Taiwan is a democratic and liberal society with a well-documented educational system in which Western liberalism and pluralism have merged with local knowledge. The total number of students in schools has declined dramatically in recent decades; however, the number of new immigrant pupils has increased. In Taiwan the diversity of values, ethnicity and any forms of difference are becoming more important. Therefore it has become urgent to find ways to encourage children and young people towards good character, especially to respect and treat equally those who are different from themselves. This chapter describes inclusive practices in some schools in Taiwan that focus on school-based character and moral education; this is a relevant aspect of recent curricular reforms towards enhancing inclusive education. The author describes the educational background and context in Taiwan relevant for inclusive education. The important connection between inclusive education and character education is described as the respect and care for the individual. Specific illustrations are given of inclusive practices in Taiwanese schools through practices in character and moral education. Teachers and other educators employ various strategies and methods in order to inspire the younger generation to recognise the meaning of inclusive education and, in doing so, to work towards making the world a more peaceful place.