Chapter 9 The English Dominican Intellectual Tradition

In: A Companion to the English Dominican Province  
Authors:
John T. Slotemaker
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Jeffrey C. Witt
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Abstract

This article provides an overview of key debates and claims put forward by English Dominicans who lived between 1225 and 1350. The first section examines the achievements of Richard Fishacre, and other contemporary Dominicans, against the backdrop of the emergence of the scholastic tradition at Oxford and the founding of the Dominican Studium Generale. Secondly, the contribution looks at the development of theology in the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries and the distinctive contribution of Dominicans such as Richard Kilwardby. Here, the thought of Kilwardby and his cohort will be examined against the background of the achievements of Thomas Aquinas. Finally, the chapter turns to the achievements of English Dominicans in the age of Ockham, particularly in the debates between English Dominicans, Robert Holcot, Arnold of Strelley, William Crathorn, and Hugh of Lawton. Various innovations in thought introduced by Holcot, such as his approach to grace and nature, the merit of faith, and the development of obligational theology as a distinct method, will be addressed.

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