Un-Begotten/Nude (Hajamadi)178 , 181
Universal Exposition15457
Unlearning8 , 11 , 12 , 150 Spivak, “un-learning”
Un-Remembered/Dancer (Hajamadi)178–79
Un-Sleeping/Bride, (Hajamadi)178 , 180
Vall, Reneé van de200201 , 205206
V-effekt.Verfremdungseffekt
Venus (Parks)12947
Venus Hottentot.Hottentot Venus
Vénus noire, scene (Kechiche)198 , 209
Verfremdungseffekt11, 133n13 , 139
Viewer.Spectator
Virey, Julien-Joseph152
Vitrine.Display case
Visual arts2 , 1112 , 6384 , 17391 , 197 , 200, 205
Visual pleasure.Mulvey
Voice10, 27n14 , 32 , 36 , 38 , 77 , 84 , 88, 91 , 101102 , 104 , 10824 , 136 , 170
“double-voiced discourse”Aesthetics. Also see Hutcheon
Walker, Barbara G.54
Walker, Kara2 , 9 , 6370 , 7374 , 7884
A Subtlety64 , 7980 , 163
Warner, Marina51 , 57n62 , 60
Willis, Deborah2 , 8