The Making of a Profession

The Development of the Careers Profession in Iceland

In: Career and Career Guidance in the Nordic Countries


Four elements of the history of guidance in Iceland are described, international co-operation, policy and legislation, the professional association and finally education and training of school counsellors. It is argued that these four elements are needed in the making of a guidance profession in a small country like Iceland. What is unique in this history is the fact that the MA programme in career guidance and counselling at the University of Iceland trains professionals for all school levels as well as different institutions that serve the working population. Another aspect that is quite unique is the legislation on the licensure of the title of educational and vocational counsellor.