Index

In: Jus Post Bellum
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IndexFootnote references are included in their relevant page numbers‘Absolution’ (see ‘Forgiveness’)182Aeschylus57Agency, military390397, 420Aggression197198Afghanistanix, xi, xvii, 27, 78, 84, 185, 189, 222, 281, 288, 311361, 346361, 365, 410, 419, 424, 434435Africa256, 260, 307North220, 415Agos‘Warrior spirit’ and ‘Fighting spirit’)4873, definedAir Power341, 352361, 423426Albania232Al-Qaeda220221, 297, 300, 304, 338Ansar-Dine221, 296302Aquinas, Saint Thomas77, 146, 158, 168, 175, 178, 196Arendt, Hannah138, 173Argentina264Aristotle31, 49, 51, 5354, 59, 6162, 72, 136, 141142, 144, 151, 157Asia5, 25, 307Asymmetrical war71, 80‘Atrocities’364, 405Auschwitz306Augustine, Saint12, 3943, 46, 77, 146, 168, 174, 176Australia21516Austria24, 288Baathist party118, 433Baghdad287Balkansxvii, 1, 230251, 334, 371, 424Bamiyan Buddhas281, 288Berlin289Berlin, Isaiah135, 209Bible, The124, 140, 142143, 173174Biggar, Nigelxviii, 173187, 408410, 445Blair, Tony121, 433‘Blue Shield Movement’288, 296Bin Laden, Osama134Bobbitt, Philip141, 206207, 215, 227Boethius198Borgia, Cesare139Bosnia and Herzegovinaix, xi, 3, 177, 230251, 323, 381, 415416, 428429Muslim Community234236Sprska Republic234, 237240Bush, George W.78, 152Cambodia260, 264Canada2, 351, 366, 436Central African Republic220, 273Chile264China9, 12, 28, 137, 160, 207Christianity6, 173, 180, 295, 302, 372, 408409and ‘Just War’140, 146, 151, 173177, 408409Cicero407‘Civil trust’248, 393, 428Citizen-soldiers393, 406Clausewitz, Carl von31, 165, 201202, 315, 366, 420Codes of Conduct‘Principles’)216217, 345, 397, 421, 431Cold War331, 335, 368, 422, 439Collateral damage97, 162, 328, 353, 42426‘Distinction’Collins, Tim340, 386387Colombiaix, xi, xvii, 218219, 252280, 377378, 381, 415‘Command responsibility’271278Special Jurisdiction for Peace252280Supreme Court263, 271‘Competition-cooperation’158, 190, 194195, 202, 207, 219‘Compassion’179Compromise189, 202‘Consequences-legitimacy’419, 423, 426Congo, Democratic Republicxi, 222, 255‘Conscience’202Counter insurgency (coin)315332, 342361, 414, 430Counter-intuition183, 188229, (defined 189), 432‘Courageous Restraint’ (compare ‘Tactical patience’)312324, 350, 352357, 434Crimeaxi, 116Croatiaxi, 371‘Crusade(s)’ (compare Jihad)151152, 157, 177, 408Cuba267Cultural Property Protection (cpp)281308Cultural awareness359360, 437438Culture, of violence199202, 209226, 327428, 437438Cyber-warfare190, 227, 229, 424Czech Republic231, 374Daesh‘Islamic State’)DetaineesPrisoners of war)Dannatt, Richard337Darendorf, Ralf249250Dayton Peace Treaty238251, 415, 428De Gaulle, Charles204Deontology52, 401Descartes, René151, 395‘Destruction of memory’306307‘Distinction / Discrimination’ (of targets)67, 335, 338, 422, 42426Doctrine, military215217, 333334, 336, 408, 419, 431, 442, 444DynCorp377, 380381Eastern Bloc34, 230East Timor260, 334Egypt205eln (Colombia)218219, 253Emirates304‘Enlightenment, The’190Equilibrium143, 195Estonia26, 229, 282283, 373‘Ethical Leadership’361‘Ethical Warfare’333361Ethos51, 71‘Warrior ethos’)Euripides57European Union6, 8, 24, 28, 205, 236, 238, 241, 245Brexit29Court of Human Rights240, 244, 351, 411412Evil153,167, 195Executioners140, 167FARC-EP (Colombia)218219, 252, 267‘Fighting spirit’Agos and ‘Warrior spirit’)438, 422Finland118Force multipliers287, 303305‘Forgiveness’Reconciliation)Fotion, Nicholas147France23, 204, 215, 237238Fukuyama, Francis1720G7 nations (economic strength)8Gadaffi, Muammar134Geneva Conventionsix, 35, 56, 132, 259, 273, 370Georgia9Germany23, 26, 130, 237Gibbon, Edward196197Global/Globalization2025, 144, 205, 207, 210, 388, 399401Global Strategic Trends192, 210, 228, 407, 443Migration Compact24Population210War on Terrorism (gwot)7, 183‘Glory’63Greece10, 4873City-states5356Grotius, Hugo12, 77,146,158, 176, 178God Almighty12, 140, 153, 302‘Good, The’40, 136, 144, 198, 229Hague Conventionsix, 59, 211, 288, 294, 296, 298299‘Hearts and minds’84, 361Hegel, Georg1819Helmand Province, Afghanistan327, 333, 346361Heidegger, Martin30, 234Herodotus51, 55, 5859Hobbes, Thomas134, 148, 177, 195, 366Homer51, 5455, 63, 196‘Honour’‘Warrior ethos’)6364, 217Howard, Michael188, 227, 442Hubris6, 49, 57, 70, 143, 146‘Human condition’195209Humanitarian Intervention96, 119‘Humanity’26, 67, 422Human RightsLaw of Human Rights)Human Rights Watch263, 270, 347, 354‘Humility’143Hungary24, 374Huntington, Samuel366, 368, 391Hussein, Saddam96, 115, 118, 124, 134, 342, 434Identity, soldier’sAgos and Honour)204, 392394, 404ied (Improvised explosive device)325326Ignatieff, Michael203204Ilyin, Ivan167‘Immunity, non-combatant’162, 335India137Inter-American Court of Human Rights259,261, 338Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change400Intermediate Non-Proliferation Treaty4, 9, 26InternationalCommission on Intervention and State Sovereignty90, 390Committee of the Red Cross (icrc)6364, 164, 188229, 299300, 319320, 329, 343, 413, 442Court of Justice103, 137, 159Criminal Court103,137, 159, 254, 261262, 272, 275, 298302Customary Law (Treaty)66Humanitarian LawLaw of Armed Conflict)Tribunals (jurisdiction)246, 260, 272, 275276Iran9IraqUnited Kingdom, and United States of America)ix, xi, xvii, 8, 27, 78, 84, 115, 152, 185, 187, 283, 287, 289292, 304, 333361, 376, 380, 424, 432434Ireland, Northernunder United Kingdom)isaf (Afghanistan)311361, 346361Islamic Court300302‘Islamic State’ (IS/ISIS/Daesh)145, 157, 207, 220, 283284, 293295, 302306, 424Jackson, Mike342, 434Janowitz, Morris370, 391392Jesus Christ173Jihad (compare ‘Crusades’)147, 157, 221, 295, 302Justice79Post-Warixxiv, 79, 148‘Just War Dependency’7795, 96127, 412‘Just War Theory’ixxiv, 11, 16, 28, 34, 53, 69, 7796, 96127, 128145, 146169, 382, 408, 411412, 427, 430, 436, 439, 442Kant, Immanuel11, 1617, 22, 29, 68, 128, 149150, 158, 365, 401‘Kingdom of God’181King, Martin Luther146King’s College, London414415, 442Kissinger, Henry20Korea9, 347Kosovo8, 231Kühn, Thomas148, 163, 184Kurds207Kuwait115, 304, 338Lacewing, Michael334336, 358Language3334, 150, 152Latvia26, 373Law ofArmed Conflict (loac)ixxii, 48, 53, 63, 6566, 6869, 73, 79, 132, 140, 164, 191, 193, 202, 208, 211229, 254, 258, 261, 269, 272273, 277, 319320, 336, 358,368, 411, 414, 416, 422, 427, 430, 434, 436, 441442Human Rights21, 154, 157, 164, 166167, 191, 193, 208, 227228, 254, 261, 277, 352, 411, 442‘Natural’178, 191, 196League of Nations12Levi, Primo305306Libyaxi, 9, 15, 27, 78, 96, 122, 214, 296, 415, 424‘Lieber Code’36, 38Lisbon Agreement236Lithuania26, 373Locke, John195‘Love’61, 174, 180183, 408Lucas, George375Macedonia, North231, 233Machiavelli, Niccolo128145, 374MacIntyre, Alasdair389McChrystal, Stanley311314, 321, 323, 328, 330331, 350McMahon, Jeff77, 108, 111113, 147, 176‘Malayan Emergency’187, 409Mali221, 294Marx, Karl6, 8, 18, 230Mechanistic-organic213Memorandum of Understanding (mou)349‘Metaphor’ (analogues)14, 158, 183184,189, 209, 337Mexico415Mill, J.S.385Middle East9, 25,27, 96, 220, 415, 424Migration, population6, 9, 2425, 209‘Militarism’146, 151152, 154155, 161, 163, 165, 169Montenegro231‘Mission Command’321, 324Montreux Document384Moore, G.E.150, 195, 198Moral Asymmetry370Covenant421Practices45Reasoning3435, 45Relativism425Responsibility120, 396‘Moral Compass’64, 217, 395, 404, 438Murdoch, Iris198199Myanmar (Burma)218‘Narrative, The’ (campaign)424426Nation-states (sovereign)2123, 25, 29, 202209, 243Imagined250Market206207, 215National Interests144145, 202209nato6, 8, 26, 28, 160, 185, 237, 289, 345, 350, 532Nazismxvi, 116, 373‘Necessity, military’3637, 43, 67, 73, 284, 287, 423Netherlands, The289291, 311332Nepal xi‘New World Order’4, 78, 10, 20, 338New York, 9/11 attack183, 338, 377, 410Nicaragua66Niebuhr, Reinhold180183, 203Nietzsche, Friedrich30Nigeria220, 222North Atlantic Cooperation Council4Northern IrelandUnited Kingdom)Nuremburg Tribunal184, 260, 319Objective-subjective39, 213Oman185, 408Ontology2223, 221224Orend, Brianixxiv, xxiii, 100, 103104, 110, 115, 122123, 255256, 383, 413, 434435, 441, 443Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe4‘Pacifism’ix, 153, 154155, 165, 169Pangloss, Dr (Voltaire)152, 190Paris Peace Accord138Papua New Guinea222Paramilitary Organizations362387‘Partnership for peace’5Pascal, Blaise198Patreus, David312, 314Paul, Saint140, 174Peloponnesian War55, 60Peter, Saint124Philippines215, 218Phronesis131, 142, 192Plato1819, 2932, 54, 79, 147, 157Poland24, 26Police Operations166, 177, 370, 391, 416417Popper, Karl17–18, 30, 32Population, World210Post war JusticeTransitional justice)ixxiv, 79, 402445‘Principles’Codes of conduct)53,419, 426427, 430, 436439, 444Private Military Companies362387Prisoners of Warxiv, 335, 342, 417, 433Abu Ghraib344, 380, 418Aitken Report345, 418, 433Baha Musa343, 346, 418, 433, 437Camp Breadbasket344Prohibited Weapons335, 358Project for New America Center7‘Proportional Force’335, 358, 423‘Prudence’147Punishment158159, 178180Putin, Vladimir10, 27Rawls, John84, 156, 208, 336, 440‘Realism’xixiii,155‘Reciprocity’42‘Reconciliation’105, 173187, 202, 377, 408410, 426431, 435‘Responsibility to Protect’90, 138, 390391, 399RestraintLaw of Armed Conflict)ix, xvxvii, 3638, 4950, 136137, 175, 180, 182, 188194, 199, 211229, 230251, 271278, 311332, 333361, 362387, 410440‘Retrofurism’189, 229Ridley, Matthew195, 207, 219Risk35, 196, 421, 425, 438Rodin, Davidxxiii,77, 91, 109, 111, 159160,176, 256, 272, 338, 355, 366, 410412, 445Romania231Rome152, 159160Statute of137, 261, 272, 278Rousseau, Jean-Jacques128Rules of Engagement (roe)323, 328, 336, 425‘Card A’336, 341Russell, Bertrand201Russia328, 16, 118, 122, 137, 162, 204, 230, 237238, 283Orthodox Church6, 295Rwandaxi, 177, 184, 260, 408Ryle, Gilbert148, 150Saudi Arabia376Scruton, Roger203, 227Searle, John199202, 205, 219Self-defence4143, 89, 167Self-determinationNation-state)15, 204Senegal220Serbiaxi, 231, 371373, 408Shakespeare, William226Shanghai Cooperation Agreement27Shue, Henry108109, 111, 391Sidgwick, Arthur3738, 40Sierra Leone260, 272, 334, 408, 429Singer, Peter274386Slovakia374Smith, Rupert187, 382Social-media7, 206Somalia9South Africa, Republic of260‘Spirit of the age’190, 201, 229Srebrenica323Sri Lanka218Stabilisationix, 39, 312332, 333361, 407436Strachan, Hew441‘Strategic corporal’417Subjective-objective3940‘Success, Reasonable Prospect for’359Sudanxi, 223Suleyman Shar, tomb292294Sun Tzu12Syriaxi, xvii, 89, 15, 27, 214, 283, 292294, 304, 424Tacitus78, 408‘Tactical patience’434435Tadros, Viktor4446Taliban281, 313314, 326328, 349Telos (endings)72‘Thought-experience’44Thucydides51, 5556, 58, 60Timbuktu296302‘Tolerant Society’3031Tolstoy, Leo143Training, military216217, 388406, 436440Transitional JusticePost-War Justice)252, 256268, 278279‘Troops in Contact’ (tic)327, 355‘Trauma Risk Management’418Trump, Donald6, 24, 27Trust179180, 225, 438Turkey292294, 304Terrorism417Ukraine9, 27, 116, 371, 373, 385United Kingdom23, 27, 215, 237238, 333361, 379, 407445Brexit27Iraq Inquiry (Chilcot)124, 207, 407, 412413, 419420, 424, 432434, 445Northern Ireland334, 343, 409, 416417, 429United Nations24, 159, 236, 371, 390391Charter5, 1314, 158, 168, 392Development Program269Human Development Report196Peacekeeping330, 391392Security Council1314, 141, 231, 237, 339, 434unesco298, 301, 305United State of America328, 131, 137, 148, 160, 204, 207, 215, 230, 237, 241, 283, 286287, 307, 311314, 321324, 331, 338, 350, 353, 380, 382, 384, 433434Presidential election6, 24‘Surge’ (Iraq)357‘Unlimited Liability’337Universal Declaration of Human Rights411412Uppsala Conflict Data Project257‘Utilitarianism’52Uruk289292Uruzgan Province, Afghanistan316332‘Victory’ (also Success)154, 412, 430‘Victors’ justice’ (compare Post-War Justice)92, 100, 105Vietnam160‘Violence-Force’199202, 205, 427429Virtues51, 53, 65, 129, 134137, 143, 195, 197Walzer, Michaelxvi, 3740, 77, 79, 93, 98, 101103, 105, 108111, 113, 119120, 126,139, 147, 152, 167, 256, 283, 329, 379380War crimes308‘Warrior Ethos’Agos and ‘Fighting spirit’)6165, 71, 196Warsaw Pact220, 230Weapons of Mass Destruction (wmd)7, 96, 162, 338, 435West, The510, 146, 148149, 152, 155, 173, 187, 196, 207, 295, 410, 427, 431Westphalia, Treaty of23, 158, 366Whetham, Davidxxvi, 339, 340, 344, 412414, 445‘Wicked problems’282Women, in conflict zones223, 416World Wars, One and Twoxii, xv, 1213, 165, 319Xenophon55Yemenxi, 9, 27Yugoslavia230251, 371Zimbabwe218

Jus Post Bellum

Restraint, Stabilisation and Peace

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