Chapter 20 The Indo-European Feminine, the Neuter, and the Diagnostic Value of the τὰ ζῷα τρέχει rule in Greek and Anatolian

In: Hrozný and Hittite

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The “τὰ ζῷα τρέχει rule”, found in Anatolian, Indo-Iranian, and Greek, linking a so-called neuter “plural” subject with a singular verb, has recently been challenged as having no diagnostic value for noun-verb concord and thus for the grammatical number of the forms in *-h2 conventionally termed neuter “plurals”, and consequently for the association of the “feminine” with the “neuter” category. This study attempts to reinstate the rule and to reestablish its significance for the ongoing debate regarding the origin of the feminine gender in Indo-European by identifying the apparent view of these forms in *-h2 and its reflexes on the part of speakers of the early IE languages in which the rule is found.

Hrozný and Hittite

The First Hundred Years



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