Canadian Policy Towards Bangladesh: How Does the North Look at the South?

in African and Asian Studies
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

The goal of the paper is to analyze the Canadian policy towards Bangladesh. In this paper I argue that Canadian approach towards Bangladesh was different in different phases of history. In the liberation war of Bangladesh Canada played a role that went against the interest of Bangladesh and suited with the triple alliance of the US-Pakistan and China. Against the backdrop of Cold War politics, Canadian policy demonstrated the reflection of her national interest. In the dawn of the independence of Bangladesh in the early 1970’s Canada revised its policy, immediately recognized the new nation and supported Bangladesh’s admission in to the Commonwealth, the United Nations and other international organizations. Since the threshold of Bangladesh’s journey Canada emerged as a development partner of the new nation. Apart from significant aid, Canada also provided immigration facilities to the Bangladeshis. All these are consistent with its national interest. I also focus on the Canadian concerns over the violation of human rights and poor governance that gradually eroded the image of Bangladesh among the Canadian policy makers. Finally, I suggest a way out to improve relations between the two countries of the ‘North’ and ‘South’.

Canadian Policy Towards Bangladesh: How Does the North Look at the South?

in African and Asian Studies

Sections

References

AbernethyDavidB., '“Dominant-Subordinate Relationships: How shall We Define Them? How Do We Compare them?”', in Jan F. Triska (ed), Dominant Powers and Subordinate States: The United states In Latin America and the Soviet Union in The Eastern Europe, (Duke University Press, Durham 1986) 105-108.

External Affairs and International Trade, Annual Report (1991–92), (Canada ).

BaehrPeter R., '“Small States: A Tool for Analysis?”' (1975) Vol. 27(3) World Politics: 464.

Bangladesh Election Commissionwww.bd-ec.org/news Rhp3.

Bangladesh Expo.2010online: http://www.bdexpo2010.com/portal/business

BeardCharles A., The Idea of National Interest: An Analytical Study in American Foreign Policy, (Macmillan, New York 1934).

Arthur E. Blanchett (ed), Canadian Foreign Policy 1977–1992, (Carleton University Press, Ottawa 1994) 6.

BriguglioLino, '“Economic vulnerability and resilience: Concepts and Measurement” in Ellawony' (2007) .

Canada House Of Commons Debates, (1972–1992) .

Canada’s Commitment<http:// www.acdi-cida.gc./CIDAWEB>

Canada’s International Relation, , (Canadian Institute of International Affairs, Toronto 1986).

Canadian Foreign Relations, , (Ottawa 1972) 15.

CBCCI Review (A Journal of Canada-Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce and Industry Vol. 2 April 2009)online: <http:// Canchambangladesh.org/review/REVIEW-2.pdf>

ChaudPaul Pain, '“Middlepowermanship as an Ideology”', in J. King Gordon (ed), Role as a Middle Power, (The Canadian Institute of Internal Affairs, Toronto 1966) 31-32.

ChowdhuryAhsen, '“Foundation of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy”', in Latif Ahamed Sherwani (ed), The Foreign policy of Pakistan: An Analysis, (Allies Book Corporation, Karachi 1964) 25.

CIDA report“Rights, Democracy and Governance-Bangladesh”available at <www.reliefweb.int>

ColinLeys, '“Underdevelopment and Dependency: critical Notes”', in Peter Limqueco and Bruce McFarlane (eds), Neo-Marxist Theories of Development, (St. Martin’s Press, New York 1983) 29.

CooperAndrew F.ShawTimothy M., '“The Diplomacies of Small States at the Start of the Twenty-first Century: How Vulnerable? How Resilient?', in Andrew F. Cooper and Timothy M. Shaw (eds), The Diplomacies Of Small States: Between Vulnerabilities and Resilences, (Palgrave Macmillian, U.K. 2009) 2.

DelongLin Wood, Guide to Canadian diplomatic relations (1925–1983), (Canadian Library Association, Ottawa 1972) 13.

DelvoieLouis A., Hesitant Engagement: Canada and South Asian Security, (Queen’s University, Centre for International Relations, Kingston, Ontario 1995) 21.

Department of External Affairs Annual Review 1975–1981., () .

DewittDavid B.KirtonJohn J., Canada as a principal power, (John Wiley & Sons, Toronto (1983)) 21-23.

Electoral Assistance in Bangladesh2001International Cooperation at: www.bangladesh elections./org/docs/matrix.pdf

FinleDavid D., '“The dominant Powers and their strategies”', in Jan F. Triska (ed), Dominant Powers and Subordinate States: The United States in Latin America and the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe, (Duke University Press, Durham 1986) 202.

FinnemoreMartha, National Interests in International Society, (Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London 1996).

Freedom from Fear: Canada’s Foreign policy for Human Security (2002), , (Department of Foreign Affairs and International trade, Ottawa ) 2-3.

FurnissEdgar S.SnyderRichard C., An introduction to American Foreign Policy, (Rinehart, New York 1955).

GaltungJohan, '“A structural Theory of Imperialism”' (1971) 18(81) Journal of Peace Research: 91-93.

Globe and Mail, (1972) , February.

Globe and Mail, (2002) , August: 1.

Globe and Mail, (1975) , August.

Gold BlattMurray, '“The UN’s 27th Session in Review”' (1973) International Perspectives: 25-26.

J. King Gordon (ed), Canada’s Role as a Middle Power, (The Canadian Institute of Internal Affairs, Toronto 1966) 197.

Government of Canada, (1994) News Release, February.

Government of Canada, (1991) News release, February: 1991.

J.L. Granatstein (ed), Canadian Foreign Policy, (Copp Clark Pitman Ltd, Toronto 1993).

J.L. Granatstein (ed), Canadian Foreign Policy, (Copp Clark Pitman Ltd, Toronto 1995) 87.

Gunder FrankAnd’re, '“On the Mechanism of Imperialism: the Case of Brazil”' (1964) 16(5) Monthly Review: 89.

HagalinT., '“Real independence of Micro states in international Organizations and State Relations”. Cited in Godfrey Baldacchino. “Thucydides or Kissinger? A Critical Review of Smaller State Diplomacy”', in Andrew Cooper and Timothy M. Shaw (eds), The Diplomacies of Small states, (Palgrave MacMillan, U.K. 2009) 21-40.

ZaglulHaider, '“Unfolding Canada-Bangladesh Relations”' (2005) 45(2) Asian Survey: 323.

ZaglulHaider, The Changing Pattern of Bangladesh Foreign policy: A Comparative Study of the Mujib and Zia Regimes, (The University Press Limited, Dhaka 2006).

ZaglulHaider, '“The Role of Canadian aid in Bangladesh”' (2008) 97(394) The Round Table: 73.

ZaglulHaider, '“Canada-Bangladesh Trade Relations: Bargaining with the Boss.”' (2010) Unpublished Paper.

House of Commons Debates, (1994) 1st session 35th Parliament March 15 1994 2300..

http://www.can-ndc.nrcan.gc.ca/index-e.ph.p

http://www.spacanada.org/heart-statement.Pdf

HuntingtonSamuel P., (1997) The Clash of Civilization and the Remaking of the World Order: 155.

HuntingtonSamuel P., '“Advice for Democratic President: The Economic Renewal of America”' (1992) The National Interest: 14.

International Canada, (1972–73) .

KhorMartin, Rethinking Globalization: Critical Issues and Policy Choices, (Zed Books, London 2001).

Kisanga Danchie and Sarah Jane Danchie (eds), Commonwealth Small States: Issues and Prospects, (Comsec & CPA, London 2007) 105.

KrasnerStephen, Defending the National Interest: Raw materials Investment and U.S. Foreign Policy, (Princeton University Press, Princeton 1978).

Krishna SamyKabilan, '“Bangladesh and UN Peacekeeping: The Participation of a Small State”' (2003) 41(1) The Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics: 30.

Lerche JrCharles O.SaidAbdul, Concepts of International Relations in Global Perspective, (Prentice Hall. Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ 1979).

LyonPayton, '“Introduction”', in Payton V. Lyon and Tareq Y. Ismael (eds), Canada and the Third World, (Macmillan of Canada, Maclean-Hunter Press, Toronto 1976) xiv.

MacKayPeter, '“Expanding Trade and Foreign Relations in the Americas: Canada Counts”' (2008) 82 Studies in Political Economy: 50 Speech given to the Canadian Club Embassy. Cited in Teresa Healy and Sheila Katz “Big and Little Brother Bilateralism: Security Prosperity and Canada’s Deal with Columbia”.

McInnisEdgar, '“A Middle Power in the Cold War”', in Hugh L. Keenleyside (ed), The Growth of Canadian Policies in External Affairs., (Duke University Press, Durham 1960) 143.

MigdalJoel S., Strong Societies and Weak States, (Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey 1988).

MgbeojiIkechi, '“The Civilized Self and Barbaric Other: imperial delusions of order and the challenges of human security”' (2006) 27(5) Third World Quarterly: 856.

Migration News, (2000) , January.

Minutes of Proceedings and evidences of the standing Committees on External Affairs and National Defense, , .

MorgenthauHans J., (1951) In defense of National Interest: A critical examination of American Foreign Policy.

MorrisonAlex, '“Canada and Peace Keeping: A time for Reanalysis?”', in David B. Dewitt and David Leyton-Brown (eds), Canada’s International Security Policy, (Prentice Hall Canada, Scarborough, Ontario 1995) 202.

MorrisonAlex, Politics among Nations: The Struggle for Power., (Knopf, New York 1954).

MoseleyAlexander“Political Realism”the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy2005<http: www. iep.utm.edu/polreal>

New nation, (2003) , May.

O’NeilMaureen, '“Foreword”', in Jennifer Welsh and Nagaire Woods (eds), Exporting Good Governance: Temptation and Challenges in Canadian Aid Program, (Wilfred Laurier University Press, Canada 2007) vii.

PayneAnthony, '“Small states in the Global Politics of Development”' (2004) 1.93(376) Round Table: 623-635.

PrattCranford, '“Canadian Aid: the need to return to first principles”', in Canada and the World: National Interest and Global responsibility., (The Group of 78, Ottawa 1985) 32.

ReuvenyRafaelThompsonWilliam R., '“World Economic Growth, Northern Antagonism, and North-South Conflict”' (2002) 46(4) The Journal of Conflict Resolution: 484-485.

RiceCondoleezza, '“Rethinking the National Interest: American Realism for a New World”' (2008) 87(4) Foreign Affairs: 18.

RizviGowher, '“Canadian South Asian issues: The View from Dhaka”', in Arthur G. Rubinoff (ed), Canada and South Asia: Political and strategic considerations, (Centre for south Asian studies, University of Toronto 1992) 110.

RothesteinRobert L., The weak in the World of the Strong, (Columbia University Press, New York 1977).

SchmitzGerald J.GillesDavid, The Challenge of Democratic Development: Sustaining Democratization in Developing Societies, (North-South Institute, Ottawa 1992).

SelwynPercy, '“Industrial Development in Peripheperal small countries”', in Percy Selwyn (ed), Development policy in Small countries, (Groom Helm, London 1975) 77-78.

SingerMarshall R., Weak States in a World of Power, (The Free Press, New York 1972).

SmillieIanWelshJenniferWoodsNgaire, '“Boy Scouts and Fearful Angels: The Evolution of Canada’s International Good Governance Agenda”', in Exporting Good Governance., (Wilfred Laurier University Press, The Centre for International Governance Innovations 2007) 44-45.

Statistics CanadaOnline: <http://www.statcan.ca/english/pgdb>

The Daily Star, (2003) , August.

The Daily Star, (2002) , July.

The Daily Star, (2003) , January.

ThomasC.Y., Dependence and Transformation, (Monthly Review Press, New York 1974).

TorresMagui MorenoAndersonMichael, '“Fragile States: Defining difficult Environments for Poverty Reduction.” Poverty Reduction in Difficult Environments.', in Working Paper 1, (Department for International Development, London 2004).

VitalDavid, The Survival of Small States: Studies in small Power /Great Power, (Oxford University Press, London 1971).

WaltzKenneth, '“The Origins of War in Neo-realist Theory”', in Robert T.I. Rotberg and Theodore K. Rabb (eds), Origin and Prevention of Major Wars, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1988) 39-52.

WeinerMyron, '“Political Change: Asia, Africa and the Middle East”', in Myron Weiner and S.P. Huntington (eds), Understanding Political Development, (Little, Brown & Company, Boston & Toronto 1987) 40.

WilliamsMarc, '“Re-articulating the Third World Coalition: the role of the environmental agenda”' (1993) 14(1) Third World Quarterly: 9.

15

Electoral Assistance in Bangladesh 2001International Cooperation at: <www.bangladesh elections./org/docs/matrix.pdf>.

Figures

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 12 12 9
Full Text Views 3 3 3
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0