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IndexAdalbert, St.36Adalbertus Ranconis de Ericinio.Vojtěch Raňkův of JežovAdamites20710, 213Adso of Montier-en-Der188, 188n4Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini.Pius ii, PopeAgricola, Johannes426n81Albert the Great279Albrecht ii of Habsburg141Albrecht, King229Alexander of Hales72Ambrose, St.86, 268Amos, Brother386Anabaptism417, 417n49, 423Andreae, Johannes36Anglicanism356Anglicus, Peter.Payne, PeterAnselm of Canterbury, Archbishop66, 76Antichrist: and the Apocalypse82, 148, 166, 1908, 202, 206, 211, 273and Christ48, 169, 189, 275, 321, 387Church of the79, 116, 160, 170, 172, 18991, 194, 286, 3789, 4089, 413, 430and the early Bohemian reform39, 48, 63, 103, 189, 271and heresy84, 86and the interpretation of Scripture311, 320Jakoubek of Stříbro on68, 116, 190, 194, 1978, 2734, 322Jan Milíč on64, 188Matěj of Janov on189, 192, 275Mikuláš Biskupec on165, 175, 197Petr Chelčický on165, 166, 16970, 211Pope as68, 79, 116, 160, 4089, 413, 423, 426, 430and sacraments377and sin2746, 286and violence48, 1889, 1912, 194, 1979, 202, 211, 274Wyclif on188, 190anticlericalism31, 45, 723, 756, 789, 889, 11213, 123, 199, 21920, 262, 267, 281, 284, 299, 30810, 3224, 332, 41819apocalypticism and chiliasm: biblical prophecies148, 191, 194, 198201, 2034, 311, 3212, 321n72commentaries on82, 83n57, 126, 31012, 315, 319of early Hussites187212Final Judgement148, 187, 1978, 202, 205, 305, 332, 404, 409history86, 192, 1958, 202, 2046imagery187, 188n4, 190, 200, 3778as impetus for reform1879, 1934, 201, 307in scholarship175, 21213of Jakoubek of Stříbro322and martyrs196of Mikuláš Biskupec175, 190, 1947, 199n49, 211, 273n56and Protestantism404, 408and the primitive church197, 286, 3312n2Second Coming202, 205, 208of the Taborites207, 209, 211tracts on157, 191, 21112Apostle’s Creed346Apostolic succession155, 2425, 355, 3789, 3834, 413Aquinas, Thomas76, 81, 88, 165, 279Aristotle65, 67, 74, 76, 104Arnošt of Pardubice, Archbishop27, 315, 52, 63, 219Art.iconography/imageryArundel, Thomas, Archbishop72Augusta, Jan, Bishop393, 419Augustine of Hippo66, 734, 76, 789, 83, 86, 150, 2689, 277Augustinians35, 445, 63, 150, 152, 155, 299Averroes76Avicenna76Bacon, Roger76Bale, John424n75Battle of Lipany (1434)89Battle of White Mountain (1620)375Barak199Barbara, Queen229Bartoš, Písař412, 412n35Basel Compactata.CompactataBavarian university nation297Bechyňka, Jan338Bede196, 197n41Beghards207n78, 376Beguines45, 66, 73, 277, 317, 376Benedictines30, 36, 341, 375benefices33, 40, 51, 115, 156, 2367, 337Bernhard of Luxembourg427Berthold of Regensburg38, 331n2Bethlehem Chapel5, 28, 401, 49, 53, 11113, 121, 156, 224, 297, 315, 3389n26Bible.ScriptureBiceps, Mikuláš47, 106, 106n25Blackfriars68, 71Black Rose (U černé růže)262Bohemian Confession (1575)4289, 428n91Bohemian Land Diet (1444)153Bohemian university nation41, 634, 116, 297Boniface ix, Pope123Bracciolini, Poggio407, 407n16Bradwardine, Thomas, Archbishop789Bridget of Sweden37, 52, 3223n73Brikcí of Žatec11920Brothers of Boleslav.Unity of BrethrenBrunfels, Otto4089, 408n19Buridan, John36, 77Cahera, Havel41214Calixtines3Calvin, Jean, and Calvinism356, 403, 423Čapek, Jan3046, 349, 349n69Capistrano, John153catechism8, 34, 299, 3012, 305, 307, 318, 390, 415Catholic Church: authority and administration of159, 220n8, 225, 231, 236, 243and Compactata1412, 1447, 1602, 172, 241on confession157on Czech vernacular314, 322, 344and the early Bohemian reform28, 43on frequent communion354and heresy266, 270, 344and Hus80, 110, 2223and the laity235, 237, 336on the lay chalice122, 1535, 277, 280, 303and print238, 4202Reformation and Counter Reformation34, 7, 4036, 40911, 413, 423, 4289and the Taborites125, 165, 310and the Unity of Brethren168, 324, 375and the Utraquists1445, 14950, 163, 166, 171, 22930, 318, 338, 3556, 356n81, 377, 416, 4202Čeněk of Vartemberk315Chalcidius66Chalice2, 4, 171, 193, 2778, 356Charles iv, Emperor38, 40, 63, 340Charles V, Emperor219, 299, 425Charles of Luxembourg29Charles University.University of PragueCharlier, Giles164Cheb Judge159, 161, 163, 165, 26970, 379, 387Chelčický, Petr126anticlericalism3234in historiography13, 173, 175, 325, 358on the Pikarts210and the Unity of Brethren156, 170, 211, 239, 377, 37980, 386, 3924on violence167, 170, 285, 377, 37980works16670, 31213, 31516Christ: and the Antichrist48, 169, 189, 275, 321, 387Blood of120, 279, 303, 354Body of74, 78, 80, 189, 193, 305, 31314, 415as bridegroom of the Church74, 78juxtaposition to the pope79, 113Laws of845, 190, 2646, 26970, 274, 278, 282, 323, 375, 3878legislator and ruler83, 206, 311life and Passion74, 2668, 275, 319, 417real presence1589, 1645, 1678, 207, 278, 287, 305sacraments126, 156, 27880Trinity265Christology64, 157, 199Chrysostom, John270, 277, 300Church Fathers35, 40, 42, 47, 84, 103, 143, 155, 163, 1657, 191, 192n19, 1967, 282n95, 333Church: of the Antichrist79, 116, 160, 170, 18991, 194, 378, 4089, 413, 430Christ as head78, 190heavenly and eternal192n19, 193militant47, 78, 269organological model189, 378Cistercians27, 34, 35, 45, 105Clarificator, Petrus35Clement vi, Pope29, 340Clement vii, Pope46clergy;anticlericalismadministration144, 220n8, 2312, 2423, 390and civil dominion889, 282clerical emigration225, 238and clerical reform30, 324, 389laity72, 3323, 3456offices of the336, 350, 355rivalry with friars44secular clergy and rule401, 49, 116, 1634, 236, 241, 282, 355sermons addressed to150, 1523simony32, 43, 64, 72, 105, 11213, 123, 171, 236, 2745, 285, 351and universities2256, 347usury43, 149, 151, 285Utraquist22730, 2335, 350and the vernacular41, 3034Cochlaeus, Johannes42022, 420n64, 421n65, 421n66Comenius.Komenský, Jan Amos, BishopCommunion.EucharistCommunism130, 325, 374, 3945Compactata of Basel2, 8, 141, 153, 220, 239, 266, 269, 2824, 380, 420, 421, 428cancellation of6, 382Catholic Church and6, 142, 147, 241confirmation and legislation of144, 231, 235and Ferdinand I420, 420n64, 428interpretation of151, 15961, 172negotiations5, 6, 156, 171, 229, 244responses to145, 151, 223Utraquists and3, 6, 1467, 150, 222, 225, 2401, 387Constantinople9, 128, 153, 244Council of Basel1, 5, 89, 141, 210attendees15, 191, 229, 244and the Compacta and Four Articles of Prague266, 269, 2824decrees of230Hussite delegation to86, 1257, 1503, 155, 158, 163, 171, 196, 276, 3523Payne and Wyclif889, 128, 164responses to423, 430Council of Constance12, 8, 124, 240attendees105, 1078, 117, 123, 267, 241decrees of4, 121, 123, 3056in historiography11, 130and Hus81, 87, 11016, 119, 264, 280, 3024Hus as martyr421, 426and Jerome of Prague67responses to122, 321, 338, 407, 423on Wyclif4, 678, 71, 78, 107Council of Pisa68Council of Trent423Council of Vienne29Counter-Reformation49Cranmer, Thomas356Creation65, 69, 265Credo111, 339, 343, 353Crespin, Jean424Ctibor Tovačovský of Cimburk146Cyprian, St.277, 304Czechoslovakia26, 213, 245, 395Czech university nation.Bohemian university nationCzech vernacular: in historiography11, 3246Hus’s preaching5, 2978, 302, 3067, 310, 316, 318, 323Jakoubek of Stříbro’s preaching122, 165, 30215, 325, 341Jan Příbram’s preaching31823and the laity9, 37, 211, 3002literature145liturgy42, 275, 299, 301, 30418, 3345, 336, 33943, 3456, 353and Petr Chelčický’s writings3234sermons at Bethlehem Chapel5, 11112, 297, 302, 315Tomáš Štítný’s theology102n7, 168, 332translation278, 154, 262Unity of Brethren3556vernacularization298, 379Dalimil chronicle298Debora199Decalogue74, 109, 111, 115, 411Denys ii, abbot36Devotio moderna34, 35n25, 39, 52, 103n9Diet of Augsburg (1530)425Diet of Bohemia (1435)152Diet of Čáslav (1421)225Diet of Worms (1521)412, 421, 425Dietrichstien Library173Dionysius the Areopagite40Ps.-Dionysius278, 353Długosz, Jan242Dominicans38, 44, 47, 501, 71, 1001, 106, 299Donation of Constantine723, 789, 145, 169, 323n75Donatus, Aelius78Dresden school128, 262Ebendorfer, Thomas211ecclesiastical law.lawecclesiology: Dionysian40of Hus14, 110, 113of Jakoubek of Stříbro310of Jan Milíč46of Matěj of Janov48, 319of the Polish Church50Protestant406, 41516, 420, 4289of Šimon of Tišnov118of Stanislav of Znojmo68, 107, 110of Štěpán of Páleč1078of the Unity of Brethren375, 378, 383Utraquist7, 145, 151, 210, 378, 431of Vojtěch Raňkův46, 66of Wyclif64, 68, 113, 240n71Eck, Johannes407n13Eliáš of Chřenovice383Emmaus monastery238, 3401, 381, 392England: communication with12, 36, 129, 308English masters36, 87, 127, 147, 164, 227, 244, 382English nobility310and Protestantism4234Erasmus of Rotterdam376eschatology: and apocalypticism187, 194, 1967, 199heavenly and eternal Church192n19, 193of Hus191of Jakoubek of Stříbro116, 158, 192Protestant404, 430renewed Church378of the Taborites172, 2023, 320of the Unity of Brethren166, 169, 171, 389Eucharist;Utraquism4Blood of Christ120, 279, 303, 354Body of Christ74, 78, 80, 189, 193, 305, 31314, 415and the Unity of Brethren355, 376Church councils on2, 9, 85, 130, 153consubstantiation107frequent communion2, 42n41, 478, 50, 54, 1035, 105n19, 116n56, 119, 171, 1923, 265, 272, 277, 279, 3323, 3446, 354, 3567in historiography130, 356, 358Hus on112, 119Jakoubek of Stříbro on116, 116n56, 303, 3067Jan Milíč on3312, 345Jan Příbram on1478, 164Jerome of Prague on114liturgy of343, 349, 351, 379Mass of St Peter349, 351, 353Matěj of Janov on27, 48, 119Mikuláš Biskupec on126, 1645Petr Chelčický on1668, 312and Pikartism354, 376real presence1589, 1645, 1678, 207, 278, 287, 305remanence64, 68, 104, 107, 117, 156, 1678, 224, 287, 312Stanislav of Znojmo on105, 107sub utraque23, 50, 11618, 1201, 123, 151, 1535, 227, 239, 303, 305, 314, 334, 346, 350, 355and the Taborites312, 31819, 348, 3534transubstantiation4, 68, 72, 312, 354, 376, 379, 421Wyclif on64, 68, 79, 105Eugene iv, Pope244Fabri, Johannes, Bishop4202, 429Faulfiš, Mikuláš87Feasts: calendar335, 3378Jan Hus413St Wenceslas225the Visitation54Ferdinand I, Emperor387, 41617, 41822, 428Filip of Padeřov315Filippo de Villanuova, Bishop233, 244Fitzralph, Richard, Archbishop36, 66, 889Flacius Illyricus, Matthias424n75, 4267Forty-five Articles68, 7173, 106, 110Four Articles of Prague6, 89, 115, 118, 141, 203, 222, 264, 269, 282, 382, 4078Foxe, John424, 424n75France27, 36, 424Franciscans42, 155, 375Gallus.HavlíkGallicanism224George of Brandenburg-Ansbach418George of Poděbrady: on clerical poverty146and the conquest of Prague (1448)143, 152, 156, 230, 232and Jan Rokycana155, 230, 381and Jindřich the Elder242as King of Bohemia6, 142, 144, 235, 381and Tábor144and the Unity of Brethren3812, 384George of Saxony420Germany: Czech-German antagonism26, 117, 3245, 412German language278, 38, 207n78, 298, 357, 3756, 386, 407, 415, 4178German masters4, 53, 71, 109, 117, 262, 297German university nations64, 68, 128German Waldensians8, 11, 31, 3789, 383preaching benefices51Reformation406, 40810, 413, 416, 419, 419n58, 423, 425Gerson, Jean8, 15, 50, 70, 1223, 2678, 308n29Glagolitic3401Golden Legend (Jacobus de Voragine)158Grace478, 64, 76, 845, 243, 2789, 284, 319Great Schism1, 36, 46, 48, 54, 68, 189, 384Gregory xi, Pope71Gregory xii, Pope68Gregory the Great, Pope80, 86, 268Grosseteste, Robert36, 76Grote, Geert35Havlík (Gallus)119, 1212, 128Heinrich of Bitterfeld38, 47, 50, 102, 105, 332Heinrich Totting of Oyta26, 66, 104Henry of Ghent88heresy: accusations of104, 114, 149, 156, 224, 241, 266, 406and the Adamites210apocalyptic history of196and books734, 109, 407Catalogue of All Heretics410, 427and Church councils5, 701, 2424, 267and the early Bohemian reform2and Hus734, 109Hussitism as4, 211, 262, 270, 285, 409Pikartism as207, 209, 376, 411predestination as heretical doctrine221and the Reformation406, 40910, 4202, 427suppression of31Taborite movement as2089, 211, 314and the Unity of Brethren3756, 382, 384, 421and the vernacular314, 317, 321, 344Waldensianism as44, 284and Wyclif5, 76, 84, 102, 1067, 149Hilarius of Litoměřice (Litoměřický), Archbishop154, 1603, 243, 314Hildessen, Johannes122Hoffmann, Johannes iv, Bishop243Hübner, Johannes71, 106Hugh of Saint-Cher36, 198n47Hugh of Saint-Victor72, 88Hungary6, 35Hus, Jan: apocalypticism of189as authority127, 149, 16770, 191, 276, 288at Bethlehem Chapel28, 41, 49, 11112, 115, 297, 302as central figure of reform13, 224, 322at Constance81, 87, 111, 11314, 122, 280, 3034disputations at Prague68, 71, 734, 77, 283and the early Bohemian reform25, 49, 102ecclesiology/ De ecclesia77, 7980, 110, 113, 2223, 272exile (1412)82, 113in historiography10, 15, 25, 53, 63n1, 8990, 1012and Jakoubek of Stříbro2, 11415, 155, 165, 307and Jan Milíč103and Jerome of Prague4and the laity112, 344on the Law of Christ103, 264, 270letters of158, 280as martyr143, 274, 315, 321, 338, 338n26, 413, 4225and Matěj of Janov265opposition from Prague masters10710, 11718and the Reformation40310, 421on realist philosophy34sermons of11112, 302students of116on Utraquism3, 11921, 27980and the vernacular5, 2978, 302, 3067, 310, 316, 318, 323and Wyclif4, 77, 85, 1067, 223, 3067Húska, Martin205, 2079Hussites: in Europe78apocalypticism of187212authorities261at Basel8, 88, 125, 153, 158, 229, 240Bethlehem Chapel115Cheb Judge161, 387chroniclers of10, 145on clerical poverty146Compactata and the Four Articles of Prague160, 222, 241, 282, 285on confession157conservative Hussite theologians144, 146, 1501, 155, 284defense of Wyclif64, 89and the early Bohemian reform105and the Eastern Church153, 280in historiography1014, 26, 501, 12931, 1725, 212, 237, 2467, 2569, 263, 2867, 299, 3246, 42931on iconography347n62influence on the Unity of Brethren372, 374, 377, 37982, 3848, 393and Jakoubek of Stříbro147, 155, 308on the Law of Christ104, 172, 269, 286on the lay chalice2778, 283, 355nomenclature of15, 374opposition to118and the papacy240on prosecuting others156radicals;Taborites1256, 159, 163, 166, 172, 20212, 312, 340, 346, 376and the Reformation40318, 4212Hussite Revolution9, 376, 380on saints281, 303and Sigismund5on sin285and Tábor1268, 146, 269and Utraquism;Utraquism2, 50, 11922, 221and the vernacular45, 145, 275, 2979, 305, 31224and the Waldensians262, 379Hussite wars220and Hussite clergy228, 232and radical ideology1245Compactata1412, 145, 161, 172crusading8first war124in historiography245Kutná Hora peace6, 153second war6hymnody238, 334, 3424, 355, 3589, 417Hynce Ptáček of Pirkštejn144iconography/ imagery: apocalyptic187, 188n4, 190, 200, 3778at Basel128of the cross77in historiography10, 1314and Hus15Hussite art and position on4, 118, 351iconoclasm10, 103, 347n62and Jakoubek of Stříbro2789in preaching42of the primitive church194, 204, 211sensory perception of278Utraquists on346veneration of48, 845, 151, 281, 379visual propaganda430and Wyclif87imitatio Christi9, 43, 88, 148, 192, 195, 201, 2668, 3001, 319, 322, 377Indulgences8, 37, 39, 48, 54, 107, 110, 113,145, 151, 224, 285, 297, 302, 309Innocent iii, Pope85, 168Innocent iv, Pope32, 340Innocent vi, Pope32Inquisition31, 48, 208, 219, 285, 348, 376, 410Jakoubek of Stříbro: on the Adamites210on the Antichrist68, 116, 190, 194, 1978, 2734, 322apocalypticism of322at Bethlehem Chapel5in the Catalogue of All Heretics410, 427as central Hussite figure115, 147, 149, 158, 170, 277, 377on communion2, 11517, 1201, 165, 171, 193, 27780, 3023, 333, 341on confession165, 168defense of Wyclif68, 745, 115, 119, 266, 281ecclesiology of2725, 2823, 286on exegesis157, 165, 192, 201, 201n60, 2689, 31920, 333and Gerson2678in historiography90, 11415, 130, 357on infant communion121influence of Matěj of Janov50, 116n56, 119, 18990, 192, 2623, 266, 276, 281on the Law of Christ267, 270, 2767and the Taborites125, 146, 156, 321n72, 354and the Utraquists127, 152, 155, 192, 2278, 302and the vernacular122, 165, 30215, 325, 341on war124Jagellonian period172, 235, 246, 380, 388Jan of Chlum122Jan iv of Dražice, Bishop29, 35, 40Jan Eliášův of Horšovský Týn110Jan of Holešov36Jan of Hradec120Jan of Jenštejn, Archbishop289, 323, 356, 38, 447, 49, 52, 332Jan of Jesenice110, 116, 119, 123, 280Jan of Jičín74, 76, 205Jan Milíč of Kroměříž: accusation of heresy2on the Antichrist64, 188anticlericalism of272authority for the Hussite movement13, 66, 103, 300, 393circulation of texts50on devotion28on frequent communion47, 192, 3312in historiography28, 53, 103n9Jerusalem445, 345and Pope Urban V39, 46as precursor of the Hussites13, 25, 102, 261in print320, 427sermons of27, 3940, 42, 79, 103n10, 300Vita52and women445, 478, 3456Jan Němec of Žatec167Jan Očko of Vlašim, Archbishop32, 39, 45Jan Papoušek of Soběslav159Jan of Pomuk49Jan Táborský of Klokotská Hora341Jean de Roque123Jenek Václavův of Prague104Jerome of Prague: in the Catalogue of All Heretics410, 427disputation109in historiography901, 130and the laity284, 2978as martyr143, 274, 338, 338n26, 407, 427at Paris70at the University of Prague114and the Reformation413, 422, 423, 425and Wyclif4, 67, 75, 114Jerome, St.268, 301Jesuits52, 428Jindřichův, Mikuláš230Jindřich the Elder of Poděbrady242Jiří of Kněhnice87Jistebnický kancionál305, 335, 3403, 346, 3589Johana of Rožmitál162Johann of Mühlheim40Johannes Andreae36Johannes of Dambach101Johannes of Marienwerder104John of Capistrano153John of God85John (Quidort) of Paris193John Stojković of Ragusa153, 210Jošt of Rožmberk, Bishop162Kániš, Petr209Kardinál, Jan2278Kateřina of Sulevice45Komenský, Jan Amos, Bishop371, 395Konrad of Ebrach105Konrad of Gelnhausen46Konrad of Soltau104Konrad of Vechta, Archbishop220, 2258, 241Konrad of Waldhausen.Waldhauser, KonradKonstantinos Anglikos128, 244Koranda the Elder, Václav200, 205, 348Koranda the Younger, Václav1612, 175, 233, 239, 314, 340, 373Korybut, Sigismund225, 2278Krajčí, Brother Řehoř156, 371n2, 3812, 3856, 389, 3912Krasonický, Vavřinec373, 385Křišťan of Prachatice124, 156, 230, 348Křižanovský, Václav154Kubík of Štěkeň386Kuneš of Třebovle39Kutná Hora4, 6, 68, 109, 116, 144, 153, 230, 234, 241, 247, 325, 336, 338, 338n26, 343, 386, 386n41, 416Ladislas Posthumous141, 235laity: and books300, 334, 344, 346in church administration237, 239and the clergy43, 72, 2337, 239devotion9, 48, 105n19, 245, 3224and ecclesiastical power54education of227, 299estates45fasting33and frequent communion2, 47, 103, 193, 272, 332and Hus79, 112instruction36, 38, 112, 162, 299, 308, 314, 318, 322in Moravia385and preaching3940, 64, 262, 2834, 348, 381and the primitive church50secular defensors of the Estates233and Stanislav of Znojmo81Tomáš Štítný102n7, 168and the Unity of Brethren3746, 386and the University of Prague1and Utraquism222, 232, 313, 315, 355, 161, 228, 2313and Wyclif74, 86and vernacular theology16970, 211, 285, 299, 301, 304, 31517, 346Land Diets153, 158, 230, 378Łaskarz, Andrzej, Bishop123Lateran iv Council (1415)2, 28, 40, 79Law313, 40, 45, 48, 81, 108, 110, 11718, 151, 224, 233n48, 237, 284, 372, 416Law of Christ/ God (Lex divina/ Christi/ evangelica): and the Antichrist169, 188, 1901, 276and the clergy73, 275, 378enforcement of377, 3801Four Articles of Prague282and Gospel law835and human law80, 84, 169, 281, 309lex privata283primacy of104, 113, 150, 162, 168, 274, 286, 3745, 3889restoration of411as a rule of living9, 1702, 200, 203, 26470, 273, 2778, 300, 303, 308, 351, 375, 387as universal66Ležka, Jan373literacy10, 3012Lithuania375Louis of Bavaria29Luciani, Agostino, Bishop244Lukáš of Prague, Bishop338n45, 373, 375, 385, 3923, 392n55, 395, 41415, 417Lupáč, Martin, Bishop15861, 1745, 226, 229, 3789, 383Luther, Martin14, 174, 221, 376, 393, 405, 418, 423, 425, 427, 430in early print376, 4089, 41213, 425n80, 4257eschatology of430and frequent communion356in historiography15, 174and Hus4067, 41011, 425Ninety-five Theses405Second Reformation403and the Unity of Brethren393, 41112and the Utraquists221, 41011, 41415, 41819, 428Lutherans3, 7, 244, 337, 3456, 355, 371, 404n3, 411, 41921, 4234, 424n75, 428Malogranatum27, 345, 47, 52Manichaeism409marriage44, 168, 354, 374, 391Marsilius of Inghen48Martin V, Pope5, 306martyrs: and apocalypticism196German427n86Hus and Jerome of Prague114, 2734, 306, 315, 338, 338n26, 407, 409of Kutná Hora338martyrologies404n5, 4247and Protestantism404, 411, 424n75, 4245and Unity of Brethren384, 419Mary I, Queen423Matěj of Janov: on the Antichrist189, 192, 275ecclesiology of157, 267, 300, 319on the Eucharist27, 489, 103, 119, 192, 277, 3323in historiography54, 357as Hussite authority4950, 75, 116, 152, 155, 158, 193n22, 261, 263, 266, 273, 2756, 278, 281, 283, 307, 316, 381, 389, 393and Inquisition489on the Law of Christ2656, 269, 2712as precursor of Hus1, 25, 1023, 261, 320in print409, 427Regulae Veteris et Novi Testamenti27, 54, 66, 103, 109, 116, 189, 265, 300and Wyclif79, 286Matěj of Knín109, 114Matěj of Kunvald, Bishop383, 385Matouš, Brother383Matouš of Zbraslav105Matthew of Cracow27, 37, 47, 50, 523, 102, 1045, 332Matthew of Legnica53Matthias Corvinus6, 386Maximilian ii, Emperor428Melanchthon, Philip419Michael of Žamberk384Mikuláš Biskupec of Pelhřimov, Bishop:263on the Adamites210on the Antichrist165, 175, 197on the apocalypse175, 190, 1947, 199n49, 211, 273n56and Bernard of Luxembourg410and Jan Rokycana153and Petr Chelčický1678, 312, 314and Protestantism404, 4089, 413, 426as Taborite leader126, 205, 269, 281, 379works of1267,1647, 3524and Wyclif82, 264, 2645n17, 270Mikuláš of Vlásenice374Moravia23, 289, 67, 107, 118, 1412, 146, 158, 161, 173, 209, 234, 317, 336, 385, 396, 411, 41617Moravian Brethren371, 3756, 380, 382, 386, 395music238, 337, 33944, 346, 3569, 395Neoplatonism65, 278Netter, Thomas71Nicholas of Cusa, Cardinal8, 159, 283Nicholas of Dinkelsbühl1223Nicholas of Dresden: Apologia122disputations at Prague119and the Dresden school128, 262in historiography13and Hus283influence on Jakoubek of Stříbro116, 121, 263, 269and the law of Christ270, 276and Matěj of Janov4950and Mikuláš Biskupec127Tabulae veteris et novi coloris194, 275and Utraquism120, 277, 283, 303, 357, 357n89on violence124and Waldensianism127Nicholas of Lyra83Nicolaus Magni of Jawór38nobility: and the Compactata145defense of Hus4078Hussites67, 224, 302, 308, 310, 380and the monarchy298, 308in Moravia142and Petr Chelčický169in Prague5, 64, 143secular defensors of the Estates233Tomáš Štítný299and the Unity of Brethren382, 393, 41718and the University of Prague297, 311and the Utraquists224, 315Wyclif on the86, 310Ockham, William77Office of Spiritual Law228, 230Ondřej of Brod28, 110, 117, 11921, 210, 280, 303, 333Origen83Orthodox Church9, 153, 244, 280orthodoxy28, 445, 47, 68, 78, 87, 107, 113, 1489, 199, 211, 227, 407, 414, 414n41, 418, 421Páleč, Štěpán13, 65, 67, 713, 7980, 91, 107, 110, 120, 122, 285, 303Palomar, Juan88, 126, 128, 1501, 164, 210papacy: and the Antichrist160, 4089, 423, 430appointments by33, 155in Bohemia167, 219commands and decrees of81, 352and the Compactata8, 161and Hus108, 302and Jakoubek of Stříbro308, 310and Jan Milíč46papal monarchy78and Protestantism404, 406, 418, 422and Šimon of Tišnov118and the Utraquists223, 240, 420and Wyclif64, 68, 712, 110papal bulls71, 160papal curia113, 116, 142, 239, 241, 243, 405pastoral care1, 28, 312, 367, 389, 47, 52, 158, 192, 3312, 390Pater noster111patronage233, 235, 344Paul ii, Pope6Pavel of Janovice32, 38Payne, Peter: at Basel889, 128, 164, 284in the Catalogue of All Heretics410, 427as diplomat87, 89, 1278, 163disputations at Prague119, 121, 1479, 164at Emmaus monastery381in historiography90, 174, 244and Jan Rokycana156on oaths128on Utraquism227and Wyclif823, 87, 261, 263Pecham, John, Archbishop79penitence34, 85, 114, 353Peter of Pulkau121Peter of Zittau34Petr of Mladoňovice423Petr of Uničov120Petr Záhorka of Záhorčí166Petr Zmrzlík of Svojšín202, 315Petr of Znojmo110Philibert de Montjeu, Bishop229, 241Pierre ďAilly121Pikarts: on the Eucharist354prosecution of226split from Tábor3, 20710, 207n78and the Unity of Brethren376, 378, 384, 411and Václav Konranda162and the Waldensians1701pilgrimage48, 143, 145, 198200, 272, 338, 34752Piotr Wysz of Radolin, Bishop105Pius ii, Pope6, 126, 144, 161, 211, 240Plato65, 66, 103, 109, 114, 150Polák, Michal318, 338, 392Poland7, 1112, 28, 35, 50, 108, 123, 375, 395Prague: administration of5, 31, 1423, 2259, 234, 237, 414as archbishopric29, 32, 160, 21920, 242, 314burghers of5, 143, 144, 297, 302, 337, 344as center for reform30, 378, 143as center for Utraquism6, 1423, 239, 2434, 382, 384, 41213, 412n35as center of Holy Roman Empire1, 171Compactata and the Four Articles of Prague21920, 229conquest of (1448)144, 156, 232Hus’s exile from (1412)82, 113, 302Jan Příbram’s exile from (1427–36)125New Town115, 124, 128, 150, 224, 229, 340, 3812nobility of31, 34, 224Old Town30, 401, 42n41, 44, 115, 1467, 224, 2334, 381parishes of30, 37, 122, 338, 355, 355n81riots in (1480s)227social conditions in45statutes of27and Tábor200, 203Přeloučský, Tůma383, 396Příbram, Jan: at Basel126, 151and Petr Chelčický170and Peter Payne125, 1479, 164on the Eucharist125, 164, 171in historiography90, 130, 1734opposition to the Taborites82, 14750, 204, 207, 230, 2846, 31923in print421and the Utraquists125, 1434, 146, 152, 227, 230, 318, 351on war124and Wyclif125, 128, 149Život kněží táborských126, 1489, 174, 319primitive church: and the Antichrist1945, 2745and apocalypticism197, 286, 3312n2and apostolic succession258, 270comparison with the Roman Church40, 171, 3789and the laity50and Matěj of Janov2717and Mikuláš Biskupec82, 127, 164, 1945and Nicholas of Dresden127, 194, 275and Scripture269, 274and the Taborites206and the Unity of Brethren9, 383, 388and the Utraquists155, 157, 223, 239and the Waldensians384Prokop of Jindřichův Hradec392n55Prokop of Kladruby76Prokop of Plzeň: at Basel1501defense of Wyclif76, 109, 150De ideis74, 76in historiography174on the lay chalice119sermons of151and the Utraquists143, 152, 227, 230purgatory83, 145, 151, 157, 165, 1689, 379, 203, 351puritanism155, 169, 208, 347Rabus, Ludwig424Raymond of Capua51Reinhardt, Martin408Reinlein, Oswald210Roh, Jan414, 418Rohan209Rokycana, Jan, Archbishop: at Basel266, 276biblical commentaries of154, 1579in the Catalogue of All Heretics410and coup of 1427143on the cult of saints281on the Eucharist1535in historiography90, 1735, 263, 421at Hradec Králové143, 230on the interpretation of Scripture268on the Law of Christ267opposition to146at the University of Prague127, 144, 243and the Roman Church161at the St Jacob Synod (1434)339, 342n45and the Taborites823, 86, 126, 1523, 164, 1689, 284, 352and the Unity of Brethren371n2, 373, 3778, 3814, 393and the Utraquists127, 1556, 158, 172, 2269, 2323, 241, 315vernacular writings of31618, 325Rolle, Richard36Roman Church.Catholic ChurchRoudnice356, 209, 225, 299, 342Rvačka, Mařík123saints: Hus as saint338, 4089Jakoubek of Stříbro, attitude towards2724, 281Matěj of Janov, attitude towards103, 271, 281, 300sermons on1501, 154, 1589Taborite attitudes toward83Unity of Brethren, attitude towards379, 419University of Prague, debates surrounding145, 348Utraquists, attitude towards143, 1545, 157, 165, 337, 351, 355Scotus, Johns Duns76Scripture: biblical prophecies148, 191, 194, 198201, 2034, 311, 3212, 321n72and Church councils122in the Czech vernacular146, 2389, 299301, 304, 308n29, 313, 315, 334, 339, 341, 3501n72in the early Bohemian reform37, 40, 48, 1034, 272, 333in early print238and Hus77, 112, 264and Matěj of Janov66, 270, 272, 316and Mikuláš Biskupec826, 83n57, 166, 270, 28183, 166and Petr Chelčický170, 313, 324, 377and the Taborites126, 1647, 207, 234, 31011, 3212and the Unity of Brethren3756, 37980, 387, 418university commentaries120and the Utraquists88, 1423, 148, 151, 1545, 15960, 162, 223, 26770, 277, 311, 316, 318, 319, 355and Wyclif645, 72, 83, 270Seneca76Sentences of Peter Lombard77, 104, 112Sigismund of Luxembourg, Emperor5, 13, 141, 143, 171, 200, 22930Silesia40, 50, 53, 123, 297, 375, 383Simon Fidati of Cascia36Šimon of Tišnov745, 109, 118Speratus, Paul414Stanislav of Znojmo67, 111and the condemnation of Hus723, 7980in historiography91synodal sermons of39, 75and Wyclif65, 6871, 81, 87, 1057, 110Štěkna, Jan25, 105Štěpán of Dolany118Štěpán of Kolín39, 53, 105Štěpán of Roudnice35, 42Štítný, Tomáš267, 168, 299, 301, 332Synods: diocesan30, 323, 38, 47Earthquake Synod, Blackfriars (1382)71in historiography52, 173, 246, 356, 422at Klatovy (1424)352at Kutná Hora (1441–1444)153, 230of Prague (1408) 342, (1421) 336, (1524)41314and the University of Prague110, 219, 224of St Jacob (1434)234, 339of St James’s Day (1434)336of St Prokop (1421)2267, 234of St Wenceslas (1418)348of Tábor (1430)126, 234and the Unity of Brethren372, 385, 390and the Utraquists222, 22830, 2345, 237, 413, 419n58Taborites: and the Adamites20710, 213at Basel127Brandýs decree385chiliasm of1956, 2035, 207, 209, 211Chronicon Taboritarum82and the Compacta and Four Articles of Prague150, 153, 223, 269, 282, 2856, 377Confessio Taboritarum823, 164, 281, 3524disputations1268, 202, 3524eschatology of172, 2023, 320on the Eucharist64, 167, 172, 275, 312, 31819, 348, 3534and Filip of Padeřov315in historiography130, 167, 173, 213, 246, 3568and Húska207in the Hussite wars347on the interpretation of Scripture126, 1647, 199, 2056, 31011, 3212and Jakoubek of Stříbro116, 171, 190, 201, 31012and Jan Příbram126, 144, 14750, 174, 31821and Jan Rokycana823, 86, 126, 1523, 1556, 164, 1689, 284, 352, 378, 384and Jan Želivský200and Jan Žižka204, 285on the Law of Christ125, 351liturgy of3479, 374and Martin Lupáč158and Mikuláš Biskupec82, 86, 1267, 1645, 168, 190, 269, 273n56, 281, 379opposition to Prague3, 72, 82, 125, 144, 201, 223, 234, 239opposition to the Utraquists1467and Peter Payne87, 89, 128, 147, 149, 163and Petr Chelčický31213, 379and Pikartism171, 207, 210, 354, 378and Sigismund200Synod of Tábor (1430)126, 234and the Unity of Brethren220, 223, 376, 3789, 382, 384, 393and the University of Prague826, 1256, 1645, 167, 201, 234, 261, 347, 379and Václav of Dráchov156and the vernacular314, 318and violence86, 1945, 204, 285, 311and the Waldensians170and women200, 206and Wyclif64, 80, 826, 146, 149, 1667, 261, 264, 281, 319, 354Táborský, Adam358Tetragonus Aristotelis46Theodoric de Ehrlich149Thomas á Kempis322Thomas of Ireland (Hibernicus)34Thorpe, William149Toke, Heinrich191Trinity64, 74, 109, 114, 265, 335Unity of Brethren: accusations of heresy3756, 382, 384, 421anticlericalism of41819and the Bible3756, 37980, 387Brother Řehoř3856, 389, 392Brothers of Boleslav374Church of the Moravian Brothers/ Renewed Unity of Brethren372, 376communal lifestyle of380, 38990confusion with Waldensians3756and the early Bohemian reform26and the Eastern Church9ecclesiology of3835, 388, 390eschatology of169, 375, 378, 383, 3878on the Eucharist1668, 312, 355, 376, 414and Ferdinand I387in historiography3713, 3937influence of Petr Chelčický170, 221, 239, 377, 379, 386Kłodzko interrogation373and the laity375Lukáš of Prague3923, 41415persecutions of382Piesničky (Songs)342on Pikartism376on re-baptism3912and the Reformation3801, 405, 41012, 41422, 4289relations with the Roman Church168, 324, 375and Rokycana153, 155, 371n2, 373, 3778, 3814, 393and the Taborites220, 223, 376, 3789, 382, 384, 393and Utraquism3, 1567, 247, 378, 389synods372, 385, 390University of Cologne70, 114, 410University of Heidelberg38, 70, 114University of Kraków38, 50, 104University of Oxford46, 66, 87, 114, 1278, 163University of Paris26, 36, 46, 48, 65, 66, 70, 193, 272, 277, 380University of Prague: and Petr Chelčický168, 170and Constance123disputations66, 701, 713, 757, 10610, 112, 11415, 11718, 119, 145, 149, 153, 234, 266, 297, 312, 333, 3523Faculty of Arts67, 109, 111, 114, 117, 142, 144, 150, 160, 237, 297Faculty of Law117Faculty of Protestant Theology395Faculty of Theology71, 101, 104, 107, 10912, 115, 117, 129, 2245first generation theologians1035foundation of101and frequent communion267, 47German nominalists4and the Great Schism36in historiography53, 8991, 129, 173, 356, 395and Hus111and Jerome of Prague114Karolinum college41, 231, 352and the laity478liturgy of348privilege of144synods52, 110, 219, 342, 336, 41314and the Taborites826, 1256, 1645, 167, 201, 234, 261, 347, 379and the vernacular162and the Utraquists115, 11718, 142,147, 150, 152, 156and Wyclif6571, 118University of Vienna38, 67, 104, 106, 144Urban V, Pope39, 46Urban vi, Pope46Use of Roman Rite337, 3445, 355Utraquism23, 50, 114, 116, 11922, 1412, 158, 1924, 208, 212, 222, 303, 3334, 343, 378ban of122, 305at Basel125, 152, 1212and the clergy242communion of infants/ all baptized143, 151, 160, 332, 3456, 350, 3545Compactata1601, 171, 220, 231Constance1223, 125, 128, 130, 150, 153, 267, 303, 305disputes over Utraquism117, 11921, 123, 225and frequent communion50in historiography3567, 357n89, 357n90and Jakoubek of Stříbro11516, 1924, 116n56, 27780, 2823, 278n82, 3034, 3067, 333and Jan Milíč3312, 345and Jan Příbram1478, 164, 204and Jan Rokycana1545and Matěj of Janov27, 48, 119and Mikuláš Biskupec126, 1645, 350and the nobility224opposition to11718, 120, 1223, 151, 227, 305, 314and Petr Chelčický1668, 312and the Pikarts354, 376as a practice23, 50, 116, 121, 142, 147, 151, 1535, 201, 222, 239, 279, 303, 334, 346, 350, 355and the Taborites312, 31819, 348, 350, 3534and the Unity of Brethren355, 376and the Utraquists243, 338, 344, 388Václav of Dráchov157Utraquists: church administration2318on the clergy146, 1567, 2201, 2257, 232, 311, 336, 3834and the Compactata and Four Articles of Prague141, 1712, 283on the correction of sin285and the Roman Church6, 1435, 155, 160, 163, 166, 223, 235, 2405, 3546diplomacy of155, 236, 244divisions within1423, 324and the Eastern Church9, 128establishment of the Utraquist Church5, 115, 152, 221in historiography7, 1725, 2457, 3569and Jakoubek of Stříbro127, 152, 155, 192, 2278, 302and Jan Rokycana127, 1526, 1568, 172, 2269, 2323, 241, 281, 315at Kutná Hora6and the laity1612, 315leadership of127, 143, 147, 150liturgy of222, 33747preaching of1589, 316and print239and the Reformation41116, 41922, 426, 4289, 431on religious communities and monasteries238on Scripture1623, 201structure of the Church2202, 22331and the Taborites144, 146, 2056, 310, 312, 31819, 348, 3524transmission of texts28, 318, 322and the Unity of Brethren3713, 3756, 3778, 3801, 38792, 405vernacular liturgy of322, 341Václav of Dráchov1568, 175, 228n34, 315Václav of Dubá122Václav of Křižanov154, 243Václav of Krumlov241Václav of Litomyšl239Václav of Vysoké Mýto229Vaněk Valečovský of Kněžmost146Vavřinec of Březová122, 2045, 208, 210, 351Velenský, Oldřich411veneration: of the consecrated host84, 303, 3545of the cross151of Hus and Jerome of Prague143, 338n26, 409of Mary159of relics and icons85, 87, 151, 281, 303of saints145, 154, 281, 3Versor, John144Vladislav ii the Jagiellonian6, 338, 384Vlk, Jakub229Vodňanský, Jan210Vojtěch Raňkův of Ježov26, 39, 467, 66, 102, 332Waldensians: German8, 11, 31, 3789, 3834, 386Hussite-Waldensian Internationale371influence on Bohemia26, 166, 170, 2612, 284, 3478, 403n1and the Reformation409, 425, 427transmission of texts127, 127n92and the Unity of Brethren375, 394Waldhauser, Konrad: on antimendicantism44, 272and Charles iv40, 63circulation of texts50and German language26in historiography54on Judaism43Postilla studentium27, 49, 53, 102and Prague66preaching of42, 64as precursor to Hus1, 26, 102, 261Weisse, Michael414, 41718Wenceslas iv, King29, 49, 116, 142, 224, 281, 307, 349Wenceslas, St.73, 225, 273, 337n20William of Conches66William of Saint-Amour44, 272Wodeham, Adam69Wyclif, John: on the Antichrist188, 190and anticlericalism66, 267and Augustine78Blackfriars condemnation of (1382)68condemnation of Archbishop Zbyněk Zajíc of Házmburk73, 307on the Donation of Constantine169and the early Bohemian reform12, 26, 4950on the Eucharist105, 107, 117, 167, 277as evangelical doctor4, 166Forty-five Articles713in historiography15, 8991, 102, 12930, 261influence on Hus734, 77, 7981, 103, 105, 11314, 118, 264, 26970, 283influence on Prague masters63, 6671, 81, 104, 1069, 11618and Jakoubek of Stříbro745, 115, 155, 165, 266, 286, 30610and Jerome of Prague297and Jan of Jičín76and Jan Příbram125, 128, 1489and Jan Rokycana154, 158on the Law of Christ2645and Peter Payne879, 125, 1278, 147, 164, 284on predestination47, 155, 221on clerical dominion284and Prokop of Plzeň76, 109, 150realist philosophy of34, 645, 63n4and the Taborites826, 146, 1667, 264, 281, 319, 354and the Utraquists223, 239, 240n71and Václav of Dráchov1578works of64, 64n3Wycliffites: ecclesiology of240n71as heretics5, 678, 71, 73, 148, 409in historiography1314, 90and Hussites12, 71, 87, 149, 155influence on Bohemian reform45, 26Opus arduum valde195, 276at Prague29, 678, 107, 224Zbyněk Zajíc of Házmburk, Archbishop6870, 73, 109, 307Zdislav of Zvířetice74, 77, 77n39Želivský, Jan1245, 195, 200, 209, 227, 263, 276, 410Zinzendorf, Nikolaus Ludwig371, 376Žižka, Jan204, 20810, 285, 325, 410, 427Zwingli, Huldrych403, 421Zwinglians41718