The Economic History of Manipur: Some Explorations

in African and Asian Studies
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Manipur, an erstwhile princely state of northeastern India, suffered in the hands of Burmese during 1819-25 and again in the hands of British in 1891. Since 1891, the state had been under the control of the British government of India. With the change in hands of the seat of administration, the economy of the state underwent drastic changes.

Following pure economic history approach, we analyse the salient features of the economy of Manipur during the feudal and colonial era. It was observed that the otherwise self-sufficient food economy of the feudal era was distorted during the colonial period. The colonial policy not only robbed the rice economy but also shunned the paths of industrialisation, thus preventing the natural transition of an economy. The policy of monetisation and commercialisation of agriculture led to export-led-retardation of the people and de-industrialisation of the economy with feeble trends towards tertiarisation of the economy.

The Economic History of Manipur: Some Explorations

in African and Asian Studies

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References

AitchisonC. U. A Collection of Treaties Engagements and Sanads Relating to India and Neighbouring Countries 1931 Vol. XII Calcutta Central Publication Branch, Government of India

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Government of Manipur Statistical Abstract Manipur 2005 Imphal Directorate of Economics and Statistics

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KabuiG. SanajaobaN. “A Note on Loiyamba Shinyen (1110 a.d.) (The First Written Constitution of Manipur)” Manipur Past and Present 1988 Vol. 1 New Delhi Mittal Publications 307 311

KabuiG. History of Manipur 1991 Vol. 1 New Delhi National Publishing House

McCullochW. Valley of Manipur 1980 New Delhi Gian Publications

ParrattS. N. A. The Court Chronicle of the Kings of Manipur: The Cheitharon Kumpapa 2005 London Routledge

SanajaobaN. Manipur Treaties and Documents (1110-1971) 1993 Vol. 1 New Delhi Mittal Publications

SinghCh. Priyoranjan “Manipur’s Economy: Historical Roots and Structural Evolution” Eastern Quarterly 2005 III 149 159

SinghK. Manimohan Hijam Irabot Singh and Political Movements in Manipur 1989 New Delhi B. R. Publishing Corporation

SinghK. Nupi Lan 2006 Imphal K. Premlata Devi

SinghN. Lokendro The Unquiet Valley 1998 New Delhi Mittal Publications

SinghR. K. Jhalajit A Short History of Manipur 1992 Imphal R. K. Jhalajit Singh

Figures

  • View in gallery
    Growth of population in Manipur (1901-1941).

    source: table 1.

  • View in gallery
    Exports from Manipur to the Surma and Assam valley.

    source: table 3.

  • View in gallery
    Imports to Manipur from the Surma and Assam valley.

    source: table 4.

  • View in gallery
    Map of Manipur & Northeast India with neighboring countries.

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