Donors hope that their foreign aid can be influential, far beyond the development projects that they fund. Frequently, aid providers attach political conditions to their monies in the hope that these demands can serve as catalysts to improve the governance in the recipient. This is called a political conditionality approach. Few countries have felt the weight of conditionality as much as Malawi did in the 1990s. Here, donors were able to use aid sanctions to successfully encourage democratization, while strengthening the demands of domestic opposition forces. This paper argues that three factors were critical in this process: 1) aid dependency, 2) donor coordination, and 3) a strong and persistent domestic opposition. With their combined weight, foreign donors and Malawian civil society were able to change the tide in this once highly authoritarian country.
Lumumba-KasongoTukumbiLiberal Democracy and Its Critics in Africa: Political Dysfunction and the Struggle for Social Progress2005 and 2006South Africa, PretoriaUNISASenegal, Dakar: CODESRIA and United Kingdom, London: Zed Books.
Liberal Democracy and Its Critics in Africa: Political Dysfunction and the Struggle for Social Progress
2005 and 2006South Africa, PretoriaUNISASenegal, Dakar: CODESRIA and United Kingdom, London: Zed Books.)| false