Reconciliation and Conceptual Complexity: The Case of Post Conflict Kenya

in African and Asian Studies
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

This paper examines the level of conceptual complexity illustrated by members of the Kenyan parliament following the end of civil conflict that had been precipitated by the contested December 2007 presidential and parliamentary elections. Who is more likely to engage in rhetoric that is more complex (and hence more reconciliatory) the opposition or the governing party?: Ministers or other MPs? Using machine coded text analysis of parliamentary debates over the proposed reconciliation government in March 2008, we find that complexity scores were lower among representatives of the parties that were the principal protagonists in the civil conflict and lower among ministers of government than were representatives from other parties or non ministerial members of parliament.

Reconciliation and Conceptual Complexity: The Case of Post Conflict Kenya

in African and Asian Studies

Sections

References

AdegojuAdeyemi, '“Rhetoric In Conflict-Related Yoruba Proverbs: Guide To Constructive Conflict Resolution In Africa”' (2009) 30(2) African Study Monographs: 55-69.

Africa Watch, Divide and Rule: State-Sponsored Ethnic Violence in Kenya, (Human Rights Watch, New York 2003).

Baker-BrownG.BallardE. J.BluckS.deVriesB.SuedfeldP.TetlockP. E., Scoring manual for integrative and conceptual complexity, (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C. 1986) Unpublished manuscript.

Bar-TalDavid, '“From Intractable Conflict through Conflict Resolution to Reconciliation: Psychological Analysis”' (2000) 21 Political Psychology: 351-365.

J. Bercovitch (ed), Resolving international conflicts, (Lynne Rienner, Boulder, CO 1995).

BlakeCecil, '“The Role of Peace Communication in Conflict Resolution in Africa”' (1998) 28 Journal of Black Studies: 309-318.

BreuningMarijkeIshiyamaJohn, '“The Rhetoric of Nationalism: The Volksunie and Vlaams Blok in Belgian Politics”' (1998) 14 Political Communication: 5-26.

BrownStephen, '“Quiet Diplomacy and Recurring “Ethnic Clashes” in Kenya”', in Chandra Lekha Sriram and Karin Wermester (eds), From Promise to Practice: Strengthening UN Capacities for the Prevention of Violent Conflict, (Lynne Rienner, Boulder 2003).

BurtonJ. W., Resolving deep-rooted conflict: A handbook, (University Press of America, Lanham, MD 1987).

BurtonJ. W., Conflict: Resolution and prevention, (St. Martin’s, New York 1990).

ConwayL. G.IIISuedfeldP.TetlockP. E., '“Integrative complexity and political decisions that lead to war or peace”', in D. J. Christie, R. V. Wagner and D. Winter (eds), Peace conflict and violence: Peace psychology for the 21st century, (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 2001) 66-75.

CrockerChesterHampsonFen Osler, '“Making Peace Settlements Work”' (1996) 104 Foreign Policy: 54-71.

DecaloSamuel, The Stable Minority: Civilian Rule in Africa 1960–1990, (Florida Academic Press, Gainesville and London 1998).

DeutschMorton, The resolution of conflict: Constructive and destructive processes, (Yale University Press, New Haven, CT 1973).

FisherR. J., The social psychology of intergroup and international conflict resolution, (Springer-Verlag, New York 1990).

FisherR. J., '“Third party consultation: A method for the study and resolution of conflict”' (1972) 16 Journal of Conflict Resolution: 67-94.

R. J. Fisher (ed), Interactive conflict resolution, (Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, NY 1997).

FoxJohn, Regression Diagnostics, (Sage, Newbury Park 1991).

GilliganCarol, In a different voice: Psychological theory and women’s development, (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA 1992).

HartzellCarolineHoddieMatthewDonaldRothchild, '“Stabilizing the Peace After Civil War: An Investigation of Some Key Variables”' (2001) 55 International Organization: 183-208.

HartzellCarolineHoddieMatthew, '“Institutionalizing Peace: Power Sharing and Post-Civil War Conflict Management”' (2003) 47 American Journal of Political Science: 318-332.

HermannMargaret, Assessing leadership: A trait analysis, (Social Science Automation, Columbus, OH 2002).

MatthewHoddieHartzellCaroline, '“Power Sharing in Peace Settlements: Initiating the Transition from Civil War”', in Philip G. Roeder and Donald Rothchild (eds), Sustainable Peace : Power and Democracy after Civil Wars, (Cornell University Press, Ithaca 2005).

IshiyamaJohnYoungMarilynWilliamsDavid Cratis, '“The Role of Public Argumentation in Emerging Democracies”' (1997) 11 Argumentation: 179-194.

KelmanH., 'Social-psychological dimensions of international conflict', in I. W. Zartman and J. L. Rasmussen (eds), Peacemaking in international conflict: Methods and techniques, (U.S. Institute of Peace, Washington, DC 1997) 191-237.

KriesbergL., International conflict resolution, (Yale University Press, New Haven, CT 1992).

LihtJoséSuedfeldPeterKrawczykAndi, '“Integrative Complexity in Face-to-Face Negotiations between the Chiapas Guerrillas and the Mexican Government”' (2005) 26 Political Psychology: 543-552.

NgugiMukoma Wa, '“Understanding the Kenyan Opposition”' (2008) Monthly Review (February) http://mrzine.monthlyreview.org/.

PancerS. MarkHunsbergerBrucePrattMichael W.BoisvertSylvieRothDon, '“Political Roles and the Complexity of Political Rhetoric”' (1992) 13 Political Psychology: 31-43.

PrattM. W.DiessnerR.HunsbergerB.PancerS. M.SavoyK., 'Four pathways in the analysis of adult development and aging: comparing analyses of reasoning about personal-life dilemmas' (1991) 6 Psychology of Aging: 666-675.

RossM. H., The management of conflict: Interpretations and interests in comparative perspective, (Yale University Press, New Haven, CT 1993).

SuedfeldP., The Complexity Construct in Political Psychology: Personological and Cognitive Approaches, (University of British Columbia, Vancouver 2010) accessed October 2010 at http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA523334.

SuedfeldP.BluckS., '“Changes in integrative complexity prior to surprise attacks”' (1988) 32 Journal of Conflict Resolution: 626-635.

SuedfeldPeterJhangianiRajiv, '“Cognitive Management in an Enduring International Rivalry: The Case of India and Pakistan”' (2009) 30(6) Political Psychology: 937-951.

SuedfeldP.TetlockP. E., '“Integrative complexity of communication in international crises”' (1977) 21 Journal of Conflict Resolution: 168-178.

TetlockP. E., '“Integrative complexity of American and. Soviet foreign policy rhetoric: A time-series analysis”' (1985) 41 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: 207-212.

TetlockP. E.HannumK.MichelettiP., '“Stability and change in senatorial debate: Testing the cognitive versus rhetorical style hypothesis”' (1984) 46 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: 979-990.

WallaceM. D.SuedfeldP.TkachukK., '“Political Rhetoric of Leaders under Stress in the Gulf Crisis”' (1993) 37 The Journal of Conflict Resolution: 94-107.

WalterB., '“Designing Transitions from Civil War: Demobilization, Democratization, and Commitments to Peace,”' (1999) 24 International Security: 127-155.

WalterB., Committing to Peace: The Successful Settlement of Civil Wars, (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ 2002).

WanjohiNick G., Political Parties in Kenya, (Lengo Press, Nairobi 1997).

WilmerFranke, '“The social construction of conflict and reconciliation in the former Yugoslavia”' (1998) 25 Social Justice: 90-113.

WorchelS., Written in blood: Ethnic identity and the struggle for human harmony, (Worth, New York 1999).

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 6 6 5
Full Text Views 2 2 2
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0