The literature on teacher satisfaction indicates that job satisfaction is the result of many interrelated factors. Among these factors, school organizational climate may have an important role. The present study investigated secondary teachers’ job satisfaction in relation to school organizational climate in Iran and India. 512 teachers were selected through Stratified Random Sampling from secondary schools of Arak city (Iran) and Mysore City (India). Subjects consisted of 226 men and 286 women. They were assessed using the Teacher Job Satisfaction scale (Sudha and Sathyanarayana) and School Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire (Sharma). Result may be regarded as indicative that some dimensions of school organizational climate influence job satisfaction of teachers. From a comparative perspective, it is clear that school organizational climate has more effect on Indian teachers’ job satisfaction than their counterparts in Iran.