On ejective fricatives in Omani Mehri

in Brill's Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Ejective fricatives are extremely rare cross-linguistically. This infrequency is generally attributed to the incompatibility of two aerodynamic requirements: airflow to create noise frication and a high intraoral air pressure to implement ejectivity. Seeking to determine how this incompatibility is solved, this study presents an acoustic investigation of initial and intervocalic ejective fricatives in Mehri, a Modern South Arabian language spoken in Oman. Based on data from 5 Mehri speakers, the analysis of different temporal and non-temporal parameters shows a high degree of variability in the way ejectivity is implemented in fricatives. Much of this variability is shaped by the position of the segments within the word. In initial position, the ejectivity of fricatives translates into a frequent presence of post-frication glottal lags, higher intensity and higher center of gravity. These acoustic attributes are less frequently encountered in intervocalic position. In this position, it is argued, the systematic diphthongization of the following long vowel, induced by ejectivity combined with dorsopharyngealisation, is salient enough to allow the contrast of ejectivity to be recovered.

On ejective fricatives in Omani Mehri

in Brill's Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics

Sections

Figures

  • View in gallery
    Figure 1

    Illustration of vowel formants for tokens [iɬuːbər] “to measure” and [iɬ’uːbəl] “to drink” for speaker S2, showing the diphthongization induced by ejectivity

  • View in gallery
    Figure 2

    The temporal intervals measured: V = preceding vowel duration, C = pre-frication closure interval, F = frication noise, L = post-frication glottal lag. Token [iθ’uːbər] “to blame”, for speaker S2.

  • View in gallery
    Figure 3

    Pre- and post-frication lags for [θ’əbuːr] “to blame” and [ʃ’əruːm] “to slap” for speaker S2

  • View in gallery
    Figure 4

    Illustration of frication intensity for tokens [səbuːħ] “to fix” and [s’əbuːr] “to support” for speaker S3

  • View in gallery
    Figure 5

    Bar graph for the CoG measurements for speaker S3 in the word-initial position

  • View in gallery
    Figure 6

    Illustration of vowel formants for tokens [ɬəbuːr] “to measure” and [ɬ’əbuːl] “to drink” for speaker S2

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 27 27 26
Full Text Views 8 8 8
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0