Chapter 15 Progress Report on China’s Rural Land Property Rights Reform in 2016

In: Chinese Research Perspectives on Society, Volume 6
Qiang Gao
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With the ever-expanding industrialization and urbanization in China, a majority of rural laborers choose to work in cities; a considerable number of rural households even move into cities to achieve stable employment in the secondary and tertiary industries and transfer land to others to work it. As a result, the situation of “every household contracts the land and tills the land” has changed dramatically. The lack of a mechanism for the withdrawal of the rural property rights of rural migrant workers in cities not only affects the pace of urbanization of the agricultural population, but also restricts the function of land resource elements, thus impeding the development of agricultural modernization. With reference to the existing practices, some typical models have been explored for the pilot areas based on local realities and some progress has been made. In view of the fact that the urbanization and citizenization of the agricultural population is a long-term historical process, and there is a long way to go to construct a unified social security system in urban and rural areas, the withdrawal of the rural property rights of rural migrant workers in cities will also follow a gradual path. Therefore, the premises and conditions for the withdrawal should be developed according to the actual situation. At present, we should give priority to the exploration of a withdrawal mechanism, and advance it in a prudent and steady manner.

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