Scholars implicitly assume that the conceptual models of fear of crime found in the Western literature are also applicable to populations that have different cultural and ethnic backgrounds. To investigate whether such an assumption is legitimate, the current study analyzed survey data from samples of Korean immigrants in the Detroit metropolitan area and native Koreans in Seoul, South Korea. The result indicated a higher level of fear among native Koreans than Korean immigrants. The presented subgroup analyses revealed that perceived incivility, confidence in the police, and ethnic attachment were significant predictors of fear of crime among Korean immigrants, while gender, vicarious victimization, and perceived crime increase in the neighborhood were significant among native Koreans. Based on these findings, we offer implications for future research.
ArnoldH.SessarK.KernerH.J.Fear of crime and its relationship to directly and indirectly experienced victimization: A binational comparison of modelsDevelopments in crime and crime control research1991New YorkSpringer
BrownB.BenedictW.Bullets, blades, and being afraid in Hispanic high schools: An exploratory study of the presence of weapons and fear of weapon associated victimization among high school students in a border townCrime and Delinquency200450372395
SaddS.GrincR.RosenbaumD.P.Innovative neighborhood oriented policing: An evaluation of community policing programs in eight citiesThe challenges facing community policing: Testing the promises1994Thousand Oaks, CASage