African Philosophy is related to the need for the self-reflective contextualisation of philosophy in a multicultural society. African Philosophy, understood as a family name for all the diverse articulations of philosophy from within and for the cultural contexts of Africa, is significant in this regard as it exemplifies in a paradigmatic way the historical and cultural contingency or con-textual particularity of philosophy. It is argued that a similar, though more complicated self-reflective contextualisation of philosophy is what is called for in present-day societies. By analysing the logic of modernity it is argued that modernisation and the increasing globalisation of modern culture does not mean increasing cultural homogeneity, but the extension of cultural differences and multiculturalism to a common feature of societies. In conclusion a few preliminary remarks are made about the impact of multiculturalism on philosophy and how philosophy may contribute towards the self-understanding and well-being of multicultural societies.