The purpose of this chapter is to give a descriptive and analytical overview of Swedish career guidance, its development, present situation, dilemmas and challenges. I start by giving a picture of what characterises Swedish career guidance, more specifically its’ aims and organisation. Thereafter I will present a short description of the history and development of career guidance. The next section will focus on how career guidance has been evaluated and perceived by various and different interest groups and what goals it has achieved. Finally, I will reflect on Swedish career guidance and discuss its future.