IndexIndexAactive labour market policy8adaptability73, 86, 160, 178–180, 184–186, 194, 343, 344apprentices/apprenticeships84, 293Ccapitalism6career competencies (competences)8, 88, 216, 237, 240, 244–246, 273, 286, 312 (see also career management skills)career education2, 3, 11, 13, 77, 82, 87, 88, 94, 95, 101–104, 112, 120, 127, 129, 130, 132, 133, 139, 148–154, 158, 159, 223, 247, 251–253, 255, 256, 258–261, 265–269, 272, 273, 277career management skills (CMS)9, 31, 71, 82, 86–88, 95, 129, 131, 133, 135, 198, 258, 266, 272, 275, 277, 322 (see also career competencies)collaboration1, 5, 6, 8–10, 13, 14, 16, 17, 38, 76, 78, 117, 131, 139, 157, 165, 169, 223, 224, 267, 269, 276, 277, 281, 296, 297, 299, 300, 302, 303, 325, 327, 332, 333curriculum9, 15, 72, 94–96, 99, 101–103, 127, 130, 132, 139, 153, 164, 165, 172, 200, 210, 212, 242, 243, 253, 261, 265–277Eequality6, 14, 27–29, 33, 42, 51–60, 74, 83, 129, 216, 344ethics13, 84, 156, 157Europe/European Union3, 5, 9, 25, 39, 40, 49, 54, 60, 70, 81–83, 87, 101, 138, 151, 152, 163, 192, 193, 195, 201, 251, 281, 282, 293, 295, 318, 323, 340–342European Lifelong Guidance Policy Network (ELGPN)3 71, 87, 123, 129, 195, 294Ffamily11, 27–29, 32, 43, 51, 52, 54, 55, 59, 60, 74, 97, 117, 135, 139, 157, 193, 240, 241, 246, 285, 290, 312–316, 319, 344, 347flexicurity7, 130, 324Ggender6, 14, 28, 42, 46, 51–60, 69, 70, 74, 96, 97, 99, 215, 240, 241, 269, 274–276, 313, 314Hhigher education9, 44, 45, 51, 59, 68–71, 74, 77, 85, 110, 112–114, 116, 119, 120, 127, 129, 133, 150, 164, 181, 183, 191, 192, 200, 201, 238, 272, 284, 295, 308, 312, 325, 326, 328, 345–348Iindividualism30, 88, 178, 312, 347Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)9, 14, 15, 71, 77, 101, 112, 118, 130, 133, 136, 159, 163–167, 171, 172, 281, 291Llanguages2, 16, 41, 43, 66, 68, 69, 72–78, 136, 151, 155, 159, 168, 178, 181, 184, 193, 194, 197, 198, 208, 216, 217, 226, 246, 286, 307, 308, 310, 311, 317lifelong learning16, 31, 44, 45, 76, 87, 101, 129, 130, 138, 139, 156, 240, 265, 269, 274, 275, 282, 298, 326, 332, 335–337, 342, 351Mmigration and mobility43, 56, 59, 68–70, 72–75, 136, 308–318mobility7, 9, 15, 31, 32, 68, 73, 74, 76, 152, 191–201, 324NNordic model6–8, 14, 17, 25, 26, 28, 29, 33, 38, 47, 48, 324OOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)6, 31, 39, 43, 49, 54, 81, 82, 87, 88, 100, 101, 111, 130, 138, 157, 207, 251, 258, 266, 267, 272, 296, 323Ppolicy/politics2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10–17, 26, 27, 29–32, 33, 37–39, 42, 43, 46–48, 52, 53, 55–57, 65, 66, 70–78, 81, 85, 93–96, 104, 111, 119, 127, 147, 150–154, 157, 159, 160, 241, 282, 295, 297, 322–325, 327, 328, 336, 337, 340, 341, 350profession/professionalisation (of careers professionals)2, 7–17, 31, 34, 39–42, 45–47, 52, 56, 68–70, 72–76, 78, 95, 98, 104, 111, 113, 116, 117, 137–139, 147, 148, 150, 153, 154, 156–160, 163–166, 168, 169, 192, 194–198, 200, 207, 212, 219–223, 229–232, 241, 243–247, 253, 331, 332, 336, 341, 352psychometrics/career assessments84, 178–180Public Employment Services (PES)134–136, 139, 140, 294, 298, 300, 302, 328Rretirement3, 28, 32, 340, 341, 343–346, 348–352Sschools9, 11, 14, 15, 32, 34, 43, 51, 52, 55, 58, 59, 68, 70–72, 74, 85, 88, 94–104, 109–112, 114–116, 119, 120, 122, 123, 127, 129, 132, 133, 137, 138, 147–149, 151–154, 156–159, 210, 223–226, 228, 230, 231, 237–247, 284, 287–289, 293, 297, 308, 350skills31, 41, 69, 71, 76, 82, 86–88, 93, 95, 97, 115, 117, 120, 127–133, 135, 138, 198, 258, 266, 272, 275, 277, 294, 300, 303, 307, 308, 311, 313, 315–318, 322, 323, 327, 328, 331, 342, 348, 349social democracy7, 27, 48Ttaxation6, 29teachers9, 13, 39, 58, 69, 70, 86, 94–96, 99, 100, 102–104, 109, 110, 114, 120, 122, 123, 129, 132, 133, 137, 148, 149, 151, 157, 158, 211, 221–226, 229–231, 238, 239, 242–245, 247, 253, 254, 260, 261, 268, 269, 271, 273, 275, 283, 289, 332, 346trade unions7, 11, 13, 15, 42, 94, 98, 102, 104, 105, 138, 220, 222, 298, 322–326, 328–332, 335–337, 349training (of careers professionals)3, 8, 14, 15, 26, 46, 69, 70, 77, 78, 81, 87, 97, 98, 102–104, 110, 112–117, 119, 122, 128–130, 133–135, 137, 138, 147–149, 151–152, 154, 156–159, 164–167, 170, 172, 192, 193, 195, 197–201, 224, 253, 259, 269, 277, 291, 294, 295, 297, 302, 311, 317, 322–324, 326–328, 331–333, 336Uunemployment3, 6, 7, 28, 29, 32, 42, 43, 45, 130, 158, 194, 293, 295, 296, 302, 318, 322, 324, 328universalism7, 27–30, 33, 180VVocational Education and Training (VET)112, 114–116, 119–121, 129, 133, 157, 224–226, 231, 295Wwelfare state7, 8, 25, 27–30, 32–34, 47, 48, 53, 85, 94, 177, 178, 219, 309, 317, 325