Educational Reform at a Time of Change: The Case of Lebanon

In: Education Reform in Societies in Transition

Lebanon is in the midst of a major educational reform that started shortly after the Lebanese Parliament signed the Taif Accord in 1989 that ended a devastating fifteen-year civil war (1975-1989). The new constitution of Lebanon settled the issues of identity and belongingness that used to divide the Lebanese and stressed the need for openness to other cultures and western ideas. These principles were incorporated into new educational policies and were reflected in the Plan for Educational Reform (1994) and the new Framework for Education (1995). Furthermore, the National Center for Educational Research and Development (NCERD) has initiated and implemented an operational plan that led to the introduction of a new educational ladder, devising new pre-college curricula, writing textbooks and implementing comprehensive programmes of in-service teacher education. These reform components are currently being reviewed in light of feedback from educators and based on a systematic review process of the new curricula. This chapter describes and analyses the impact of the Lebanese educational reform. An analytic framework for evaluating the impact of education reforms (Kraft, 1993) is employed taking into consideration the political and social changes in contemporary Lebanon.