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Food Security in South Asian Countries: 1972 to 2013

In: African and Asian Studies
Authors:
Muhammad Zakaria Shanghai University of Finance and Economics (SHUFE) Shanghai P.R. China COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT) Chak Shahzad, Islamabad Pakistan mzakaria@comsats.edu.pk mzakaria80@hotmail.com

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Junyang Xi Shanghai University of Finance and Economics (SHUFE) Shanghai P.R. China junyang@mail.shufe.edu.cn

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The paper empirically examines the effects of trade liberalization reforms on food security in South Asia countries (sacs) using econometric analysis in a panel framework for the period from 1972 to 2013. The estimated results indicate that trade liberalization has a significant positive effect on food production and food security in the region. The results also endorse the role of agriculture factors in improving food production and food security in sacs. The findings indicate that food security is mainly a political problem in South Asia. Solving conflicts politically, violence prevention, the reduction of international arms trade, and the reduction of military expenditures and protection of civil and political rights should be central to policies that address food security issue in the region.

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